How the lychee is growing in natural and artificial conditions - the cultivation of a fruitless tree independently, application, care

Exotic Fruit Lico - Where and How Grows, Fruit Application

More often on our desk you can meet exotic products. Such wonders include lychee.

The fruits of this tree are distinguished by a unique refreshing taste, a bright color, and also have a large bone. Therefore, all more often, gardeners are interested in litter growing and whether it is possible to grow it independently.

What is lychee, how and where the culture is growing

The birthplace of this culture is considered South China. Also, this fruit has other names: Chinese plum, Chinese grapes or dragon eyes.

There are more hundreds of varieties. Which are suitable for growing as agricultural culture. Particularities are especially valued with bones fruits.

Fruits Lica

Fruits of lychee photo

This is an evergreen tree with a rounded thick crown. Sheet plate stretched with a pointed end.

The color is dark green. Curly leaves. The number of components of the leaves may be pairwise or unparalle.

The fruits are collected in large borders. Have dense skin of red or pink. Their surface is buggy. White flesh, very juicy and gentle. Sweet taste with small sourness.

There is a lightweight tartness. A large bone, brown with a smooth glossy surface, is easily separated.

The height of the adult on average tree reaches 25 meters, and in some cases it can exceed them.

The yield is 75-140 kg of fruits from one tree. The first fruiting occurs already 4-6 years after planting seedlings in open ground. The tree develops slowly, so its productivity is growing gradually.

As an agricultural culture, lychee are grown in tropical and subtropical countries. In the regions with frying and dry climate, lychee gives the greatest crop. With increased humidity, the productivity of this culture is significantly reduced.

Ripen fruits in natural conditions for 120-140 day after flowering. This is usually the third decade of May or the first decade of June. Fruits are removed from the tree cluster. This allows you to extend their shelf life and improve transportability.

When growing on the open soil, grafted seedlings are planted. Seedlings from bone weak, very long developing and the first fruiting on them is possible only after 9-11 years.

Young villagers village

Young tree lychee photo

In other climatic belts, lychee is grown as a decorative culture. Typically, a frame method is used for this.

The height of the adult tree in such conditions does not exceed 3.5 meters. With such cultivation, the Chinese plum can be multiplied with a growing way and grow a bone tree.

Regardless of the process of cultivation, lico need careful care. Only when complying with all the conditions of the agrotechnology, the tree gives a good harvest, and also has a thick green crown. It is represents a special value for landscape design or to decorate the room.

How are the fruits of lychee, their benefits and harm

Ripe fruits of Chinese plums are used as an independent dessert and as the ingredient of various dishes. They are applied not only in cooking, but also in the preparation of traditional medicine.

Also on their basis, various cosmetic products for skin care are manufactured.

The most famous product that is made of fruits is Chinese wine. There are also many candy recipes based on them. Such sweets are very similar to thick jelly or marmalade.

Mature fruits are consumed in a fresh form. Sweet desserts and drinks, jams and confitures are preparing. The pulp is used as a filling for confectionery.

Thanks to the velvet acid taste, the lychee is often added to meat and fish dishes. They are based on sauces and refueling.

Fresh pulp is often added to alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. She gives them a unique original taste and aroma.

Seedlings lycha

Seedlings lychee (photo)

A large bone is also used as seasonings. It is added to the oil when frying vegetables, meat, fish or seafood.

The crude bone is not used in food, as in this form it is poisonous for a person.

Fresh lychee can only be after full maturation of the fetus. Fruits should not have external changes in the form of the color of the peel and disruption of its integrity.

Submool and damaged fruits can cause food poisoning. It is also not recommended to eat this fruit on an empty stomach.

Dried fruits can also be used as an independent product or as an ingredient of a complex dish.

In this form, fruits are called nut. Their dried pulp is well behind the skin and bones. They have a rich aroma and taste.

Fruits of lychee are not only delicious, but very useful. Regular use of them contributes:

  • Reducing cholesterol levels
  • Improving the functionality of the cardiovascular system
  • Normalization of digestive organs
  • Prevention atherosclerosis
  • Increased libido
  • Lower weight
  • Normalization of blood glucose
  • Ensuring excess fluid

Naturopaths often use this fruit in the treatment of lung diseases, kidney and liver.

In alternative medicine, not only the fruits of wood are used to prepare medicines. Based on its rhizomes, bark and leaves are preparing healing decoction for the treatment of various pathologies.

The fruits are also recommended to include in the dietary diet. They contain few calories and at the same time organism is quickly saturated. In addition, just a few fruits per day allow you to fill the vitamin deficit.

A special toning and antioxidant effect has tea with the addition of dried skin of fruits. Its light citrus fragrance gives special freshness.

Lat. Litchi.

Lat. Litchi photo

Fruit masks with the addition of pulp poles allow you to fill the skin micro and macroelements.

This contributes to the improvement of its tone and rejuvenation. Also well cleans the skin of the face Lotion based on ripe fruits.

Fruits of lychee practically do not have contraindications to use. In some cases, they can cause an allergic reaction.

Therefore, it is recommended to consume them to use people with increased sensitivity to fruit and children in large quantities.

How to grow lidchi bone

Lica - how to grow home from the bone? Many gardeners and flowerflowers grow bone plants. It is quite possible to grow lychee in this way, but this will require a lot of time and most importantly patience.

Only high-quality lychee seeds are suitable for landing. Mainly use large bones from the fetus.

They should be the right shape, smooth with a small gloss. Clear and deformed seeds are not suitable.

For landing, the bones are neatly removed from the pulp and washed with warm water. They are planted into the ground immediately after receiving. It is impossible to postpone the landing, since in just a few days, the seeds lose their germination.

Special preliminary preparation disembarking seeds does not require. For bone landing, it is necessary:

Prepare a container. It can be cups for seedling or flowerpads. It is important that the tanks are from natural material and with drainage holes.

Use glass vases and containers from polymeric materials is not recommended. In them, the bone can quickly bend.

Fill the vase. At the bottom it is desirable to pour a layer of drainage: clamzit, foam, pebbles. The layer of the land mixture is embanked on top. It can be purchased at the Garden Store.

The mixture of peat and chernozem is best suited. The soil must be acidic and enriched with organic substances.

Ripening of fruit of lychee

Plant lychee photo

Moisturize the soil. To do this, from the watering can be abundantly pouring the soil and wait until excess water stands through drainage holes.

After the capacity is prepared, the bone of lychee is planted. The depth of planting is no more than three centimeters. It is not necessary to pour it tightly. The layer of 1-1.5 cm will be enough.

Some flowerflowers recommend a bone slightly split. Thus, it is possible to speed up its germination. But if there are no special skills, it is better not to risk and planting a whole bone.

Polyethylene film is stretched over the vase. It should fit tightly to the edges. The container is placed in a warm place. But it is impossible to put it on the direct sunlight. After 15-20 days, a sprout should appear.

If there are several bones of an exotic fruit, they can be planted into one vase. Such landing does not affect their germination.

After the seeds are sprouting, the film must be removed. Further development of the plant depends solely from care.

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Yulia Yuryevna

I have a large garden and garden, several greenhouses. I love modern techniques plant cultivation and soil mulch Share experience.

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How grows Litchi Houses on the windowsill? According to the reviews of many gardeners, the described culture can be used in the window. The main thing is to initially choose juicy, ripe fruits. The peel should be red, and the flesh is ripe and translucent. Seeds Litchi You can immediately plant, or hold a few days in wet fabric or marle. It is important that the place where such a blank was warm. When seeds are swollen in 5-7 days, it is possible to land. Prepared soil is better to disinfect. For this, the already cooked substrate is roasting in the oven or watered a mortar solution. Moisturize the soil is better with the help of a diffuser, moisture should be slightly warm. We recommend landing several plants Litchi . Then the chances of successful germination and cultivation will be higher. It will germinate only if we provide a temperature of 25-29 degrees. It is important that the soil was constantly slightly wet. Although the shelter of the film increases the likelihood of the appearance of sprout, it is necessary to air landing every day and check whether moisturizing is required. Plant need a lot of light. Most likely, for normal development Litchi It will take use phytolampa . At first, it is important to provide good lighting. But, burns may form burns from direct sunlight. For this reason, we recommend pre-prepare a protective screen in advance. To do this, you can fix a thin sheet of white paper on the glass, just before ROST Litchi . The young plant is very demanding at the temperature. Even in winter days it is important that it does not fall below 21 degrees.

How to care for lychee

In order to grow a strong and healthy plant, it is necessary to care for him correctly. Licacy care is similar to standard care for fruit trees. It lies in:

  • Watering
  • Subordinate
  • Crane formation
  • The soil looser
  • Compliance with light and temperature regime

After germination of the bone of lychee begins to increase quickly in size. But a few weeks later, the growth rate decreases noticeably. During this period, the root system is strengthened.

Mandatory condition for good crop is high-quality care

Vintage with good care (photo)

After the lychee will grow by 20-25 cm it must be transplanted into a more spacious pot.

Next, the transplant is carried out as the plant grows. With each transplant, the vase with a diameter of 5-7 cm more than the previous one is selected.

Special attention in the cultivation of lychee must be removed watering and humidity. The plant does not tolerate droughts, but the convergence also does not like. Therefore, it is recommended to moisten the soil as needed.

Twice a day should be sprayed with a spray with clean water from the sprayer. For irrigation, the accumulated water temperature is used.

Lighting also plays an important role. Lychee requires at least 12 hours of daylight per day.

The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight. Best of all, windows on the east side are suitable for its cultivation. In the autumn and winter season, when the day day becomes shorter, an additional backlight is required for lychee. Plant put under daylight lamps.

The development of lychee directly depends on the composition of the soil. This culture requires regular fertilizer. The first feeding is carried out not earlier than three months after landing. Special fertilizers are used in the composition of which are organic and mineral supplements.

Trimming lychee is carried out for the first two years. This allows you to form a crown of the necessary form. Next, sanitary trimming is carried out if necessary.

Flowering lichu

Flowering lichu

To improve the soil aeration, regular jams are carried out. The depth of loosening is small, since the roots of the plant are located in the upper layer of the soil. This manipulation contributes to the best development of the young tre.

Lico refers to thermal-loving cultures. Therefore, it is possible to grow it on the open soil exclusively in the tropical climate.

If there are no such conditions, the fruiting tree can be grown in a greenhouse. The rate of fruiting in such conditions increases significantly.

Growing the lychee as a decorative culture to observe the temperature regime is also necessary.

In the summer season, it is necessary to withstand the temperature in the range of 25-30 degrees. You can not put vases under the sun. Also, the plant does not like cold winds and drafts.

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Yulia Yuryevna

I have a large garden and garden, several greenhouses. I love modern techniques plant cultivation and soil mulch Share experience.

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In addition to the estimated moisture for watering, filtered or thawed water is also suitable. The main thing is that there are harmful water impurities, such as chlorine. This raptber is quite spoken by watering into the pallet. If there is no possibility to regularly spray the culture, it is worth starting a stationary humidifier. This is especially true in winter, when most domestic flowers suffer from dry and hot air due to radiators and batteries. From the second year of life, culture must be fed. We recommend using complex mineral tools. It also reacts with a plant on the organic, but it should be in a weak concentration. In addition, before and after flowering, it is better to feed the culture of potassium and phosphorus. Do not make too many nitrogen-containing funds. This can provoke softening and rhizome disease. At the same time, potassium increases the immunity of the plant. If noted that Litchi Began to recruit buds, you can pour it with a solution of boric acid. For this, the dry matter must be dissolved at a concentration of 2 grams per 10 liters of water. From pests at home, spider tied cells, aphid, shields, milders, bells, whiteflies are possible. So as this did not happen recommend to keep new plants in quarantine not Less than a month, inspect their pets, maintain optimal humidity. When infected can be used AKTELLIK .

While watching the video, you will learn about the cultivation of lychee.

To grow independently at home, the fruiting village of Lychee is quite difficult. In artificial conditions, this culture can give the first fruits after several decades.

But getting a beautiful decorative plant is really possible. Such a tree will be the original designer decoration of any room.

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Fruit

Lychee - the plant is unusual and fairly exotic, so many people have never seen and have not tried it. They cannot imagine that even the cultivation of lychee at home from the bones can be affordable, as well as other exotic fruits. There are a lot of lovers gardeners managed to prove that the plant is easily carred on the windowsill, it even gives delicious fruits. In order for the lychee, everyone has surprisingly, it is worth dealing with how to care for the tree, to remove pests and treat diseases.

Where and how does lychee grow?

Fruits of lychee usually small sizes

Fruits of lychee usually small sizes

Before organizing the cultivation of lychee at home from the bones, it is necessary to figure out what is this fruit. In nature, it is an evergreen huge tree, which grows not lower than ten or even thirty meters.

A tree, an empty crown of which is sleeping with small fruits, has several items:

  • Chinese plum or cherry;
  • Grapes from the Paradise Garden;
  • love fruit;
  • Lisi or Lidji.

This plant in nature is found only in Asia, and more specifically, in the DPRK and Thailand, refers to the Sapin family. It can be cultivated in the context of the European climate, but at home it grows not higher than two and a half meters.

The tree is coming up if it is planted at the solar place and thoroughly protect from frost and dry winds.

It is worth tune in to the fact that behind the plant will have to carefully care for, otherwise cracks will appear on its trunk, and the foliage will fall to the ground. The plant has large thick sheets with a certain oblongation, which are painted in a dark green color and have interesting embossed.

Positive sides of lychee fruits

Fruits appear on the tree, resembling an egg with a diameter of four centimeters or a small elongated plum. The highlight of the lychee is considered to be the peel and tender pulp, which resembles grape or plum juice to taste.

The cultivation of lychee is necessary, since there is undoubted benefits from this fruit, because under his skin there are:

  • folic acid;
  • vitamin C;
  • pectin;
  • fructose;
  • glucose;
  • potassium;
  • iron;
  • phosphorus;
  • The whole spectrum of vitamins.

Lychee is useful for those who observe the diet, because in a hundred grams of fruit pulp are sixty-six kilocalories. Exotic lychee can be eaten at any time of the day fresh or in the form of jams, compotes. This heavenly fruit will help to normalize the gastrointestinal tract, the work of the heart, the patency of blood vessels and the disturbed metabolism.

How to make a plant care?

In order for the cultivation of lychee at home with the help of dosing bone brought only joy, it is necessary to observe a number of necessary conditions. Be sure to create a fruit plant the optimal temperature in the room, the correct irrigation mode, the carefully thought out composition of the planting soil.

Grow exotic at home is real only if you get high-quality planting material. It is possible if you buy a ripe fruit of lychee, carefully separate the bone from the pulp and rinse it thoroughly in warm water.

Licacy bones

Licacy bones

At home will have to instantly omit the grain into the prepared land so that microbes do not fit on it. In addition, the bone in five to ten minutes already loses its germination, so it is better to purchase several ripe fruits to increase the number of planting material.

When preparing the soil, do not forget about some rules:

  • It is necessary to make a hole for drainage in which the extra liquid will be given;
  • Place a pot on the bottom of 1 \ 4 drainage, which consists of red brick fragments and clay;
  • The soil substrate should not consist of the usual soil with flower beds, but from peat mixture and soil (1: 2);
  • One should never block bones stronger than a centimeter;
  • Abundant watering of the indentioned water temperature are required.

When the bone is already placed in a pot of earth, it should be covered with a thick cellophane, creating a greenhouse effect. It is worth remembering that the film should be gently lifted to ventilating and moisturize.

The emergence of the first shoots of lychee

The appearance of the first sprouts of lychee

In a warm place, it is necessary to keep the container until green shoots appear on the surface of the earth, and then the first leaves. As soon as in twenty-one day, powerful shoots will appear from the soil layer, the film is removed at all to provide the fetus the opportunity to grow and develop more actively.

From the end of the spring and before the beginning of autumn, the village of Lichki should actively grow in the right temperature mode, which should not rise to thirty-five degrees during growth.

It is necessary to remove weak plants, and then make a pickup in bulk containers in which they will grow. From September and to the end of February, it is at rest, so all biological processes practically die in it. When shootouts of the lychee will rise higher than twenty centimeters, the root system of the plant will begin to develop.

What loves and does not tolerate the plant?

Tree lychee in a house pot

Tree lychee in a house pot

Even the most comfortable home conditions will not be able to recreate the conditions of China or Thailand, but you can try to make the life of the plant more familiar. Paradise apple will be happy to settle in a spacious pot on the solar window sill in the house, that is, from south or west.

If you do not protect the young village of lychee from the straight rays of the sun, then his sheets will cover burns. In the winter period, the fruit tree lacks light and heat, so daylight lamps that can extend the day day for 15 hours are mounted over the place of its growth.

The lychee tree does not tolerate:

  • drafts;
  • low air humidity;
  • strong convergence;
  • drought;
  • Lack of cold water.

If the tree is grown at home, it will not independently create its own crown, so it should be carefully and periodically removed dried branches. The kidneys for flowering are formed only if the air temperature is fifteen degrees of heat.

Furinations of lychee from the bones are not required in the first year after landing, but from the second year, mineral liquid drugs should be added, which are made in the soil not more than 30-90 days.

Lychee, with proper care, it turns out only after forty-eight months. So that the fruits appeared regularly, they will have to be collected immediately after they mature, but do not surp. Perevani lychee becomes tasteless, losing their fragrance, and they darkens their flesh.

What if the lychee does not grow?

So that the cultivation of lychee brings joy, you will have to work seriously. Pests often appear on the branches of the tree, with which you need to fight in time, in their number the shield, tick of a paw-style type, so-called. To remove parasites from a lychee, part of the ground will have to be carefully treated with a sponge with a solution of liquid soap, and then rinse in ten minutes.

If everything is done according to the rules, the pests die, but otherwise they will have to resort to the help of professional insecticides. It is strictly forbidden to apply similar stores when flowers or fruits appeared on the lychee.

If the plant ceases to grow, it should be added to the pot with him from under adult lychee, but it is hard to do it because it is not always available. Paradise apple will never fully grow, if there is no mikoriz in the soil, that is, a special symbiotic type mushroom. This mushroom can help lychee to form microwaves around the root so that it can eat fully. It can be purchased in a specialized store or carry out the subtles from the pots of coniferous or citrus crops.

It is strictly forbidden to calculate the acquired soil layer, because the useful disputes of the fungi required for symbiosis can be killed.

If shoots do not grow, it will have to add vermiculite into the soil at the rate of two to one, which ensures active growth. If you want to get a low tree, but with an improved perspective (the number and quality of oval leaves), then it will be better to take the soil from under the old pine.

Why yellow leaves of the plant?

Fading lychee

Fading lychee

Lychee is a tree that is green all year round even at home, so a person should alert the yellowing of even one leaflet. You can never pour mineral feeding under plants that are infected with parasites or sick.

The leaves will be massively yellowed, rust and fall, if the roots of the plants are missing due to abundant irrigation. We should not allow the water to be so much that it is stared in the pallet, as it is useful only if the air temperature is too high.

The paradise apple is too sensitive to the salt composition of the soil layer, therefore shows yellow leaves that often boil and fall. The problem may be in a lack of daylight in winter, low air humidity and low room temperature.

Most gardeners say that lychee is an exotic plant and incredibly capricious. His roots are longer than two times in two times, so they can not be oversaturated with water and overheat, because foliage will be boiled or covered with yellow spots.

If the evergreen plant is maintained correctly, then on the third year it will delight with delicious and fragrant fruits. Do not worry if the fruit gardener did not wait, because an exotic tree looks very attractive in the apartment.

Fruit tree of lychee (Litchi Chinensis), another Chinese person, is a representative of the Sapind family. It is also referred to as Lisi, Chinese plum, Lidji or Lysze. There are documentary evidence that in China, such a plant was grown in the second century to our era. To date, such a plant is cultivated in all countries of Southeast Asia. Juan Gonzalez de Medoza wrote that this fruit is similar to the drain, he does not burden the stomach, and it can be eaten in any volume, it was because of this he called such a plant "Chinese drain". The French botanist Pierre Sonner, who traveled in China and Southeast Asia, was taken to the territory of Europe. It happened in the 18th century.

Fruit of lychee is used in food canned either in the fresh form, it is used to prepare jelly, ice cream and other desserts, and also the traditional Chinese wine is prepared from it.

Features of lychee

Litchi

Lychee is an evergreen tree, it has an empty crown. Such a tree growing in natural conditions, in height can reach 10-30 meters. The composition of complex centered leaf plates includes from 4 to 8 sheet plates extended-oval or lanceal form with a pointed top. The front surface of the plates is dark green and shiny, and the wrong - pale gray. The magnificent umbrella inflorescences in length reach 0.7 m, they consist of flowers that do not have petals, and consisting only of cups of pale yellow or light green colors. The inflorescence includes a large number of flowers, but the fruits are developing no more than 15 barriers from all, while the remaining die. The length of the fruit of the coated red coated red can vary from 25 to 40 mm, there are many sharp tubercles on the surface. Inside fruits there is a jelly flesh of a light color and sweet taste, it moves away from the peel very easily and has a slightly tangible wine flavor. In the center of the fruit there is a dark brown bone of oval shape. In the tropics of lychee, ripening fruit is observed in May or June.

Child Cultivation

Child Cultivation

In middle latitudes, lico is considered a riche plant, in this connection, it is quite difficult to buy seedlings of such a culture in the garden pavilion. However, to grow such a tree from the bone can be tried in room conditions. To do this, purchase a ripe fruit, which has a strong smell, translucent juicy flesh and peel red. The bone must be removed from the pulp, it is wrapped in a moistened gauze or a fabric. For 7 days, it is necessary to ensure that the wrapper all the time was slightly humid.

In the swollen bone, it is necessary to remove the fabric, after which they produce its landing in the pot, at the bottom of which there is a drain hole. At the bottom of the pot to begin with, you need to lay out the drainage layer from the ceramzit, after which it is filled with flower soil. Blowing the bone into the substrate is only 20 mm. When disembarking several stones, the chances of the fact that a seedman will appear, increase several times. When the bone is planted, the substrate in the tank must be moistened with heat water. It should be germinated at a temperature of from 25 to 30 degrees, it is very important to ensure that the substrate in the pot is constantly a bit wet. The first seedlings should seem approximately 7-30 days, but it can happen and later.

After the seedlings showing the first leafy plates of light red color, the container must be rearranged on the sunny window sill, while the plant should be protected from direct rays of the sun. The plants transplant in a larger pot are produced during the formation of 4 or 5 sheet plates. So that the seedlings develop normally, they will need a long daylight, not less than 12 hours. The air temperature in the room throughout the year should not fall below 20 degrees.

Licacy care at home

Licacy care at home

How to water

Lychee is a tropical moisture-loving plant, in connection with this, young bush must be sure to moisten from the sprayer with a boiled or filtered water from the sprayer. Watering the plant should be moderately and systematically, for this you need to use the filtered or estimated for two days, while it should be room temperature. Experienced flowers advise, use the lower irrigation, for this you need to pour regularly in the pallet.

It is necessary to water the bush in such a way that it does not suffer from a lack of either the rebupping of moisture in the root system. At the same time in the room there must be increased air humidity.

Fertilizer

The first feeding of the lychee should be made 3 months after the seedman appears. After that, the feeding stops until the Tsechnya turns at least 1 year. Starting from the second year of life, the feeders are carried out 1 or 2 times in 4 weeks, for this, a solution of complex mineral fertilizers in moderate concentration is used. Also, organic fertilizers can also be used to feed lychee, for example, a cowboy solution is well suited (1:15). Thanks to the feeding, the formation of buds is improved, and stimulation of cooks to fruiting is observed.

Trimming

Such a plant is slowly growing, so it is very rare to trim it. During the first 2 years, you need to study the formation of the crown of the plant. After that, the form you only need to support, for this systematically shorting excessively long stems. If there has been a lot of time, and there are no fruits on the tree, it should not be upset, because anyway, such an exotic tree is rare enough.

Diseases

Lychee has quite high resistance to diseases. Completely sick can only in the event that it is not careful for him. If you watered the bushes too abundantly, because of this, rotting can appear on the root system. If the plant will not have enough water, it will become sluggish and will begin to chill. Having secured the right care, you can protect it from all diseases.

Pest

Such culture also has high resistance to pests. However, by a bush from other indoor colors can be moved by sputum pliers, whiteflies, milders, cherrysia, threshing, thrips or shields. In this regard, the plant needs a systematic careful inspection if pests or signs of their stay will be seen on it, then try to proceed to destroy them immediately. For this, the affected plant should be sprayed with acaricide or insecticide, while the solution must be prepared necessarily in accordance with the instructions available on the package.

Types and varieties of lychee

Types and varieties of lychee

Large varieties and hybrids were derived quite large amounts, but such a plant is widespread only in Asia. The following cultivars are most popular:

  1. Green hanging . The tree is covered with leafy plates of pale green color. On the surface of the fruit there is a barely distinguishable strip of green. Fruits remain fresh and do not lose their taste even after three days after the peel is removed from them.
  2. Adhesive rice balls . A dense pulp in such fruits has a sweet honey taste. They are covered with a red leather on which there are no tubercles. The bone in such fruits is much smaller in comparison with other varieties or it is not at all.
  3. Sweet Osmanthus . Sweet fruits have the aroma of Osmantus. They are covered with a strongly buggy skin of a saturated red color.
  4. Green Yatu . On the peel of fruit there is a grip of a dark green color.
  5. Black sheet . This variety is early. Fruits fleshy, their covers the peel, emitting juice, similar to the ink of red.
  6. May red . This variety is the earliest. The collection of fruits is already produced in May.
  7. Smile concubine . This variety is very ancient and early. Fruits and peel, which they are covered, highlight red juice.

Fruit Properties Licacy: Harm and Use

Properties of Fruit Lica

Beneficial features

The composition of lychee fruit includes many substances useful for the human body, for example: vitamins E, K, C, H, PP and B (B1, B3, B6), magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iodine, manganese, zinc, selenium, Iron, calcium, potassium, pectins and organic acids. In Eastern medicine, such fruits use such fruits to normalize sugar levels in diabetes, improve the activity of the liver, kidney and lungs, and they also help with the treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis. With cardiovascular diseases, it is also recommended that there are lycheles, because the pulp of fruit contains potassium. They are also very useful to use with a high blood cholesterol in the blood, with anemia, with disorders of the intestinal operation and in the diseases of the pancreas. Such fruits in Hindu medicine are considered an aphrodisiac, which improves male strength and sexual attraction.

Contraindications

Fruits of lychee are contraindicated only to those who have individual intolerance. There are no other contraindications in such fruits. However, non-freight fruits having a dark color peel cannot be, because they are able to cause intestinal disorder.

Lychee: growing and beneficial properties of fruit

Author: Natalia. Category: Houseplants Published: Recent Edits:

Cultivation of lychee at homeLychee (lat. Litchi chinensis), or Persons Chinese - The plant of the Sapind family family, which is also called Lidji, Lisi, Lisie or Chinese Drug. There are documentary evidence that in China, this fruit tree cultivated already in the II century BC, and at present, it is raised in all countries of Southeast Asia. Juan Gonzalez de Mendoza wrote that Fruit Lychee resembles a plum that is not burdened with the stomach, and can go in any quantities, so he called this culture in Chinese plum ..0v. Licacy brought French Botanist Pierre Sonner from his journey in Southeast Asia and China . It was in the XVIII century. How do they eat lychee? These fruits are good in fresh and canned form, they prepare ice cream, jelly and other desserts, and also make traditional Chinese wine. We will tell you how to grow lidchi from the bone at home, as well as what is the benefits or harm of lychee.

Landing and caring for lychee

  • Lighting: Light day is about 12 hours. We need a bright scattered light of Western or Eastern window sills.
  • Temperature: All year round is not lower than 20 ˚C.
  • Watering: Regular, moderate, it is best to water through the pallet.
  • Feeding: From the second year of life - 1-2 times a month with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer in half dosage or weak solutions of organic fertilizers.
  • Pruning: As needed at the beginning of the season of vegetation.
  • Reproduction: At home only by seeds (bones).
  • Pests: TLL, COLUTING MODES, TRIPS, BLACKS, PLAYS, OR MUCHNY CHERVETS.
  • Diseases: Rinker roots.
  • Properties: The fruits of the plant are considered medicinal and widely used in folk Chinese medicine.

Details about the cultivation of lychee Read below

Botanical description

Lychee is an evergreen tree with an empty crown, in vivo, reaching in a height from 10 to 30 m. It has complex, pouring leaves, consisting of 4-8 lanceal or elongated egg-shaped leaves with an acute tip. The surface of the leaflets glossy, dark green, and the bottom side is grayish. Flowers collected in lush umbrellas up to 70 cm long, do not have petals and consist of a greenish or yellowish cup. Typically, no more than 15 barriers are developing from numerous flowering flowers, and the rest are tremendous. Fruits of lych-length from 2.5 to 4 cm are covered in red peel, covered with numerous sharp tubercles. Inside the fetus is a bright jelly-like sweet pulp, which easily departs from the peel and has a barely tangible wine flavor. In the middle of the fetus there is an oval dark brown bone. In the tropics, litchi fruits ripen in May or June.

Child Cultivation

Growing conditions

In our latitudes, lychee is a riche plant, so it is difficult to buy in the garden pavilion. But you can try to grow a bone from the bone on your windowsill. To do this, it is necessary to buy ripe (with a strong aroma, in a red peel and with a juicy translucent pulp) Fruits of lychee, separate the bone from the pulp, wrap the seed with a damp cloth or gauze and keep it in it during the week, keeping the wrapper in a wet state.

Cultivation of lychee at homeIn the photo: Tree branch of lychee with berries

The swollen seed is released from the fabric and plant in a pot with drainage holes, at the bottom of which first lay the layer of clay, and then flower soil. Bone sealing depth - 2 cm. If you put a few seeds, it will increase your chances of success. After landing, the soil in the pot is watered by non-cooling water. Seedly germinate at a temperature of 25-30 ºC, while the soil must be slightly humid. The appearance of sprouts can be expected in 1-4 weeks, but they may appear later.

As soon as the first reddish sheets of lychee are unfolded, the pot is installed on a well-light windowsill, sticking a plant from direct sunlight, and in the stage of development 4-5 of the present leaves, seedlings are transplanted into a large container. Keep in mind that the normal development of lychee requires a twelve-hour light day. As for the air temperature in the room, even in winter it should be no less than 20 ºC.

Licacy care at home

Watering

Lico is a moisture-loving tropical plant, so seedlings are sprayed twice a day with boiled or filtered water from the sprayer. Watering the substrate should be regular, but moderate. To moisturize the substrate, also use the water temperature passed through the filter or resistant within two days. It is convenient to moisturize soil in a pot, pouring water into the pallet. Develop such a watering mode so that the plant does not suffer from a lack, nor from excess moisture in the roots, and all the time maintain an increased air humidity in the room.

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Podkord

The first time the substrate in the pot is fertilizes three months after the appearance of germs, and then the feeding is not made until the plant becomes at least a year. From the second year of life, lychee feed 1-2 times a month with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers in moderate concentration. A plant and organic feeders in the form of a korovak solution (1:15) speaks well. The fertilizers contributed to the substrate contribute to the formation of buds and stimulate the plant to fruiting.

Trimming

Lychee grows slowly, so in frequent trimming does not need. You will need only in the first two years of life to form a crown of a tree, and then maintain her shape, shorting too long shoots. Even if the tree is not fruit, do not be mistaken: in the end, not every amateur flower has such an attractive exotic plant in the house.

Pests and diseases

Diseases and their treatment

Lychee at home is rarely affected by diseases. The plants may occur as a result of insufficient or improper care. For example, due to excessive irrigation, the roots of the plant can be started, and in case of insufficient moisture, the lychee will begin to chill and fad. Observe our recommendations, and your tree will never be sick.

Litch landing at home and careIn the photo: Lychee branch with berries

Pest and fight against them

To the pests of lychee is also stable, but if there is a wave, spider mites, trips, whiteflies, shields or milders, they can move onto the lychee on some indoor plants. Therefore, we regularly examine your plant collection and at the very first symptoms of infection with one or another pest, take action immediately: process the occupied plant with a solution of an insecticidal or acaricidal preparation prepared in accordance with the instructions.

Types and varieties

Breakingers brought many varieties and hybrids of lychee, but this culture is widely grown in Asia. The most famous cultivars of the plant are:

  • Green hanging - A tree with light green leaves, on the fruits of which the green strip is barely noticeable. Fruits do not lose their freshness and taste, even three days after removing the peel from them;
  • Adhesive rice balls - The fruits of this variety have a dense and sweet pulp with a taste of honey, on them a red peel without tubercles, and the seed is much smaller than the fruit of other varieties, or it is not at all;
  • Sweet Osmanthus - grade with sweet fruits having the smell of Osmantus, in bright red and very hoody peel;
  • Green Yatu - This variety of peeling fruits is covered with dark green grip;
  • Black sheet - Early variety of fleshy fruits, whose peel is distinguished by juice similar to red ink;
  • May red - the earliest grade, the crop of fruits of which they collect in May;
  • Smile concubine - the oldest grade of early ripening. The fruits and rose of the plant are isolated red juice.
Licacy berries - harm and benefitIn the photo: Licacy berries - a healthy fruit

Licacy properties - harm and benefits

Beneficial features

Fruits Lychi contain useful substances useful for the human body: Vitamins E, K, C, H, PP and Group B (B1, B3, B6), Magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iodine, manganese, zinc, selenium, iron, calcium, potassium, Pectins and organic acids.

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Eastern medicine applies lychee fruits to normalize sugar levels in diabetes, treatment and prevention of atherosclerosis, improving the work of the kidneys, liver and lungs. People with cardiovascular diseases show the use of lychee fruit, as they contain potassium in their pulp. The benefits of lychee under anemia, a high level of cholesterol in the blood, diseases of the pancreas and intestinal disorders are also proved. In Hindu medicine, the Fruits of Lichki are considered an aphrodisiac that enhances sexual attraction and male strength.

Contraindications

Fruits of lychee are contraindicated only those who have found their individual intolerance. All the rest they bring only benefits, but non-baking fruit with dark skin can cause intestinal disorder.

Literature

  1. Read on the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Sapindova
  3. List of all kinds on THE PLANT LIST.
  4. Additional Information on WORLD FLORA ONLINE
  5. Information pro Houseplants

Sections: Indoor Plants Plants on L Exotic Fruit Sapind

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how to grow lidchi boneFor those who are worried about the main question - immediately give the answer: grow lidchi from the bone at home is quite real. You only need to use my detailed instructions!

The article tells how to grow lidter from the bone, how to properly care for a saplress and what to do to get delicious fruits.

In the middle strip, the cultivation of lychee is only gaining popularity among gardeners.

You can find a seedling in separate specialized nurseries. Therefore, many lovers successfully grow it independently.

Licacy in natural nature

Natural Wiring Places - Southeast Region of China, India, Countries of Southeast Asia and Africa. The most favorable plant is a dry subtropical climate with soft winter. In the conditions of tropics, the tree grows well, but ceases to give fruit.

In nature, the height of the wood tree can reach 15 meters. There are instances and up to 30 meters long. In the conditions of the apartment, the growth of lychee is limited to the size of the pot. As a rule, the plant grows no higher than 2 meters.

Flowering lychee begins for 7-8 years. White flowers without petals are collected in inflorescences in the form of blizzard, having a gentle subtle fragrance.

Fruits of lychee are covered with a thin dense shell of pink color. Flesh - jelly-like, white color. It has a sour-sweet taste, resembling the taste of currant and strawberries at the same time. For fruits, cross-pollination is needed.

Preparation of materials

To get the desired result, you need to prepare the necessary materials for planting plants in advance.

How to choose sowing material

When choosing fruit, it is important to choose ripe fruit without dark spots on the peel, dents and signs of mold.

How to choose a lychee for landingLicacy Choice for Landing

Helpful information

Daria Vorontsova

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

Lychee - product perishable. Therefore, the extracted bones are not recommended to store. It is better to buy and extract seeds no earlier than 5-6 days before landing.

It is recommended to plant a few bones at the same time. Subsequently, they leave 1-2 strongest and strong seedlings.

How to prepare a bone

The extracted bone was washed from pulp residues and soaked for 24 hours in a weak solution of manganese. You don't need to dry the bone and open the peel.

Washed bones of lycheeLicacy bones in a mortgage solution

How to choose primer

For lychee, light loose soil with plenty of nutrients is best suited. It is allowed to grow a plant in a universal soil or a mixture of soil and peat in proportions 1: 2.

Well affects the immunity and development of the plant, adding miticultural drugs to the soil. They contain fungal cultures. Thanks to the symbiosis of plants and fungi, the root system is better absorbing nutrients from the soil.

Growing to grow lychee

Locking bones in gardening land is not recommended due to the high probability to infect the plant with fungal and viral diseases.

What a container will suit

Like all tropical lychee plants are characterized by the active growth of the root system. Therefore, it is better to take small pots of at least 300 ml to dry out seeds.

Capacity for growing lychee

Landing into small pots or plastic cups will lead to the fact that the plants will have to transplanted ahead of time, which can damage tender seedlings.

Rules landing Lica

Do I need to germinate a bone in advance

The prepared bone can be germinated in two ways:

Sticking Lichk ChokesStripping Licacy Bones in Substrate

For the first option, you will need clean x / b fabric and shallow container. Prepared seeds wrapped the fabric into moistened water, placed in the container and removed into a warm place.

Seeds need to observe regularly. You can not allow the tissue drying. It is harmful to bones and oversupply of moisture.

As a rule, the first sprouts appear on 6-7 days after stitching the bone. To accelerate the process, the seeds with a solution of epine or zircon can be treated in advance.

In the second embodiment, the plant for landing is filled with a disinflected substrate. To do this, you can use coconut fiber, vermiculite or agroperlite. The substrate is moistened with water and on its surface lay a bone, slightly buried. Capacities are covered with cellophane and removed into a warm place. When using this method, we can expect the appearance of sprouts in 10-14 days.

What is the option of extinguishing bones of lychee you like more?

Soak In the substrate

Landing in sad

At the bottom of the tank, the drainage layer in 1/4 pot height is poured. Pull the prepared soil mixture.

Flower pot in cutLaches landing in soil

The sprouted bone is placed horizontally into the soil at a depth of 1.5 cm. The sprout is covered with cellophane or glass and placed on a sunny place.

Helpful information

Daria Vorontsova

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

If several seeds are germinated, the picking must be made as early as possible, since the root system is growing rapidly and intertwined.

Care rules

Lychee - the plant is unpretentious and feels quite well in the conditions of a regular apartment. It is only important to comply with certain rules when landing and leaving this tropical plant.

Watering

Lychee needs regular irrigation and irrigation. The regularity of watering depends on the ambient temperature. In hot and sunny weather, the plant is watered daily, without allowing the stagnation of moisture in the soil. In winter, the frequency of irrigation is reduced to 1 time in 2-3 days.

Watering a liter plant

The daily irrigation of foliage is well affected on the plant. Conduct spraying 2 times a day in the morning and in the evening.

Watering and irrigation are carried out with warm watering water. Cold water is destructive for lychee.

To maintain the optimal microclimate can be placed near the container with the plant humidifier.

Temperature mode

Temperature mode for lychee

Like most other plants, lychee does not like direct sunlight and drafts.

Set the container with a sapling better on the other side of the apartment, where the sun appears in the afternoon.

Lighting

Highlighting for lying in winter

Licacy tree - light-loving culture. Throughout a year, it is necessary to maintain a light day for at least 12 hours.

In winter, the plant is highlighted by phytolampa.

Podkord

The first feeder is carried out after the appearance of the Third Real Sheet. Phosphoric drugs are used as fertilizer.

Ten months later, re-feeding. This time the nitrogen fertilizers use.

In the future, the feeder produces 1 every two years in the summer period by potash-phosphate fertilizers. All feeders are introduced into the wet soil at the concentration of the specified manufacturer.

Transfer

Picking is produced when the first first real sheets appear. As a rule, this happens in the second week after the first germination. Sprouts are neatly separated from each other and searched on separate containers.

The first transplant is carried out when the plant reaches at least 30 cm in height and will have 6 real leaves.

When transplanted, the capacity is slightly larger in volume. The drainage layer is fully updated and the soil mixture. The roots of the plant carefully examine. Broken, with signs of rotting roes remove. You can flush the root system with a weak solution of manganese for the prevention of fungal diseases.

After the transplantation, the plant is watered with warm water and put on a light place, avoiding direct sunlight. The next transplant is carried out when the roots of the plant will take the entire volume of the pot.

Trimming

Experts are not recommended to be carried away by the trimming of the plant. Too frequent correction of the crown shape can lead to a violation of flowering processes.

Better limit to sanitary trimming. It includes the removal of patients and weak shoots, shortening too long branches. Such a procedure is best carried out in the winter.

Frequent care errors

The most common mistake of gardeners PI cultivation of lychee is an overabundance of moisture in the soil. Avoid getting the root system. If this happened, then save the plant will be very difficult. It is possible to determine the problem by the appearance of dark spots on the leaves and tree trunk.

Drying leaves indicate a lack of light or non-compliance with the temperature regime.

It often happens that young seedlings are not able to extract nutrients from the soil. Despite all the efforts of the gardener, they look pale and weak. It is possible to solve this problem by adding miticultural drugs to the soil. They can be added to the ground immediately before planting or to the already grown seedling. The table below shows a description of the most suitable drugs.

Name general description Using
KINFIX BRB-T16 Contains 4 strains of fungi species of glomeromycetes. Improves the composition of the soil, helps to strengthen the root system. Lay in the soil when planting a bone or used as a bastard feeding
Superchain Contains 7 strains of fungal species of glomeromycetes. Forms symbiosis with roots of lychee, produces antibiotics, protecting the plant from rot, improves root food. Lay into the ground under the bone, the root bookmark when transplanting the plant.
Glocladin Contains Triphoderma Mushroom strains. Improves the structure of the soil, promotes the development of the root system Bookmark into the ground into the roasting area of ​​the plant.

Diseases and pests

Lychee growing in room conditions is rarely exposed to the invasion of pests. Harmful insects can get on the plant together with a poorly treated soil or from a neighboring infected flower. Most often it is a wave, a web tick or akin. It is possible to notice their appearance in characteristic points, thin web and torn edges of the leaves.

aphid

Aphid

Cobed tick

Cobed tick

Bellenka

Bellenka

If traces of insect vital activity appeared on the plant, then, first of all, it is necessary to remove part of the pests mechanically. For this, the leaves and the barrel of the seedling are thoroughly wiped with a cotton cluster. After cleaning, the plant can be treated with one of the drugs:

sphere insect

Spark;

phytodemer

Phytodeter;

Insect tower

Tickless;

Means from insects Fufanon Nova

Fufanon Nova;

Tools from insects Bitokssibatsillin

Bitoksibatsillin.

Processing must be repeated at least 3 times with an interval of 5-7 days. To increase efficiency, each processing can be carried out to another drug.

Helpful information

Daria Vorontsova

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

Some pests, such as a web tick, can settle not only on the plant, but also next to him. Therefore, in addition to the infected plants, the neighboring flowers, the windowsill and space under it are also treated.

The most common lychee disease is fungal diseases. Their appearance is evidenced by gray and reddish spots on the leaves. The cause, as a rule, becomes a violation of watering mode.

If traces of fungal infection appeared on the plant, it must begin to be treated as soon as possible. The soil must be completely replaced. The seedling is treated with foundation or any other antifungal agents.

When waiting for a crop

Fruits LicaIn order to get the Fruits of Lichu, it is necessary to strictly observe the following conditions:

  • ambient temperature at least 28 0WITH;
  • Light day at least 15 hours a day;
  • compliance with watering mode;
  • Regular feeding.
  • For the appearance of fruits, it is necessary to independently pollinate the plant with a soft brush.

Flowering lychee begins with three years. And fruiting at home, as a rule, it comes only after 10 years.

You can speed up this process by vaccination with a kidney.

Interesting facts about lychee

  • Lychee is known since the time of the ancient China. The first mention of this plant was found in 2 millennia records BC. The fruits of this tree were considered a delicacy and were served on the table of the imperial yard.
  • Lychee is a strong aphrodisiac. In China, he is considered a symbol of love and romance.
  • LIFE LIFE LIBE LIFE can reach 1000 years.

Licacy benefits

The main value of lychee is low calorie content, high content of minerals and vitamins. Fruit contains a large amount of complex carbohydrates, fiber and pectins.

Useful properties of lychee

Lychee is rich in vitamin K, affecting the chopping system of blood. In large quantities it contains selenium, magnesium, zinc and iron.

Use in folk medicine

Lychee is widely used in Eastern medicine. Extracts of this fruit are part of many biological supplements. The regular use of lychee has multiple impact on the body:

  • Expands vessels, reduces cholesterol levels;
  • diuretic action;
  • reduces blood sugar levels;
  • antioxidant action;
  • improves the work of the stomach and intestines;
  • removes fatigue and nervous tension;
  • increases hemoglobin levels;
  • Strengthens sexual desire.

China is successfully used as a drug for weight loss and body cleansing.

Contraindications

Lychee contains hypoglycine capable of strongly reduced blood sugar and cause hypoglycemia. Therefore, fruit is contraindicated with diabetics, children under 3 years old. It is not recommended to eat the fruits of the lychee on an empty stomach.

The use of a large number of unreasonable or overripe fruits can cause poisoning.

Lychee is contraindicated in pregnant women, as it is capable of provoking miscarriages.

Lychee is a beautiful and unusual plant. Even if it is not possible to get fruit from it, it is still worth trying to grow lychee. Exotic tree will decorate any interior.

Article author

Gardener amateur. He is fond of growing various greenery at home.

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