The key place in any bath is covered. After all, it is she who is the source of that very couple, which brings us such great pleasure. And if you build a bath on your own, then it is extremely seriously taken to the issue of its manufacture. In fact, the stove in the bath is easily done and with your own hands, but only if you really know the nuances associated with this case. All this is in our step-by-step instructions with a lot of photos and videos, as well as ready-made drawings and projects.
Perhaps one of the most difficult options requiring not only a good reserve of patience and endurance, but also the knowledge of various subtleties when organizing a brickwork. In the advantages, it is very high-quality warming of even a large room. In other words, if you decide to make such a stove in the bath, then no one will definitely be cold, since brick It is thoroughly heating even the most secluded places in the steam room.
- At first, the foundation is erected - in height it should be no more than 2 standard bricks, small gravel and sand are mixed and poured into the prepared area;
- After the finished foundation is covered with rubberoid sheets and lay out the so-called starting series, which specialists are called zero - this is the basis that should be extremely even, so you need to carefully monitor this point with a level;
- We continue the masonry and build the first 2 rows - they ask the desired form of your oven, it is best to use refractory red brick for these purposes, it has excellent fire safety, and it is precisely in this lower level the temperature will reach a critical mark;
- Fix a dense asbotic sheet for the design of the ashtar and begin to stack the third row;
- When moving to a masonry of the fourth row, we first decorated a niche under the Kamenka - this will be the basis for the future coaching chamber, for this purpose it is best to choose not ordinary, and chammatory brick, since it has excellent refractory, do not forget about the lattice;
- The fifth row of masonry is sequentially extension of the coating with the design of the overlap of the heater, do not forget to leave a small compartment at the bottom - water will be flushed into it, in case its excessive appearance;
- As soon as you go on the seventh row, put stones and mounted the door for the fuel chamber;
- The next row allows us to issue the necessary channel, which will serve as a connecting element between directly with the furnace and heaters;
- Before you begin to carry out the masonry of the ninth row, lock the horizontal valve for the gas;
- During the execution of the masonry of the tenth row, it is safe to accompany the vertical valve, which will help split the chimney and the heater;
- We put a row of stones and cut out a steel sheet (thickness - at least 0.1 cm) - it will serve us with a lid for a furnace;
- All subsequent final rows are stacked in order to increase the future furnace and prepare its base under the planned pipe;
- Last bar - installation of pipe and tank for water.
All stages of construction stoves for a bath of bricks - in the photo. We also offer drawings that will help more accurately work if you do everything with your own hands.
It does not hurt and video. Moreover, its authors are already experienced specialists who a dog ate on the construction of stoves into the bath. Brick and not only.
Why in stoves for baths on firewood tank?
A common question that most often comes from newcomers. In fact, the design of this Water tank - This is a very convenient and rational way to use that tremendous heat reserve, which gives any Kamenka . The main thing is to determine its type. It directly depends on where you are going to place a water tank:
- Built-in - not very convenient for use, and therefore is rare enough;
- remote - modern and quite a practical option is not attached to some particular place, and therefore it can be carried at the most convenient point, depending on the location of the furnace and the configuration of the steam room;
- hinged - It is posted, as a rule, on a chimney pipe, it is distinguished by a large volume, water heats up incredibly quickly and protects the pipe from smoke leakage.
If you make a stove into a bath yourself, then the placement of water tank, especially if the furnace on firewood is considered a practically necessary condition.
Are you a motorist? Surely you have had a shabby old drives from the car. Do not hurry to throw them away - they are perfect for the manufacture of the stove. Especially if you do not want to mess with pipes. In order to make a stove from disks for a bath, it is best to choose the wheels from cars Cargo type :
- larger diameter;
- Thicker metal.
Accordingly, such an improvised oven will last much longer and can withstand very serious loads. But if only discs from the passenger car are at your disposal, it will not work a reliable oven for a full pair. Detailed manufacturing instructions - in the following video.
Along with old good chains in the go today also stoves for a metal bath. Unlike bricks, they are pretty quickly manufactured with their own hands, the benefit of the drawings and finished projects on the network are not reading. Of course, for a number of indicators, this option is inferior to a classic Russian furnace:
- cooled quickly;
- not completely safe;
- do not fit for big porchs;
- require many resources.
However, some minuses are easily eliminated by quite specific actions. For example, if you put a brick metal furnace for a bath, it will be better to maintain heat and provide more pleasant couples. Ultimately, the answer to the question of which stove is better for the bath depends on the size of your steam room, as well as from a number of other related factors:
- frequency of use;
- Your material opportunities;
- Plot features, etc.
We offer your detailed step-by-step instructions that will help with your own hands make a reliable stove for a metal bath. As the source material, take the usual pipe.
Preparing the foundation
- In the place where the placement of the furnace is planned, make a hole in a depth of 0.5 meters, the length and width can be brought to 0.7 meters;
- Approximately 0.3 meters, plump the prepared pit with a very small rubble and conduct a solid tambew;
- Prepare the cement composition at the rate of cement sand in a ratio of 1 to 4, dilute the mixture with water and fill it into crushed stone;
- During the day, the base will dry and acquire hardness - put on top of several sheets of rubberoid for reliable protection against moisture;
- Prepare a concrete composition of cement, sand, fine gravel and water in a ratio of 1: 2: 4 and fill on the rubberoid;
- Thoroughly align the base with the help level;
- After drying, place the brick platform approximately 0.7 meters wide and height;
- Also facilitate a protective brick screen up to 1.2 meters high - in the future the oven will be in close proximity to it, approximately 0.2 meters away.
Horizontal oven - step by step
- Prepare a pipe pipe with a length of 0.7-0.9 meters;
- Spend the scrupulous stripping of all edges;
- From the prepared metal sheet, cut a fragment with a size of 0.8 to 0.4 meters;
- To the way in the middle of the horizontally breeding rod, and at the bottom of the pipe - the grate;
- Subscribe from a metal sheet to the furnace of remote type and make cuts;
- weld this facade to the base tube;
- For decoration of the back wall, cut the circle equal to the diameter of the pipe, and weld it to the main structure;
- It is possible to make a hole for the chimney in the upper part - it will be enough and a small size, approximately 0.16x0.16 meters;
- weld the main arch and a pipe that will be used as a chimney;
- All that remains is to install the doors for the flue compartment and pondered;
- The finishing design is reduced to a thorough grinding of the entire housing, and after the processing of its paint resistant on a polymer basis.
Vertical oven - step by step
- Prepare the basis - the pipe fragment is approximately 0.9 meters;
- To the bottom of the pipe, breed a circle of metal sheet - it should be equal to the diameter of the pipe;
- Cut the hole under imagined, its maximum width is not more than 0.2 meters;
- We breed a round plate with a pipe diameter, cut the middle and boil the rods to the hole - it will be a grate;
- Machine compartment, cutting out a small rectangle over the grace, and close it with a metal door;
- Above the furnaces again cut the hole, breed the rods for the grate and hang the door;
- make the housing with a round fragment of metal, do not forget about the holes for the chimney and pondered;
- The traditional finale is a consistent grinding of the entire body and painting.
Video that will help you cope with the process of making the furnace better. Surely some questions that have arisen in your head receive logical answers.
Useful materials. Stock Foto Finished solutions and drawings
The success of the mission is the manufacture of the stove into the bath - it depends on the first not to scrupulously follow these or other recommendations, and how skillfully use them in practice. In the process of work, some difficult moments may arise due to the unique status of your own project. After all, that nor says, and even blind copying of already ready-made solutions does not even cancel the fact that some part of your project will contain distinctive features. Do not be afraid of difficulties - they are only a temporary barrier on the way to the successful completion of all works. The barrier that separates you from enjoying a magnificent ferry in the bathhouse of its own manufacture. What is not a good motive in order to rush the sleeves to take with double energy for business?
Photo: vk.com, Forumhouse.ru, Tutknow.ru, Stroyday.ru.
How to make a bass oven with your own hands: Drawings, useful tips
Any cottage or private house is simply unthinkable without a bath - places where it is so nice to relax in the company of friends and relatives. And what is the most important thing in the bath? Of course, a good-quality furnace, which is characterized by excellent thermal conductivity, evenly and quickly warms the air and has a beautiful aesthetic look!
We will gladly share with you how to make a bass oven with your own hands. For convenient move on the article, use the menu in the "Content of the article!"
Compared to brick stoves, analogs of steel or cast iron have more compact sizes and have the highest possible heat efficiency and heating speed. Plus, such furnaces can be made by the factory method, unlike brick analogs, erected directly in the bath.
Note! Recently, the furnace of the metal furnace for the bath has suffered some constructive changes. Now it uses two instead of one chamber, and the first is used, as used to be used when burning the main fuel, and the second when finalizing that burned not completely. Due to this, it was possible to achieve an increase in efficiency by more than 20%.
To the only significant lack of furnaces for a metal bath can be attributed to the fact that they have a large surface area, which can be burned. However, it is easily eliminated by placing a metal structure with decorative refractory bricks (the feasibility of this method can be found below) or to equip the body with a protective screen of steel, which, thanks to its convection properties, improve the distribution of air flows, throughout the bathroom, making it easily.
The designs of metal bath furnaces today have developed a lot, and access to drawings and schemes are free. As the basis for developing your own version, ready-made schemes are quite acceptable. It is better if the selected design is simple, especially for the first experience of self-making of the stove. The stove made of steel has the advantage that the bath can be prepared very quickly. Metal heats up and gives it warmly instantly - half an hour is enough for extractors of the furnace and all preparatory bath procedures.
The most common stoves-bourgeitakes of simple designs, described which can be several words: a steel or cast-iron case, separated by a grate with a grate with two compartments - a flue and ash tick, he also pissed. The fuel laying is burning on sparking, burning products go into chimney and into the atmosphere, and the rally residue must be periodically removed from the lower compartment of the stove.
For the manufacture of homemade bourgeoque, folk crafts use the most unexpected things, the main thing is that these tanks are made of thick steel: barrels, bidones, wheels, gas cylinders and large diameter pipes. Take a steel sheet or product from steel with a thickness of less than 4 mm with a thickness of a thickness of less than 4 mm, because it hurts such a furnace too fast, but a small dimension and a form makes it difficult to lining. Optimal for assembling steel stove The thickness of steel 6 is 8 mm and the diameter of pipes or products from 30 cm.
The constructive differences in the bourgeois used in the baths can vary significantly, despite simple forms:
- The furnace compartment can be arranged inside the paired room, and can be carried out beyond the battery - in a pre-banker or another room. The fuel bookmark is made as usual in the furnace, and the furnace is connected to the canal steam
- Additional installation of the water tank to the heating unit gives additional ease of operation of the stove. Install a tank for heating water to chimney, next to the furnace or above the furnace, usually the tank and firebox are separated by only one wall of steel
- A variety of water heating models are available: the tank can be a separate design, and heat the body of the furnace, but the device is possible from the heat exchanger built into the furnace compartment. Water heating by means of a heating circuit faster and water temperature more stable
Thus, the model line of homemade metal stoves for baths is quite wide. But one detail is the main for a bathing stove - is present in all models. Kamenka is necessary, and its location can be any: above the flue compartment, in the stove itself, with outdoor side. The main condition is the right choice and calculation of the volume of the heater, since heat generation, temperature regime and the speed of the bath depends on the number of razing stones. The classic weight of stones for baths of small dimensions - 3 kg, for a larger bath - 6-7 kg.
Bath furnace: Search for the optimal option
During the evolution of bath heating devices, there were a lot of design options, and this process does not end. The simplest constructive solution has a heater made of metal barrel. It removes the bottom and removes the lid, which results in a cylindrical billet. Its cavity is stacked on the edge of the brick, and the cooler is mounted. The remaining place is filled with stones for two thirds of volume. After installing the chimney and the cover oven is ready for operation.
Note! The simplicity of such a heater does not compensate for any inconvenience during operation and a small service life.
For a small bath, it is enough to make a furnace made of steel sheet, which from the inside is laid out by brick. The furnace is carried out by masonry in the Pollipich, and the chimney is in a quarter. Such a design is in great convenience when heating the room of the bath, as the need for fuel is reduced and the duration of the premises is reduced.
If you use a thick-walled pipe as a billet for the construction of a bath furnace, then you can get rid of the shortcomings of the first option and acquire the benefits of the second. Moreover, in this case, there is no need to use bricks. The cost of such a design is at an affordable level, and the appearance is quite presentable. Such a furnace qualitatively performs its functions, it is safe both at the construction stage and during operation. The main advantage is the possibility of self-erection.
Making a metal stove from the pipe in many respects is more profitable than from other random semi-finished products:
- The cylindrical shape furnace from the point of view of heat engineering is only slightly inferior to the perfect - spherical - and significantly exceeds the furnace rectangular or face.
- The thick walls of steel water pipes and gas pipes allow the best heat engineering of the furnace.
- For the same reason, the durability of the furnace from the pipe turns out to be very high at acceptable mass boards: the furnace remains mobile and transportable.
- Pipes of small and medium diameters are best suitable for details of the furnace, and at the same time they are widely demanded for other works: trimming of the desired size can almost always be found on sale inexpensively; At least at the nearest warehouse of scrap metal.
- Extensive and detailed range of sizes suitable for self-making furnaces made of pipes makes it possible to choose the necessary blanks already upon purchase; Thus, the complexity of the furnace is significantly reduced.
However, each medal has two sides. The disadvantages of pipe stoves are due to the same reasons as the dignity: to process rather thick metal is still harder than steel sheet or, say, a household gas cylinder, and tool working bodies (circles for grinder, welding electrodes) will need more.
Bath furnace: vertical or horizontal type?
The design of the self-made furnace for a bath can be performed both in vertical and horizontal design depending on the location of the steel pipe.
When choosing a specific project of Kamenka, you need to take into account the size and layout of the paired room, as well as personal preferences. For the steam room, a small area is usually recommended to install a vertical stove from the pipe. This is a more compact option that does not occupy a lot of space indoors. The design of such an installation involves the presence of not only the flue compartment, but also an additional area for laying stones, as well as a water tank for heating. Externally, the stove resembles a classic burzhuyk.
Vertical stove - ideal for small rooms. Colonsets and direct firebox are placed stepwise, each other, which makes it possible to save the useful space in the end. The use of such a format has recently frequently frequently, especially in the environment of professionals.
Note! If the choice fell on this type, it should be remembered that the presented option has smaller thermal qualities, and its cooker doors and pondered placed in the steam room.
If the area allows, the greater preference should be given a horizontal variety. There are also areas for laying stones and a container for warming up water, but the doors and a ash tank are in the installation of the installation, and therefore they can be placed outside the pair room, for example, in the pre-banker or outside the bath, which greatly simplifies the process of the extracts.
The heating area of the stones increases much due to the greater length of this option, the natural convection of warm air increases in the steam room.
Horizontal stove - A solution that fits well into the format of spacious bathrooms. At the same time, it is the classic option that is used almost everywhere. It is characterized by a slightly enlarged compartment for the furnace.
Agree, it is much more convenient to regulate the temperature of it, without spending time on the transition from one room to another. In addition, during such "raids" the air actively circulates throughout the bath and prevents its full warming it.
Useful advice! Disputes about which furnace is best suited for a bath, it is better to go around the side: make a decision on the basis of your particular situation.
Differences of vertical and horizontal types of furnaces:
- The flame in the vertical pipe passes a short path to the chimney in the upper part of the design, the hot gases relate to the sidewalls of the housing, and are located most in the middle;
- The horizontal variety allows hot gas streams to the top of the installation, after which the gas due to air is income into the chimney;
- The design of the vertical oven welges the walls of the steam, but the floor and air at the top of the room is not able to warm effectively;
- The horizontal option warms all parts of the space, except the area adjacent to the floor and the place under fire.
Before creating a furnace of any type, but especially horizontal, it is required to make a competent drawing of the future unit. Draw a product scheme, specify all sizes on it, and clearly follow this instruction.
Useful advice! If you first decide to make this work, it is better to use the finished drawing (you can find on the Internet) or set a typical model.
Assembling a simplified stove design based on steel pipe
How to make a stove for a bath from the pipe with your own hands? In fact, the use of such material as a source allows you to reduce temporary costs to a minimum - and not to the detriment of the end result. The main thing is the presence of the necessary materials and the drawing, in accordance with which you can successfully implement a plan to life and avoid the error security undermining.
For the arrangement of furnace equipment with their own hands as soon as possible, it will take a billet from a metal pipe with a diameter of at least 50 cm.
Among the main advantages of steel pipes used for the bath oven, it is worth highlighting the following:
- coating stability under mechanical exposure;
- reliable heat transfer;
- Low expansion coefficient when heated;
- the ability to hold the heat even after burning firewood;
- the ability to apply any types of fuel;
- minimum welding seams;
- Fast warning steam room.
You can not get around the face and a couple of shortcomings of metal structures:
- The metal warms quickly, but as quickly cooled, that is, it is necessary to add fuel quite often to maintain the necessary air temperature;
- Heat spreads in the space of the room unevenly.
If you compare the metal and brick furnace for the bath, then the latter loses in such criteria as the heating rate, the likelihood of carbon monoxide poisoning, ease of manufacture.
When choosing a pipe from a metal for heating a bath, pay attention to the following points:
- Check the strength of the structure;
- Make sure that there are no damage or corrosion on the surface;
- In case of detection of defects, it is necessary to increase the welded metal piping;
- You can make functional holes in corrosion sections.
On a note! Do not take high carbon or alloy steel. They are not suitable for the manufacture of the furnace. Preferably, you choose steel with carbon content up to 2%.
Calculate the high carbon material can be calculated by the state of the sparks during the friction of the surface of the sandpaper. It has a spark of white in the form of stars scattering in different directions, while the sparks of low carbon steel are distinguished by yellowish color and straightness. In the case of the same check, alloy steel will have red, orange or bright white sparks.
Bath furnaces are made not only from metal pipes, but also from sheet steel. A rectangular shape is more often from this material. Compared with such an installation, the round tube has the following advantages:
- Metal pipe is much easier in the production plan - in fact, it is already a ready-made fuel cell, unlike the sheets that should be cut, cut, collect and weld;
- Pipes are the most economical option;
- The heat exchange process with the surrounding air in the presence of a round bath oven is effective;
- From the point of view of movement of flue gases, the finished round tube also turns out to be more selective;
- The service life of a circular furnace longer, even if we compare rectangular and cylindrical pipes from the same material.
Note! For the manufacture of a bath furnace from the pipe, it will take much less welding work than in the case of the use of sheet material.
The sequence of manufacture of the vertical bath furnace from the pipe with your own hands
|Photos illustration||Step by step guide|
|Assembly scheme . The diagram shows the furnace of type "Vesuvius" with a total height of 1.7 m and an inner diameter of 0.5 m. The height of the firebox will be 0.45 m, the height of the cabinet for a stone backfill is 0.45 m, the height of the boiler is 0.8 m. |
For chimney, a cast iron tube with an inner diameter of 100 mm will be used. The wall thickness of the pipe for the housing is 12 mm. Sheet steel for the manufacture of spacers and fireboxes - at least 10 mm.
|Production of housing and intermediate spacer . Metal tube is cut into length to 1.7 m. |
On the inner diameter of the pipe 3 pancake with a central opening of 104 mm under the chimney is cut. Another damn is cut off without a central opening with a rectangular protrusion under the bottom of the furnace.
|Marking and installation of spacer . The inner surface of the housing is placed in accordance with the intermediate position of the spacer. According to the markup made by welding the bottom of the boiler. |
At the same stage, we cut a rectangular recess in the height of the furnace.
|Installation of chimney . Cut the cast-iron pipe with a length of 1.5 m. |
On the chimney, we dress the spacer (the top of the furnace) and grab the welding. Take the chimney into the bottom of the boiler and cook in a circle of the spacer at the top of the furnace.
|Luke for laying stone . On the housing, place a rectangle (400 × 200 mm dimensions) for the hatch in the heater. Rectangle cut out. In the form of the cutting, we make the cover that is attached to the hinges.|
|Assembling firebox . From the lower edge of the case, we weld the previously harvested spacer with a ledge of 30 cm. |
From the steel sheet, cut the rectangular walls of the furnace so that they are in the lower part. Then we weld the front and upper part of the furnace, tightly fighting the seam.
|Set of hatch . The front side of the furnace is drawn around the perimeter with an indent of 30 mm from the edge. The markup is made cutout. The carved plate is installed on the loop and the rotary handle is attached to it. |
At the bottom of the hatch, several holes are made, which will be replaced to create thrust.
|Production of a gate valve . You need to make two plates cooked so that between them, the third plate passed. In two external plates, a cutout is made in the form of a chimney. The prepared plate is collapsed into the chimney. |
As a result, the damper passing between two adjacent plates when shifting will adjust the thrust.
Final assembly . In the lateral part of the case there is a cut in a boiler. At the top of the boiler, a hatch is made to fill with water. Important! All seams need to drill to provide absolute tightness.
After that, it remains to install the assembled unit in the bath.
The sequence of the manufacture of a horizontal bath furnace from the pipe with their own hands
For the manufacture of a horizontal type of furnace, a pipe cutter is 0.8 meters long. The door is usually installed in the pre-banker, to mount the tank with water into the pipe in this design it is impossible.
|Photos illustration||Step by step guide|
|Assembly scheme . Pipe oven (horizontal). On this scheme, you can see the unit assembled from a metal seamless pipe with a diameter of 600 mm. The front and rear wall, as well as the shelf with a grate grid, is made of a steel sheet with a thickness of 5 mm. |
The diagram does not show a container with water, but designated place for its installation in a grid for filling a stone.
Manufacture of housing . A small plot is cut from the pipe with a grid with parameters of 400x800 mm, which will continue to serve as a separate item. The carved space is connected by rectangular planks from the back for rigidity and in front of the design of the coil door. Next, the corresponding parts required for the manufacture of the ash compartment are cut out of another workpiece (pipes). A compartment for a gas-aircase is welded.
|The welding of the filling compartment box for the future door. After that, a grate grill is collected with the repetition of the lower elements for fastening. Installation of a grate grid in place. Installing the front and rear wall and the final assembly.|
Technical requirements for the installation of a bath furnace
Regardless, a homemade oven for the bath was used or a ready-made design in the store was purchased, its installation should be carried out in accordance with the requirements prescribed by fire safety regulations:
- In the stoves made of wood furnace for baths, can be installed at a distance of at least 100 cm from any wall of the room;
- the gap between the heating element and the chimney tube must be minimal;
- An indent from the stove for a bath from the pipe to the nearest wall can be reduced to 200 mm if the wall surface is additionally protected by red brick or sheet steel.
To improve the circulation of air flows, the furnace in the bath is placed on the foundation, towering above the floor level at an altitude of 200 mm. The foundation is constructed from refractory brick or concrete. The firebox loading zone is protected by a metal sheet, 500 per 700 mm sizes.
To create the following actions:
- We bring up a square formwork with a height of 200 mm;
- evenly squares 200h200 mm lay out the reinforcement longitudinally and transversely in one layer;
- tighten the elements of the fittings knitting wire in the plots of the connection;
- We drive around the edges of the lattice four segments of the reinforcement, we attach the grille to them.
Two weeks after the fill, it is necessary to open the windows and doors in the room, and the foundation is climbing with wet rags. This will prevent the occurrence of cracks on the surface. For a couple of weeks, rags are recommended to be saved.
Collector - also an easy task. For this:
- Cut from metal a rectangle of the required parameter, that is, so that it is fully matched to the internal dimensions of the pipe;
- Cut the center in the prepared plate so that areas for welding remained at the edges;
- We weld the metal rods horizontally or vertically.
How to mount chimney
If the stove from the pipe in the bath has been made with their own hands, then you must comply with all the technical requirements for the texture of the chimney. Metal tube, for the removal of fuel combustion waste from the bath should have high-quality thermal insulation from non-combustible material, such as a refractory brick or asbestos insulation. The thickness of the heat-insulating layer, which makes it possible to exclude the formation of condensate, should be at least 80 mm.
Note! Chimney can be placed in any convenient place of the bath, corresponding to all fire safety standards.
In order for the design of the chimney did not produce excessive pressure on the basis of the furnace, it is fixed inside the overlap. The pipe chimney should rise above the upper point of the roof at least 50 cm. Part of the chimney pipe, passing through the attic space should be absolutely hermetic without dampers or cleaning holes. For specifications, the chimney should not pass horizontally at a distance exceeding 100 cm.
Furnace Fireplace Long burning: Principle of operation and design (Read more)
What should be the Kamenka in the bath furnace?
The fact that the stove in the bath must be equipped with a heater - a common place. But what needs to do the stitch? The selection of stones do not touch, this is a separate topic. However, in any case, the heat capacity of the heater will be big, and just fill the furnace with stones.
First of all, we will move a challenge or open? In the first stones in a special chamber are washed with flue gases. To set the mode of the protest to the furnace per room and cash stones here quite simply: the stones in the course of several trials are selected / led until the bath will be aligned as follows. But it will be possible to steam in such a bathhouse with the turnout, only if the highest quality wood fuel is selected for the furnace, and it is possible to take a pair only with water. In the open Kamenka, you can donate anything, if only health was not harmful (and Kvsky - Ukh!), But it is more difficult to make it correctly.
The easiest option of the open stove on the horizontal bath furnace is a tray on the furnace furnace (pos. 1 in fig. More tolerant to the manufacture of on-peeping heated heating mainly from flue gases through a tubular heat exchanger (pos. 2), but also make it harder.
The optimal scheme of the self-made bath oven with an open stone for beginner masters is perhaps the vertical with a sequential heating of the heated of the heating and water tank, pos. 3. If the tray for stones is deep enough, then you can adjust the stitch in almost the same wide limits as closed. However, water in the tank of such a furnace is heated longer than in a similar design of a closed type, so craftsmen are more preferable to take over the furnace of the parallel scheme, pos. 4. It is never inferior to consistent, the water is heated quickly, but it is harder to make it.
Note!: The most difficult, but also the most effective version of the metal bath oven is a cap with an open stone.
How to choose a pipe for a homemade bath
In specifications, round steel pipes are always classified by internal diameter; The 2nd digit indicates the wall thickness, and the following characters, if there are, type and specific characteristics. For profile pipes, the first 2 digits are the maximum sizes of the section, then the 3rd wall thickness. Default measurement units of millimeters; Other are clearly indicated. For example, "Case - pipe 530x10" means that it is made of pipe with an inner diameter of 530 mm and a thickness of the walls of 10 mm, i.e. The outer diameter of the workpiece will be 550 mm plus-minus 5.3 mm, because The admission to the transition pipe is given 10% of the internal diameter. Mostly tolerance is spent on the ellipticity of the pipe.
Further, the wall thickness may be different. Water pipes are released lightweight, ordinary and reinforced. But, for example, the most divided pipe 530 is produced with walls with a thickness of 6 to 12 mm in 1 mm increments; The most common items - 6, 8 and 10 mm.
Why know all this? To properly choose the workpiece for the furnace. The optimal diameter of the household stove is about half a meter, it allows you to get both good heat engineering and sufficient convenience in work. And for pipes from 500 mm, the nominal pitch of the sizes is 10 mm, i.e. There are pipes 500, 510, 520 and 530; Large are already considered pipes of large diameter. Those., Picking up a blank of different diameters and with different wall thickness, one can make a concentric design, the parts of which will be telescopically enter each other with a minimum gap. And to dial in the search, say, "steel pipe pipe 510x8 trimming" is simpler than to bend a shell of 8 mm leaf, right?
GOST 10704-91 (steel straight pipes) and GOST 20295 85 (steel pipes with spiral seam) define the diameter of pipes from 1 mm; The steps of the dimensional mesh for different ranges of sizes are advisory. The pipe is one of the most sought-after products at all, and it would be just stupid to regulate their scrupulously. In the range of 250-400 mm, a number of produced tubes of pipes is very extensive. As this circumstance is used in pipe and overseas - let's see below.
Useful advice! For a homemade furnace, if possible, you need to choose cutting of spiral pipes. They are more accurate, less elliptic than straightforward, from better steel, and sold anyway at a price of scrap metal. Solid (seamless) pipes are even better, but are suitable only for small parts, the maximum diameter is 250 mm.
Successful samples of homemade bath stoves
Let's try to choose a prototype for a welded homemade stove. The drawings of some well-proven structures are shown in Fig.
From the famous stove-bourgeitogo, this is distinguished by the presence of a tray for stones and paved on dry, without a solution, chamoten brick under fireboxes. On the arms on the sides of the Kamenka (from 8-12 mm steel rod), they put a bucket or welded with water.
It is not so many stones as the convection streams between the screen and the body of the furnace. This contributes to the creation of the optimal warning mode of the bath, and 20-liters welding for 30-40 minutes heats up, covered with a lid, to degrees 50. It is quite enough for two and still on the child will remain.
The bathroom screen is needed even more than for heating: the tray for stones violates the route of circulation of hot gases in the furnace, and the stones are selected a lot of heat.
Note! Implede the thermal insulation at the volume of the bath, close to the ultimate, undesirable, it should effectively emit an IR outward. Therefore, in this case, it is necessary to make a fence for the stove.
A bathhouse is suitable for a very small bathhouse, up to 20 cu. m volume. The foundation is not needed for it, it can stand simply on the reservoir of basalt cardboard. The height of the straight chimney is 4-5 m, the Sewber is not needed. The thrust is adjustable for the season and weather with a sliding flap from the zinc strip, overlapping part of the holes in the furnace of the furnace, but at least 2 should not overlap. Bungeuke can be coated during the wash. You can submit not more than 0.25 liters at least 20 minutes at a period of at least 20 minutes, otherwise the Kamenka will have a heavy pairs.
Banzhuyka without bricks
It is an all-welded leaf of 4-6 mm oven for a small sauna, also up to 20-25 cubic meters. m. The design is simple and understandable (see the drawing above), heats the steam room quickly, which is good. But it is not necessary to attach the hotkeeping water. On the Luke Kamenka, the maximum bucket will be warm up to the degrees 40. It is not necessary to shield this furnace, but it is desirable to isolate. Most of the heat and so goes into the stones, the screen is simply nothing to reflect. Therefore, in such a simple stove, it is necessary and pissed: there is no vortex in the furnace, and the efficiency, in bath stoves, and so low, it will be completely Nevaznetsky. Grass grille - from the welded along the Armaturin.
Banzhuyka in the case
The brick oven in a metal case of 3-4 mm has already been suitable for a sauna, and for a Russian bathhouse in 30-40 cubes, which it will heat the hour for 2. Therefore, a U-shaped water heating register can be built into the smoke turnover, during which time it will give In the storage device of 40,50-degree water. It is enough on three-four. Masonry - from the chamot, the stove is incredential. The screen is not needed according to the reasons described above, but the fence is necessary - the case of more than 100 degrees. Before the lava, the furnace must be completely protected; Heat keeps around an hour.
This furnace according to the properties is similar to all-welded sauna. It is also difficult to shove in it in the same way. But very simple in performance and therefore it is suitable for giving with a bath-sarahushka to 15 cubes.
It is possible to drown it during the wash / ranking, but it is impossible to wear it: for the sake of ease of design, the worn / loading hatch in the heater is not provided. Therefore, with frequent use, this stove will be short-lived. Make this stove like this:
- A concrete slab is put straight to the ground, or poured a mini-pitcher with concrete. Then, from ordinary red brick, lay a cube;
- At the top in the masonry, the armatuns forming the kneading grille. This pedestal plunge the metal barrel without bottoms and fucked from the inside with a shamot on clay. You can simply be deceived from the inside a layer of very thick (plasticine consistency) of a fatty clay solution of 50-60 mm. Chamotte bricks will also leave a little, they put a spoon with the end;
- Finally, the top of the barrels are brewed with a sheet of 2-4 mm steel with the first knee of chimney wired into it - a 100-mm pipe cutting - and a sauna is ready.
Bath oven fast
This furnace is also a dacha type, or for a hunting house. It is already made entirely of the barrel and can be installed directly to the ground. Kamenka grille - from the welded Armaturin. Inner lining - like the previous one. The furnace warms up the Kamork Cubes by 10-12 for 15-20 minutes, and also cool up. Therefore, it is designed, without a subtop, on the wash is single with a small passion, or toastly together. But with such a speed of bath procedures, there is no danger that water in the boiler will boil, and here it is arranged on the principle of titanium covering the chimney. Capacity of the boiler - 15-20 l, which is enough for one two.
About brick cases
You can meet the tips to run metal ovens outside the brick, it allegedly improves their properties. In fact, the outer lining does not improve anything, but only worsens. The metal of the furnace, without having the opportunity to give heat, is late to orange and quickly roars even with a thickness of 8-10 mm. And the heat transfer to the heater, even deaf, even flowing, almost does not improve. The outside lining just does not produce IC, and such a furnace gives most often severe steam.
In the photo (drawing) - furnace for a bath cutting a large diameter pipe.
Slices of 525-mm pipes rarely have someone in the rubble, but, it will be such a thing, this is a discovery:
- The foundation is not needed, only heat-insulation from the floor and walls.
- Heats a bath to 35 cubes.
- Deep twice heated deaf heater allows you to take the firebox at any time.
- Extraked the mouth of the furnace with a confusion easily goes to the pre-banker.
- Round in the context form gives an optimal combination of radiation with convection, why such a furnace and warms the bath almost twice the "bourgeoileic" with the almost the same thermal power.
- The chain tray in the smokelessness without the slightest loss of the quality of the furnace is covered by U-shaped water heating register.
Note! ВA word broke can not be placed. It is necessary to tilt a little across that the hot water supply nozzle was higher than such arrival.
From the well-known designs for ease of manufacture and less material consumption, a vertical furnace with a flow chain is highlighted, see photo.
Case material - 530 mm pipe with 10 mm walls and steel sheet 8-10 mm; chimney - pipe 130 mm with walls of any thickness. This furnace requires an installation on a pillow of 2 rows of conventional ceramic (red) bricks. Under the condition of firewood firebox with an open worklet (furnace door), the thick walls of the furnace and its arch actually from the stones, the grade grille is not required: fuel burns to ash during the furnace directly on the courses.
Horizontal oven from a pipe for a bath with an open stone In a single copy, the prototype must be performed for itself: even with industrial production, it is impossible to accurately calculate in advance the area of thermal contact of the firebox with a firebox. Or the furnace is transferred and the fuel does not burn as it should, or the oven is heated for a long time, or gives more or less decent couples only in the bath of a certain size and design.
Russian manufacturers offer a fairly large assortment of bath furnaces and, I must say, almost all of them are communicated. Popular stoves "heat" are made from the pipe; Drawings "Heat-Baby", most suitable for a small bathhouse, are shown in Fig. on right. Models "Standard" and "Elite" differ from "Baby" in essence only the length of the firebox and the strapping. Source high quality indicators of the furnace while maintaining the simplicity of the design and its repeatability designers managed to achieve, applying the combined heating of the heating of the heating: partially directly from the furnace, and partly from the heat chamber is highlighted yellow in Fig.
Note!: User reviews about the "Heat" furnaces are generally positive. Its disadvantages are not significant and are typical for all metal stoves, see for example Video below. There, however, an advertisement is hanging from Google to another topic, but we will not blame the author in the desire to earn money, he judges well, he judges well.
Video: Furnaces "Heat" Personal Experience
Making a "heat" with their own hands, you need to accurately withstand the size of the heat-heat part, they are not taken from the ceiling. The heat chamber is performed from the half of the pipe with the inner diameter of 150 mm and the thickness of the wall is 6 mm; Its length is 305 mm. The hole for flock of flue gases into the chamber with a diameter of 100 mm, it is located close to the rear wall. The wall thickness of the fuel part is 8 mm; The diameter of the chimney is given internal.
Metal oven. It can espipe the bath as follows only in the complex with the pipe. In fact, chimneys and chimneys are a separate thing that the topic, but a large branch industry. But in this case will have to touch it a little.
In the bath wash. Water that evaporates. And in the Kamenka will give up. Therefore, as I washed, it was originally lightweight pairs of heavy walls: the absorption capacity of a water pair of wooden walls and the heater is limited, and the brick bath due to the large heat loss through the walls is possible only permanent, for example. Public.
If the bath oven is brick, it easily absorbs excess moisture from the air: ton-two heated bricks and in a residential building a good microclimate will install. But the metal oven does not breathe, and how to facilitate steam? Especially if several people are harmed with each other.
Another pipe comes to the rescue. The simplest way to maintain due moisture (more precisely - dry air) air / steam room - furnace C with screen and metal monotube, pos. 1 in fig. The convective stream between the body of the furnace and the screen pulls up the most wet air from the bottom, the hot chimney accelerates it and the excess moisture literally pushes through the boardy ceiling in the attic, where it will not spoil the pair.
This method has 2 disadvantages:
- The stove must be uneconomical, voracious: a considerable share of fuel energy flies into the pipe.
- The attic constantly reuses, then the ceiling begins to rot, lie, and the bath has to be rebuilt at all.
The second way is more complicated and more expensive, but allows you to use in the bath an economical furnaces with lateral yield into the chimney, and besides, the severity of the steam at its discretion. The essence of it is clear from the pos. 2 Fig., This is a chimney with a composite (sandwich) indigenous pipe. Couple dry as needed, pushing the catch in the root of the chimney above the floor.
If you have done a "steep" chimney, then it is necessary to feed over the bunny stove to it, combining the dignity of the "horizontal" and "vertical", open and running chain, and even consuming little fuel. What is this miracle? Pipe baker See fig. below.
It is believed that it makes no sense to make a metal cap oven, but it is nothing more than a well-established representation. The iron furnace of the cap scheme is quite possible, it is only necessary to insulate the cap. Than? From the sides - at least sand. And on top of the heaters, which at the same time will quickly warm both under the protrusion and after passing. Bath "Cap" from the pipe consists of:
- Cases - pipes 530x10 mm;
- furnace - steel sheet 1.5 ... 2.5 mm;
- Radiant ash bar - any thin sheet metal;
- subductive doors 70x130 mm;
- grate grille from 150x150 to 200x200 mm;
- Fixed steel - sheet steel 4-5 mm;
- worked fireboxes - the door 130x180 mm;
- The shaft of the furnace is a steel sheet of 8 mm;
- Hail - cut pipe 150x6 mm;
- Cap - cut pipe 300x8 mm (plumbing reinforced) with a vault from sheet steel of the same thickness;
- exit to chimney - pipe 120x4 mm;
- Cap heat insulation - any sand;
- DHW heat exchanger - Profiter 100x40x2 mm, bent U-shaped or 3/4 circles;
The furnace is not particularly sensitive to the proportions, the dimensions can be used simply along a large-scale ruler. You only need to withstand in the figured in Fig. The limits are the excess of the mouth of High above the upper point of exit to the chimney. So that in the furnace did not have to be shred too often, it was carried out by inclined to the center. Bend a very flat truncated cone from a rather thick sheet of home is difficult, so under the furnaces are made in the form of a overturned 4-graded tent from the sectors of the circle, it simplifies the installation of grate.
It is interesting! As for the "metal of the same thickness", the old army joke. Starshina teaches recruits: "Private Ivanov, what the shutter is made in Kalashinkov?" - "From steel, Comrade Starshina!" - "And the gate frame?" - "Also from steel" - "Salabon is stupid! Here, in the instruction it is clear: from the same metal! "
Useful tips on the manufacture of the Bath furnace with their own hands
Before you start making the stove with your own hands, use the advice of professionals.
- Try to purchase cropping pipes, they are more accurate, not so elliptic and are made of more suitable steel. You can also buy them at the price of scrap metal. It can be used solid tubes, but only for the manufacture of small elements.
- Many prefer to use to assemble the furnace, tank under water and chimney of metal rolling from stainless steel. This is a good option, but it is necessary to remember that the welding work will require the use of electrodes of stainless steel or special welding wire.
- At the time of the workflow to the pipe, it is recommended to trust the backups so that it does not roll and not complicated the work.
- When the vertical model device, it is necessary to leave at least 1/3 diameter of the opening furnace for the flow of smoke into the chimney.
- The outer door for stones is recommended to be placed so that when operating it is directed in the opposite direction from the place where people rest. It will save visitors to the baths from burns with hot steam when moisture getting into hot stones while maintaining heat.
- Many masters advise to place welded seams under the grate, as the connecting seams are primarily destroyed under the influence of temperature.
- It is recommended to insulate the outer walls of the chimney with a thick layer of mineral or basalt wool to reduce the likelihood of corrosion inside the design.
- It is necessary to fill the tank with water in advance before the extracts - the moisture that fell on the metal surface can provoke burns from steam strike.
- For decorative design, it is recommended to cover the metal furnace with refractory paint.
- If the furnace is covered with paint, then before assembly works it is better to protrude in the fresh air. Thus, the excess paint will burn, without harming the human body.
- Put the stove with a brick screen. This will provide a more uniform distribution of heated air, and also keeps vacationers from strong burns.
Note! Errors made at the stove stage can affect not only the installation of the installation, but also to threaten the health of holidaymakers.
The popularity of bath furnaces made of pipes made by their own hands is fully justified. However, economic Pipe bourgearies While there is little common, and in vain. In many cases, they are quite capable of replacing much more expensive and labor-intensive coalarifer furnaces and ovens of long burning. The latter unattended is unsafe, and even within a day the temperature regime of the winter of birds and livestock in moderate latitudes is not required and even undesirable.
Video: how to make a stove oven from the pipe with your own hands
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The humidity and temperature, comfort and use for the body depends on the furnace in the bath. The bath oven is necessarily equipped with a tank for water heating, chimney and a pocket-heating of stones.
If you have a huge desire to fold the stove for the bath with your own hands, and not hire specialists - be sure to read this article several times, you can even print it on a piece of paper and use directly like a crib. At the same time, you will significantly save and get an invaluable experience, which in the future to put such structures in the future for money. An important role is played by the exterior decoration, because the bath is a place of rest, both physical and moral and appearance of the furnace plays in this an important role! After the external finish, the oven in your bath should be its "highlight", an exclusive decoration, which is simply pleasant to look like a picture.
The bath oven is located either with a fuel door in the nearby room, or directly into the steam room, where the wood laying is made. Naturally, it is better that the firewood lay out from the next room if the dimensions allow you to do this.
Water tanks are mounted either behind the furnace housing on the supports (floor or wall mount), or fasten it directly above the furnace's fuel. At the same time, the stationary floor fastening of the tank is safer than the wall.
Video instruction: how to cook a metal furnace for a bath with your own hands
Calculation of the volume of the bath for a bath furnace
The volume of the tank with water is calculated by accepting one person from seven to ten liters of water with a temperature of at least fifty degrees. So, if you plan to simultaneously visit the pair company 3-4 people, you should choose a pot volume of at least 40 liters.
How to calculate the volume of steam and fuel furnace?
Little to measure the dimensions of the room. You need to take into account the material of the surfaces. If the room has windows, a glass door, a surface of a tile, brick, concrete, the area should be measured. For each square meter of the area of such surfaces, add a half cubic meter to the room volume, which will be taken into account when choosing the size of the furnace. The minimum stove power for the bath is 8-10 kW.
Requirements for the furnace
The bass furnace should be safe (both in terms of fires and for human health - do not cause burns with random touch and exclude smoke to the room), the temperature regime must be adjusted, and the dimensions correspond to the size of the room.
Metal oven-calorifer, is it suitable for a bath?
Metal kalorifer furnace
Such a furnace design is the most simple. For work, they will need sheets of steel thickness of at least 5 mm, welding machine and bulgaria (or gas cutter), pipes for supplying and removal of water, refractory bricks, chimney mortar, stones, chimney pipes, tap, furnaces with valves and loops, Metal profile for mounting stove support.
Sample Kalorior oven
The design itself consists of water tank with pipes connected to it and crane. The tank is heated from the rear wall of the furnace, the internal space of which, in turn, is zolly distributed onto the furnace and an open-type heater. The flue gases are disposed of through the chimney, overlooking the firebox through the heater and the walls of the bath.
First of all, it is necessary to cut out of the sheets with the bottoms and the side walls of the future stove and combine their welding. Inside the furnace we weld the corners - they will support a sheet of metal, to which stones will lay.
Make a frame for the oven
On the front wall, cut the rectangular hole under the door, and make the door from the cut-off rectangle. In the perimeter, it is possible to rip it with strips of steel for greater adjustment density. At the bottom of the door or the front wall of the fuel, drill several holes for accessing the air inside the furnace. Welding secure loop door and loop under the valve.
Making the door
Interior furnace space we look for chamoten brick
To make chimney, prepare the nozzle and we will do the hole in the metal sheet, on which the heater will be. We weld the nozzle to the steel sheet.
Metal bass furnace
We proceed to the installation of the water tank. It consists of three walls and a pedestal, hermetically cooked with each other and the back wall of the furnace. To one of the lateral walls of the tank, we weld the inlet and discharge pipe for water. Then weld the crane at the bottom of the tank. The entire design is installed on the frame of steel profiles or on a brick base with a height of 20-30 cm. Metal parts of the oven cover refractory paint. Top laying stones (talco chlorite, porphite, basalts, etc.) with a size of 5 to 12 cm. Mount the chimney and the smoke pipe, we pour water into the tank, cover it with a lid and we produce a risi of the finished furnace, checking the design for the presence of thrust and the absence of smoke in room.
To upgrade the bourgeois for a bath, you can equip it with a roller chamber with a grate grid and a box for collecting ash. This will significantly simplify the cleaning of the furnace, and the door swept to help better adjust the thrust, and respectively the temperature and speed of combustion of fuel. For the same purpose (regulation of the heating temperature of the furnace), as well as to reduce heat loss through the chimney, it is equipped with a valve. It can be a gate type or any other.
Lathe for chimney
Like - View 2
Bath furnace from a pipe or an old balloon
The difference between this design from the previous one is that the tank with water is located directly above the fuel. For work, you will need: a pipe for a furnace and a tank (wall thickness 1 cm, diameter 50 cm, height 150 cm); Pipe for a heater (the wall thickness is the former, and a dimieter 35cm); Crane mortise; Metal fittings; loops for the door; steel sheets are similar to pipes; Tools for welding, metal cutting.
- We divide the pipe larger diameter in half, using a grinder. From one part (length 60 cm) we will mount the water tank, from the second (90 cm) - to design the heating device for the bath.
- On the sheet, we make a markup to cut the circle equal to the diameter of the pipe - the furnace housing. To do this, it is convenient to use a canister with paint or marker. This circle will serve as a donkey design. Hermetically weld it to the pipe.
- Immediately make legs design. To do this, strengthen the dyshko furnace for a bath with a metal frame from profiles. The height of the frame is 10-15 cm.
- After the oven firmly stands on the legs, draw a 25x7 cm on the body. This piece of metal will be a door. Cut it with a grinder, equip the hinges, a bracket with a handle and a short.
- Making a grate. His task: to pass the air from pondered into the burning zone, hold fuel and not to prevent the ingress of ash and ash into the lower chamber of the furnace. Such a grid can be made of segments of reinforcement or metal sheet with holes cut in it. The grace must be fixed with welding in the inside of the pipe at an altitude of 12-15 cm from the bottom.
- Above the grace of the grace will be located. The door for it cut the size of 25x30 cm, retreating from the level of the grate of about 20 cm. We install the door in the same way.
Furnace door door
- Kamenka will construct from the reinforcement. Flexing it in different directions, give the reinforcement the shape of the basket, fasten them with a plastic wire. Here we will lay stones for the furnace. "Basket" set on the top of the pipe. Here we cut the door of any form and resetting it with loops, valve.
Door for Kamenka
- Next, we will deal with water tank. The body of the tank is a pipe, 60 cm long. For this pipe, cut out the bottom, in which in turn we cut the hole and skip through this hole the chimney pipe. Fix the parts with welding. Closer to the bottom of the tank cut the crane.
Container for water
- Now we collect two pieces of the furnace together so that the tank is located strictly over the fuel. We produce welded seam.
- The lid for the tank is convenient to make a bivalve. Cut the circle, divide it into two equal parts, one of which is tightly welded to Baku, another brapping with the first half loops. To make more convenient to open the tank, the cover is equipped with a knob-bracket from the reinforcement.
Cover for tank
Thus, from the simplest materials you can quickly and cheap furnace for the bath with your own hands, while it will not function anything functionally from the purchase of analog! Performing work qualitatively and slowly, you will get the result that will delight you and your guests for many years!
Challenged masonry furnace for baths do it yourself - photo report
Everything is very simple, it is enough to look in the photo and do the exact same, naturally you need to use suitable materials and mixes!
Brick oven for the bath is ready
Zero line of the base of the furnace: The second line of the base of the furnace: Second row and confusion chamber Fourth row - overlapping pissed Put grated Second row of chamotte brick We leave the gap between chammatory and facing brick Third and fourth row of chamotte brick We look a chamotted brick Put the fifth row of chamotte brick Make chamotte lattice We make a vacation channel We put the flue door Take the register Fresh the top of the door Finished cooker Appearance of the furnace at this stage We make a grid on which stones will have to lie Second row pocket for stones Remove the top level of the register How should the stove look like if you do everything right Required places for laying chamotte brick Extreme row of chamotte brick Making holes in chamotte brick Preparation of valve assembly (fitting) Laying the valve Overhead Laying Overlapping opening over the core Sorry chimney Laying smoke Installation of the second valve Adjusting the top of the chimney to the ceiling If you did everything right, your stove for a bath should look something like that
Congratulations, it turns out that you have completely coped with the task yourself!
Metal furnaces for the bath on sale a lot, but good worth a lot of money. If there is a sufficient experience of metal welding, you can make the furnace for yourself, according to its size. About how to make a stove for a bath from metal (sheet), drawings and photos - on.
There is a significant difference between the steering modes in the bath and sauna. In the sauna, the air temperature is very high - from 85C and much higher. At such a temperature, the humidity is high just can not - immediately get a burn, and the broom turns in five minutes. And it is really small, about 5-15%. In the Russian steam room, the temperature is held in the range of 55-65 ° C, occasionally rising to 70 ° C. At such temperatures, the humidity "cattons" is large - 50-60%.
To ensure such different tasks, different approaches are required to build a furnace. The sauna requires the largest area of the contact of the furnace housing with the surrounding air and the acceleration of the passage of air flows along the walls. Everything is subordinated to the task as soon as possible heat the air in the steam room. Kamenka is, but it is small, open, is usually above the furnace. Stones in it are warmed up to a maximum of 200-250 ° C, since a lot of heat gives to the surrounding air. With such a heater, you can get some steam. But in the sauna there is no need - one / two bucket will give 15% humidity. More just not to suffer.
In the Russian pair task, the other is not to overload the room and achieve a large number of steam. Moreover, steam must be a definite condition - it should consist of very small droplets. It is also called "dry" and has a high temperature - about 130-150 ° C. With this condition, after the harvest in the body there is a lightness and tide of strength. Such pairs are obtained only with hot stones, the temperature of which is at least 500 ° C. To achieve her stones "pack" inside the furnace - it is placed in it - a closed heater.
As you can see, there are solid constructive differences. They need to be borne.
What else do you need to keep in mind when designing a furnace for a Russian steam room? The fact that having heated metal walls to keep the temperature within the required 60-65 ° C is unrealistic. Be sure to overpose. At the same time, the stove walls are tight IR radiation and there is hard. The problem is solved in two ways:
Outside Close Case Brick Screen
Still worth talking about the seams. In homemade furnaces from the metal (in factory, in principle, too), the extension begins precisely from the seams. In production, this problem is bypass using bent structures. At the top are trying to avoid the seams. In the manufacture of a furnace for a bath with your own hands, you are unlikely to bend a metal sheet with a thickness of 6-10 mm, so that only one thing remains - to make the seams as high quality.
Kamenka: What size and where
The required number of stones depends on the volume of steam room (provided that the bath is warmed normally). In different sources there are different recommendations with a large or smaller number - from 20 to 40 kg per 1 m 3. In principle, the more stones, the easier it is to obtain the required amount of steam, but provided that the stove has enough power to heat them.
The problem is that the stones of different breed have different density, and, consequently, the same mass occupies a different volume. In principle, for the middle waters of 12-14 m 3. The size of the heater is approximately the following: 30 * 40 * 30 mm. Parameters can be changed a bit, make wider / already / above - see the furnace design.
Kamenka can be of different shape and size
The ratio of the volume of the furnace to the volume of the heater is a complex heat engineering calculation, which is not even all heat engineer to clamp. It is much easier to use ready-made drawings or experimentally defined proportions. At a minimum, the volume of "free" from the firebox should not be less. Better, even more about 30-50%.
A little about which part of the furnace is best to have a box for stones. All have long come to the conclusion that the highest temperature is in the upper part and at the rear wall. Here in this place and it makes sense to position the container. First, part of the thermal load from the furnace of the furnace will take off, and secondly, the stones are warm well.
Not for the service of the Kamenka and that the water should somehow go there. The service hatch must be positioned in such a way that you can reach with your hand to the far edge without any special problems. And the water supply is deeply organized so as not to burn. Usually insert the tube or system of tubes, which diverge throughout the plane of the stones containers. From the side of the room, this tube ends with a funnel. The tube is folded by stones. When the water is filled into it, it is distributed over the surface of the heater / stones and evaporates.
Drawings of self-made bath furnaces made of metal
This furnace is designed for a steam room 2 * 3 * 2.3 m. Cooked from a sheet metal with a thickness of 3 mm.
Metal furnace for bath with closed stone
To activate the combustion, an additional air duct has been connected from the street. From other solutions - the ribs of stiffness (corners) welded to the sides of the furnace in the upper part of the furnace so that the metal does not be flexing with strong heating.
The next diagram of the metal furnace for the bath is made with air supply to the top of the furnace. These are the so-called ovens with gases. On the back wall welded a plate of metal. In the slot between this plate and the rear wall of the furnace with the help of tubes-air ducts serves air from under grip. It is a simple, kind of device solves two tasks at once. First, it cools the rear wall, reducing the likelihood of its exercise. Secondly, the air is fed to the upper part heated. There are focused flue gases heated to high temperatures, most of which are combustible (up to 80%). When these gases are mixed with heated air, combustible substances are flammable, the temperature at the top of the furnace becomes even higher, the stones are heated to higher temperatures. At the same time (when using dry wood), fuel is needed much less. In this principle, many ovens of long burning are built, but in bathing furnaces it began to be used recently.
Secondary air furnace
Approximately the same model, but without surviving, is made in another format. The dimensions are not listed here, but it is easier to understand the proportions and the location of various elements.
Volume model of a homemade stove of metal from metal
In this case, the volume of the furnace is about 130% of the volume of the heater. Normal ratio. The chimney is dismissed back, which is not always good - there may be difficulties in the device of the chimney - it may last to the ceiling beam - you have to smoke bending, which is undesirable. So about the location of the pipe - think.
Even in the environment of fans of the bath, disputes are constantly being conducted: the water heating tank in the steam room is good or bad ... one regulates the humidity opening / closing the tank cover. They are satisfied with this option. Others say that this couple is "heavy," and bring the tank to the washing office, and the water in it is warm, by building a heat exchanger in the furnace and connecting it with the tank tubes. Next scheme - a furnace in a metal bath with a water tank.
Drawing of a stove for a bath with a water tank
The design is competent - with the help of a "sparking" the path of the flue gases is longer, it remains longer in the furnace, it is better heats up the wall. If you do not want a tank, you can put stones in its place.
An interesting option with a tank, which is located in the back of the furnace. Chimney shifted back, and passes through the tank. The height of the tank is large, the heat power will be effective - the temperature of the chimney at the outlet of the tank will not be exactly.
Lot of a small oven with a big tank
Interestingly arranged Kamenka. It is not very big, but for small and medium pylons of its volume is enough. It closes the lid that on the one hand is not very convenient: to close the lid after the supply of water on the stones will be problematic. On the other hand, it is convenient to maintain.
Cuts of furnaces and sizes
How to make a sauna oven
As already mentioned, the main task of this type of heating devices is to quickly "catch up" the desired temperature and be able to support it. There is a simple solution - put a fan that will blow the walls of the furnace, accelerating the heating.
Approximately the same function is performed by the cover-convector. This casing around the furnace housing. Between it and the wall of the furnace remains a gap of 1.5-2 cm. In this slit, the air is suused below. It passes along the walls, heats up, at the same time the oven. Next rises up, spreading heat in a steam room.
Principle of operation of convection casing
If the furnace housing is made of thick metal, then the housing can be from thin. It rarely heats up to high temperatures, and the brave does not threaten it. If in the stove for the sauna stoves will be at the top, above the furnace, as in the photo, then in the case you can make holes for the ventilation of the heater. Then part of the air that rises along the walls will fall into the heaters, blow the stones and warm up even stronger. Such a healer is called ventilated. It is good for dry saunas.
Drawings and schemes
Design furnaces for sauna is easier. Need a furnace of a normal size, in which large lamps are placed. In the upper part, the side of the heater is welded above the top of the furnace, the volume of which is usually 20-25 liters. Variations can be in width / height / depth, but there are no special tricks.
Schemes of metal furnaces for sauna
Installing a tank for heating the water in the sauna steam room - the idea is not the best. You will not be able to control the humidity, and at high temperatures it is easy to get a burn. However, several options for installing tanks in the photo above.
Another type of heater is inside the furnace. If you wish, you can make a lid and such a furnace can be used in two modes - with an open lid for dry steam, with an open - to get more steam.
Heat inside the housing
How to make a stove for a bath with your own hands: photos and drawings
The Banya sincerely was considered simply a necessary attribute for preserving beauty, youth and health. And in the villages and in the country, she has a huge domestic importance today. When there are no hot water in the house, it can always be warm in the bath. And besides, if there is little space, then guests can always be located for a couple of nights in the bath. And how to do in it without a furnace? And in no way!
The masters tried to make the stoves for the bath with their own hands. And even the model bought in the store bring to mind alone. This is done so that it fully complies with all the requirements of the place where it will be installed. So you should figure out how to make a stove for the bath with your own hands.
Varieties of wood stoves
The varieties of bass furnaces are determined by the material from which they are manufactured. Most often, the design is made of bricks, but can be made of butte stone. For Kamenka best use granite . The remaining materials when the temperature drops are scattered. And this is very undesirable, given that in the bath it is taken and pouring water and tinkers on the stitch. Less often for furnaces are used metal.
The main advantages of this design:
- fire safety;
- No protective screen, with proper masonry.
Such a model allows you to use perfectly any means for skinning. You can coat it with firewood and coal without fears. And you want You can connect it to the gas heating system. And she will handle their functions well. Photo options for such models today are a lot in design catalogs.
The brick oven can have a completely any design. Drawings of options set. It can only be used to heat the stones or perform all the functions for the Finnish bath. And you want to make Turkish Hamam at home. To do this, it will be enough to put the borov in the chimney. And in combination with the Russian ferry, get a bath from Harem Sultanov.
- availability of material;
- Easy posting.
This species is made to share it into two: cast iron furnaces and steel welded. And each of them has its own features and nuances when installing. So, the cast-iron stove can only buy. But for it you can make a lot of items yourself. For example, you can not always purchase separately and lean to the furnace. Water will heat up pretty quickly, so it will be a huge plus.
It is worth noting that mostly iron furnaces for a bath, whose photos can be seen in most construction catalogs, are molded with firewood and coal, less often peat briquettes.
If you plan to make a bath only firewood, then no additional devices in the furnace of the iron furnace do not need to do . But in order to heat her coal to have to put it with refractory bricks.
By the way, if you want to extend the service life of such a furnace, then it is necessary in any case to put the brick. It will protect the furnace from moisture and temperature drops.
Welded iron furnaces for the bath is quite You can make it yourself . Especially if you own the skill of the welder. But, otherwise, it is better to trust a professional.
You will need a welding machine, a metal sheet with a thickness of at least 5 mm. After the furnace is ready, weld a separate tank for it. But remember, both when the furnace is erected and when welding the tank, all seams should be reliable and not to have a broach - not failed sites. Otherwise, you risk your own security.
On the water barrel, it is necessary to make a crane for draining water. The lower it will be located, the less water will remain in the tank, the less it will be subject to corrosion.
It is worth remembering that the metal stove can have hot walls, which is fraught with severe burns when touched them. And because You must certainly make a protective screen of bricks . Which will help protect people from touching the stoves split walls.
For an iron furnace and chimney is required iron. It can be made of pipes or welded, but in any of these cases when the oven is melting, it will be bad and flared up. The optimal option will be the creation of chimney from sandwich pipes.
Drawings and photo furnaces for bath
Before you begin assembling the furnace, you need to take care of fire safety technique. It is worth considering that the distance between the furnace and the walls should not be less than 25 cm.
Today, overseas furnaces become increasingly popular. The latter is located in the pregnant. Such a location has quite a few advantages:
- The furnace can be stir, without opening the doors to the pair, which helps to keep the heat in it;
- Before furnace necessarily lays a metal sheet . To the fallen corner did not lead to ignition. And in the steam room, it will be pretty quickly warm up, which is not very pleasant when moving on it. And in the pre-tribades on the sheet no one will walk and it will not interfere.
Only it is worth remembering that only light furnaces can be installed without foundation. If it is big enough and hard, then you will definitely need to post the foundation. At the same time, it should be laid below the level of the landscape of the Earth.
In general, the steps of the installation of the furnace to the bath are as follows:
- Decide with the type of bath;
- draw up a drawing;
- purchase all the necessary materials;
- determine where the design will stand in the bath;
- Find artist.
However, if you plan to fulfill all work yourself, the last item can be excluded.
Varieties of bass furnaces
How to make a furnace right?
Before starting to build a brick oven, need to stock some fitness . Doors - confusing and flopping, ash-stove, valve.
Water tank can be installed separately, which will significantly reduce the size of the stove itself. It is necessary to establish it so that the water is unhindered in the shower pipes and the bath itself. In order to get more steam in the bath, you can insert a pipe that will help, binding a couple, warm the lower layers of air indoors.
The design of such an oven is quite simple.
At the bottom of the furnace there is a furnace, under which a pensive hole is placed. A slightly above the expansion for the heater and the exit for smoke. Kamenka closes the door. Following the chimney. On the side of the whole design, a water tank is installed.
In the entire design you can make your changes and additions. But only if you are a master of your business. Otherwise, the risk of arranging a fire when the furnace is coming.
Establish to the masonry
Photo furnaces in the bath show that from bricks you can perform the design of any configuration and size. But still there are standard masonry rules:
- First, put the foundation on which the laid out of the first row of bricks will begin. Let him dry and start work.
- Put an asbot sheet on the foundation. And you can start to lay the first row of the heater. At the same time, bricks are fastened between themselves not with cement mortar, but clay-based composition and sand. It is more convenient to buy it in the store, because the desired clay is quite difficult to find.
- The masonry is performed according to the drawing. Each row must be checked with levels with a level. Seams between bricks need to be filling carefully. Each brick must be closed with a refinery - rubber hammer.
- If you need small pieces of bricks, it should be cut off with the help of a grinder. So you will avoid a large number of waste.
- For the Kamenka, only refractory brick is used.
- Next, go to the lays down the chimney. To do this, you It will take high quality brick . But no longer fire-resistant. After installing the pipe at the top of the chimney, it is necessary to make a deflector and protection against snow and rain.
- Leave the whole design to seek the natural way for two weeks and you can make the first time with the bath.
As you can see, there are many difficulties in this work. But with a big desire you can do any work with your own hands. Although, in order for your bath to please you every day and became a real healer for the family and guests, it is worth contacting the Master-cook. After all, the furnace is the main thing in the bath. And the better it will be done, the more benefit will bring.
- Author: Leonid Grigorievich Chernukhin
How to make a stove for a bath from a metal
The stove in this Russian bath must be economical and highlight healthy heat. For these criteria, wood heaters benefit from electrical and gas heat generators. But there is a third, no less important plus: you can make a metal furnace for a bath with your own hands, provided that we have a good electric welding. The brick version of the heater is also good, but not everyone is available due to the price of materials and difficulties of masonry in the finished room of the steam room. So choose the homemade unit from the models offered in our publication and proceed to the manufacture, using step-by-step instructions and drawings.
Selection of a bath furnace design
Ideally, the heat source made from the metal must meet the following requirements:
- Quickly warm up and lift the temperature in the steam room. With this, iron stoves coped perfectly.
- As long as possible to maintain heat. Since steel is quickly heated and cooled, you will need a device of a heater that accumulates heat, or an increase in the duration of the combustion of the furnace. Third option - after installation, put a bath furnace with bricks.
- Borrow in pair minimum useful area. If the volume of this room is too small, it is better to choose a vertical design with a loading door brought to the pre-banker.
- The heater must be safe for people's washable in the bath. To protect yourself from burns, a convection casing can be installed on the body or, again, construct a brick wall around the body.
Note. The burning duration increases along with the volume of the fuel chamber of the unit. Here you need to find a reasonable balance between the sizes of the stove and the duration of its work. The small fuel will have to constantly load firewood, instead of going to wash, and the large oven will take half the area of the steam room.
The iron furnaces for the baths are made by their own hands are the following structures:
- with a housing oriented in space vertically or horizontally;
- melt straight from the steam or from the neighboring room (the external door of the fuel can be removed);
- with water tank and without it;
- With an outdoor or inner stone.
Kamenka vertical type
The vertical body of the stove shown in the photo gives 1 advantage - saving places in the bath. The disadvantages are greater: the small duration of burning (due to the fact that the flame covers all the wood bookmark) and not too high heat transfer. According to these important parameters, the horizontal bath heater wins the vertical, but at the same time it takes a large area.
Horizontal stove with stone and tank
If there is no electric water heater in the bath, you should not put anything on the oven or chimney of the water heating tank intended for the wash. It can be welded from ordinary metal, and better from stainless steel. There is a more convenient way to heal water: the tank located in the washing machine is connected to the pipes with a samovar steel heat exchanger installed on the chimney pipe.
Steel heat exchanger for chimney
An open heater, which took place from the Finnish sauna, heats up to a maximum of 400 ° C, but it can be poured with water in order to "submit the park." Kamenka, closed inside the housing of the stove, accumulate more heat, warming up to 700-800 ° C, but it is contaminated with passing flue gases and because they require periodic cleaning.
Reference. Some craftsmen collect metal furnaces with inner brickwork, whose scheme is shown above. They serve for a long time without burning the walls, but complex in the manufacture, and chamoten brick costs money. Details about various bath heaters you can find out, reviewing video:
Preparation of materials
It is best to make a stove in a bath from a steel pipe with a diameter of 300-500 mm or a gas cylinder. There are several reasons:
- The pipe is the ready-made corpus of the unit, which simplifies the case;
- The cylindrical form is preferable to rectangular for the considerations of aerodynamics (air flow) and heat transfer;
- The vaulted walls without seams will serve longer than flat;
- A round fuel is easier to clean from ash and soot.
Council. From the sheet metal with a thickness of 2 mm to make a roller, and iron 3 mm will go on the doors. Try not to use high-carbon steel brand above ST35, which can be finished from exposure to high temperature, deform and burst on the seams. The right furnace is welded from the brand ST3.
Stages of manufacture door
The grille can be made from the corners or reinforcement of the periodic profile. The budget option is a sheet of thick iron with longitudinal slots, purchased - cast iron grate. Doors It is advisable to perform two-layer with a basalt fiber gasket (in the photo) so as not to burn with random touch.
Kamenka oven - Manufacturing Guide
We offer to your attention 3 common structures of metal stoves for a bath:
- A simple horizontal stove from a cylinder, cleaned inside the steam room;
- Kamenka from a pipe 530 mm with a remote fuel machine;
- Vertical bathtop "three in one".
The first option is attractive for simplicity in manufacturing, small size and mobility. For homemade, the old propane cylinder is required with a diameter of 300 or 500 mm and trimming of a metal roller. The second heater is distinguished by an additional section with a door embedded in the opening of the wall by steam room, and an open stone. The third model is a whole boiler consisting of three compartments - the fuel, a closed heater and a tank for heating water.
Council. If you find a good pipe or a cylinder fails, cook the stove according to the drawing of sheet steel with a thickness of at least 3 mm (better - 5 mm). First you have to perform a number of operations to assemble the furnace - cutting blanks and welding them between themselves with a clear observance of 90 ° corners.
In the drawings - options for heating aggregates from sheet iron
Weld up a simple stove
The first thing to do is to correctly cut off the cylinder cover on the factory seam. To do this, unscrew the gas valve and fill the container with water, and then you can work with a grinder.
Reference. Propane is heavier than air, and therefore reluctantly leaves closed vessels. In order not to get an explosion when cutting a metal, it is customary to be out from there with water.
Assembling the heater, follow the presented drawing, observing this order:
- Cut in the end of the cover cover for mounting the doors and in the case under the chimney nozzle. Made from metal strips. Make framing the boot and ash door, breed them to the openings.
- Collect the grille on welding and put it on the corners, fixed inside the cylinder. We weld the sliced lid into place.
- Make sash, as shown in the photo. Install them on the loop and attach constipation.
- Fit the leg and chimney nozzle to the body.
After the assembly, the stove for the bath from the gas cylinder melts out on the street in order to burn all the old paint. It can then be degreased and dying again, using the heat-resistant composition of the KO series.
Manufacturing an aggregate with remote furnace
To make such a furnace, you need to harvest the parts made of metal and cut the pipe into the size, focusing on the drawing:
Council. Preparing the metal for the additional section of the heater, measure the wall thickness between the steam room and the prebate. So you will learn the width of the extensive part, which will enter the opening of the partition.
Further work follow the instructions:
- Cut the hole in the upper part of the pipe, weld the flue of the chimney to it, and from the bottom of the pop-up - legs. Put sediments as described in the previous section.
- Make the front section and weld attach it to the furnace. To the tile end of the body weld the deaf disc from the metal.
- Make insulated basalt doors with handles and install them in place.
Important moment. The lower plane of remote furnace should be flush with the pipe wall for the convenience of cleaning the ash bar.
From above to the finished stove left to weld the frame for a heater from the corners, covered by a large-scale metal grid. After firing, staining and mounting in the bath at the place fill the grid with special stones from the list:
As in practice, a similar bath oven is made, describes in detail on the video:
Making a vertical boiler
The peculiarity of the round unit presented in the drawing is the presence of 3 cameras - fuel, heating and water tank. Their value may vary according to your desire, for example, than the large sizes of the furnace you will make, the longer it will burn 1 fireworks. The increase in the heater will accumulate more heat that is distinguished by a long time after the fuel is enrolled.
Council. It is not necessary to highly increase the volume of the tank with water, otherwise it will not have time to warm up by the time of the wave.
The order of assembling the boiler looks like this:
- Cut the billets of partitions, bottom and metal covers with a thickness of at least 5 mm. Prepare pipe ends and boil round shape.
- In the case, run opening of the door and the launch of the stones.
- Make in the chimney holes in partitions and install them inside the pipe. Tank cover fasten on loops.
- Make the door from semicircular cut pieces and put them on the canopies.
- Set the chimney and the crane to drain the water at the bottom of the tank.
If desired, even in this furnace can make a remote furnace. To do this, it is necessary to increase the boot and intrinsic channel, welding on the side of the pipe blank from the required width, as shown above in the photo. The correct assembly of such a heat generator is shown in detail in the following video:
Installation of the furnace in the bath
Since the correct steam room is always built of wood, the main requirement when installing the wood heat heater is fire safety. To support it, observe simple rules:
- The stove cannot be put straight on the wooden floor, but only on the iron sheet, protruding the windbox to 70 cm;
- The walls of the walls of combustible materials also need to be protected from the fire by the sheets of roofing iron or Minister;
- When the heater is installed with the removal of the fuel, the opening in the wooden partition is also trimmed by non-flammable materials, as is done in the photo;
- The distance from the isolated chimney pipe to the building structures from the tree is 38 cm.
The channel for removing the products of burning to the street is recommended to do from a double-sleeved sandwich with a basalt wool filler. Often, the same water tank of the square shape, built in the overlapping, is often used to isolate the chimney. How the stove is installed correctly in the bath, depicted in the diagram:
Important. Do not use indoors of a bath sheet or cord asbestos for thermal insulation, it highlights dust harmful to health.
When a homeowner is faced with a choice - folded a stone bath oven or put a metal, then the majority leans to the second option as more economical. The homemade iron stove will be released even cheaper, in addition she is ideal for all parameters, because you yourself think of its design. Do you have a welding work? Save differently by ordering the assembly of the unit in a specialized workshop.
Sources: http://baniwood.ru/kak-sdelat-metallicheskuyu-pech-dlya-bani.html, http://kotel.guru/pechi/dlya-bani/kak-sdelat-pechku-dlya-bani-svoimi Rukami-Foto-i-Chertezhi.html, http://quustu.com/kak-sdelat-pech-dlya-bani-iz-metalla/
How to make a stove for a bath do it yourself details from the master
The design of the stove is primitive, but has a number of significant conditions. The difference between an ordinary heating stove and a bath, in the fact that additional elements are placed in the second, it is a heater and water tank.
Many masters stop their choice on the manufacture of a stove into a bath with their own hands without buying in the store. The construction process is not simple, and requires enough time.
First you need to get acquainted with the main components of bath stoves, and this is:
- consumed energy;
- laying location;
- Heat heating system.
Fuel types and stove types
The stove in the bath is divided into 2 basic groups, it is: metal (cast-iron) and brick options. Brick bath stoves are heat-insulated, they warm longer, but they still cool down. The iron furnace is a heating object by economy species, due to the multitasking, simplicity and convenience of equipment. When choosing a furnace or a fireplace, it is necessary to watch not only on the design of the heat source, but also on the type of fuel. Various fuels during combustion of the same mass will be distinguished by different amounts of heat. There are many variations of the energy carrier.
By aggregate stay and type of fuel, all fuel groups are distributed on solid, liquid and gaseous fuel. Solid is a common class of fuel, it includes: coal, peat, briquettes, firewood, pallets. Apply only in everyday furnaces as they are rapidly burned. Liquid fuel type is kerosene, fuel oil, diesel, boiler room, coke-chemical liquid.
They have a significant calorific value. The first type of gas-like fuel is natural gas, which is acquired from gas deposits, or associated gas during naphtha mining. He owns a good heat feature.
Positive and negative qualities of metal furnaces for a bath
The steam can not be without a furnace, because it is she warming the room and keep the desired temperature. In our guest, you can find a wide range of a variety of options. But it is best to make a furnace for yourself.
The perfections of the metal device include:
- actions are made rapidly, and at the same time not very expensive, this can be done autonomously with elementary knowledge and experience;
- a significant part of the compact models, so they are suitable for small saunas;
- Swipe heating steam room to the needed temperature, even in the winter season;
- The mechanism can last long, it all depends on the condition of welding and thick metal;
- overwhelming fuel spending;
- Easy to use, it will even cope with a person who does not have adequate skills.
Iron oven has negative qualities, it is:
- Small heat capacity, it is not enough for heating a rest room;
- excessively rapid cooling, so you need to regularly coat;
- The walls are warm, and objects placed nearby can light up.
Determine Which stove is better for the bath is not easy, there is a lot of constructive qualities.
Metal is a malleable material than ceramics, it can be melted and pouring, edged, cut, bend, riveted. There is a considerable number of metals. Basically in the manufacture of a furnace with their own hands from the metal to focus the horizon for its quality. Metals used for the production of heating mechanism This: ordinary steel, heat-resistant variations of steel, surrogates and cast iron.
The second stage will create a stove, and choose the type of its design. The release is of different shapes, the main thing to comply with the connection technology. For this there are schemes where the structural properties of all elements are painted in detail. It is allowed to be created open or covered with a stone. It is intently to take into account the dimensions of the baths. The elementary design should consist of a tank for water and firebox, and definitely have a tube, rod and grate.
Still must have durable cheeks. To remove the burning results, it is desirable that the furnace is equipped with a chimney tube. As well as a crane that will be mounted on a tank with water. Not all the stoves look harmoniously in the interior of the house, you can resolve this problem by removing the portal for a bath furnace with your own hands.
Differences of metal furnaces for a bath and sauna
Steam steers in the sauna and bath have impressive differences, this is the temperature and dryness of the air. In the bath, the temperature varies from 50 to 70 degrees, eventually the friable steam is formed. In the sauna, the temperature is above 85 degrees Celsius, steam leaves dry. To create certain conditions in the steam room, various furnaces and all kinds of approaches are applied when they are installed.
To remove the sauna, it is necessary to observe the extreme contact of the membrane of the furnace with air to supply the rapid circulation of air flows along the walls.
Everything comes down to the air warmed up faster. In the bath, the microclimate is organized in a different way, where high temperature is achieved and a lot of steam is formed. To achieve the effects, stones are placed in the furnace, that is, in a closed heater. A small heater is predisposed above the furnace, which accompany the stones to heat up to 250 degrees Celsius.
The next difference is that the metal furnaces for saunas are convection, and all baths are organized so as to avoid thermoconversion without a residue. Convection is a regular syllable, this is the movement of the air inside the room.
Furnaces for Russian baths made by hand
The current Russian sauna is a small house from a bar or logs. Inside, as a rule, there is a division into 2 rooms, namely, the pre-banker and the steam room. The oven for the Russian bath is not just a heating mechanism, it is its essential accessory. It depends on the temperature, dryness and steps of warming up the steam. There are a lot of categories of bass furnaces.
But not all suitable for the Russian bath. The fundamental difference will be heated air to a temperature of 65 degrees Celsius, while pairs are created in the range from 60 to 80 percent. As a result, the pair is formed, so-called, weak steam.
This is a pleasant, moderate or almost no burning velvety couple. In the true Russian bath, it is nice and just breathing, and the skin will not experience hard heat loads.
Often in the bath put a brick or steel stove. All these materials are great and good to transmit heat. There are no stamps for the construction of furnaces, only the general positions of architecture and construction sites are observed.
Short description and dimensions of metal stove
The iron furnace for the bath is capable of perfectly to dump small rooms. It is created covered, opened and combined design. The mechanism has a tank for heating the water and built into the upper part of the furnace Kamenko. The closed device consists of 3 compartments, it is a camera with a confusion, a heater and a hole for the withdrawal of steam, and a tank for heating water.
The open-end installation has a metal grille on which stones are placed, which is predisposed above the heat chamber. There are no permissions between the furnace and stones. Combined tools of such a group are allocated from other presence of an enlarged furnace chamber equipped with double docks and grate.
The fire from all edges heats the stitch, and it significantly increases the coefficient of the furnace productivity. The ovens are different, when it is construction, the parameters of the steam room and the number of washing people in it are taken into account.
The size of the heating system depends on its size. The higher the coefficient, the more you need to burn fuel. For perfect air warming, the parameters of the bath furnace are obliged to be as follows: the ratios of the furnace of the furnace to the area of heated room 1:50 or 1:70, the depth of the flue opening - 1: 2 or 2: 3, and the volume of the furnaces to the chimney section should be in proportion 1: ten.
The heat exchanger for a bath furnace is a technical unit that heats the incoming liquid followed by its transmission to the mounted capacity.
Features of the design of a metal furnace
The furnace firebox is the most important element of any focus. It sets the characteristics of the furnace, since it depends on the heating rate and the quality of the steam output. Fire or Top Equipment Fixture for organic fuel burning. The furnaces are made from unequal materials, designed for a variety of fuels, has different sizes.
Metal or finned finch is a high-tech apparatus, more economical in fuel consumption. The coefficient of its useful action depends on the competent design.
Classic coat furnace furnace consists of the following basic elements:
- Front Front of the flue space, where the loading door is located;
- The head wall, where, depending on the furnace mechanism, the output window may be located for the flue gas removal;
- furnace of firebox or ceiling, where Located output window;
- Sole is the lower horizontal part of the closed fuel volume.
It can be the inner, located directly inside the furnace, and remote, is a tunnel stroke, the fuel laying can be carried out from another room.
What made metal furnaces for a bath
The iron furnace for the bath is a classic variant of long burning with water abis. The device consists of a metal closed box, equipped with a flue door and an exhaust pipe.
For the production of metal furnaces for the bath with their own hands, raw materials and details will be required:
- steel sheet with a thickness of about 8 millimeters;
- The doors for the firebox, pondered and the heater;
- tap water;
- chimney pipe.
Carrying out the equipment needs to use a fat metal, so the device during heating will predominate heat.
Production of furnace furnace for a bath of metal
The installation of the firebox must be performed in accordance with all standards. Foundation for firebox is a very important element. The duration of its use depends on the reliability of the basis, which can be from several months to decades. By itself, the firebox looks rather not aesthetically, therefore it is refined by the fireplace tile. Variations How to make a lot of firebox for a bath.
For a frame, a sheet of steel is a thickness of at least two millimeters, you can also use a harsh barrel, but with an added fastening. The sheet is divided into several segments, for firebox, tank and heaters.
The residue will be needed for the manufacture of the doors. The length of the corners or records will be welded, where the grate will be reeded. Its best to purchase in the store.
Manufacture of Kamenka
Kamenka, such a furnace version, is called because it consists of individual stones. When combustion of fuel, the stones are heated, and water that turns out to be on them, forms. First of all, you need to choose the design and dimensions of the mechanism for water heating. For the Kamenka attach welding rods. Since she is heavy, rods or square must be at least 10 millimeters.
In Kamenka, the door teetrates to transmit water on the stones. At the same time, the door of the Kamenka is obliged to look into the steam room, and the firebox should be located opposite the entrance. Stones are distributed to the heater with some gap not close. Not bad to apply stones with small crystals of small dimensions. It can be diabases or only chlorite.
Stones are prohibited in itself, it promotes carbon monoxide, and this is harmful to life. Over Kamenka, you need to attach a metal cover for chimney, and after establishing a water tank.
Creating a tank for water heating
The most practical method of water heating in the bath, use heat from the stove. You can install a tank for a bath furnace in several ways, the main thing is the location of the tank, it can be: internal, mounted and remote location.
For the development of the tank, three versions of the material are used: cast iron, stainless steel or stainless steel tanks. For the manufacture of the iron bar, it is necessary to carry out a number of actions.
First you need to cut off the desired piece of the pipe. Separate space must be carefully handled. Then you need to start setting the bottom and the upper capacitance cover. The next stage Spike all carved parts. After you need to install a tap and nozzles, and a heat exchanger for a bath furnace. Then work on the installation of the module.
We collect the furnace for the bath with your own hands from the metal
The furnace for the bath is preferred to construct separately. This is due to the fact that it is permissible to make exactly that model of the furnace what I wanted to you. Then, in order to make a metal furnace for a bath with your own hands, you will need to read the skills of reading drawings, construction tools and materials. At the beginning it is necessary to make a project, and determine the size of the device.
There are 2 structural options of homemade furnaces, it is a horizontal and vertical version. For the manufacture of the furnace you need:
- Prut debit ten millimeters;
- Leaf steel, pushed 8 millimeters;
- iron pipe;
- water crane;
- Two meters of pipe.
We take a major fragment of the pipe and cut out the opening in it for pondered. In the middle of the pipe from the side of the opening, you weld the fastenings for the grate. Then we draw the furnace, for this we weld fastening for rods of Kamenka. On the reverse side of the heater cut the hole through it, steam will be served. Fill the stones suitable for a similar type of unit.
In the roof for the oven cut the hole under the chimney pipe and install it. And do not forget to put a bath oven with a useful material to create a classic oven. The device is easy to comply with the instructions.
Required devices for work
Installation of a bath furnace is important, on the correctness of the organization of which the normal operation of the installation depends. Initially, it is necessary to choose a place to accommodate it. It is still necessary to adhere to the rules of fire safety.
According to the standards, the distance between the furnace and the easily flammable wall should be at least 25 centimeters. Before you need to determine which stove you decided to put. The next stage is the preparation of the plan, and counting the required material.
To build a homemade oven, you need tools: Bulgarian, scissors for metal, apparatus for the sale of welding, diverse measuring and marking kits. You still need material. Step-by-step manufacturing process can be viewed on the video presented in this article.
Making a stove of a heater for a bath from a metal pipe
Bath furnace made of pipes with your own hands is the easiest and economical option to arrange the room. A similar design will act well in each room. Thanks to the sealed body, the manufactured furnace from the pipe 530 will not highlight carbon monoxide in activity, such a form, it is completely safe. A bath from the pipe can be made of two species, it is a horizontal and vertical model.
A similar type of furnace significantly reduces the number of welding actions. In order to obtain an improved stove, only high-quality tubes are used, without corrosion. The preparation should be cut into two stakes, a longer segment is needed for the manufacture of firebox and heaters, and the remaining piece is suitable for the construction of the tank. At the beginning you need to start doing thought.
At the bottom of the pipe, the hole is cut out, and a strong plate of a round-round configuration is welded above it. Then make the furnace and the door for it. Door suspend on a loop or hooks. A cut of a pipe is welded above the furnace, which will be applied as a heater.
Material for a metal furnace in a bath
Production of furnaces Interesting and time-consuming procedure. There are many types of models of metal furnaces. The main task is that it is before you to create a sufficiently strong design so that there are no deformations and high heat conductivity. For the manufacture of the mechanism, different materials are used, this is cast iron, steel and heat-resistant steel. The most common manufactory to be supplemented with steel.
This matter takes the temperature to 400 degrees. Purgeted steel begins from 4 millimeters, but minus material is that it quickly goes. The next material used is the heat-resistant steel.
The minimum metal thickness is 3 millimeters. The stoves are made from the safest material, productive and easy-to-install. Another material for the formation of metal stoves for baths - cast iron. In strength, it is not inferior to steel, but its heat capacity and fragility are comparable to ceramics.
Installation of the furnace in the bath
Accurate installation of the stove into a bath with your own hands a responsible procedure, as the comfort and safety of its operation will depend on it.
In order to effectively warm the steam room, you need to choose the location of the furnace structure. Observing all the rules and rules for the placement of heating tools will allow many years not to worry about the reworking of the bath device.
First of all, it is necessary to calculate the dimensions of the device under the size of the room at high temperature, because the roof and interior decoration can be burned, or melted, so that it is necessary to make it necessary to choose the correct placement of the stove. You should also take care of the installation of an exhaust for a bath furnace, and do it yourself. It should be located in 50 centimeters from a wooden coating.
If it is protected by a metal screen distance can be reduced. Partitions opposite the furnace may not be isolated. Clearance from the ceiling to the top cover should be 1.5 meters.
Elements of furnace design should be unimpeded access, in cases of accidents. You still need to plan the ventilation system in detail in the steam room, and consider the burning output. When installing a brick oven, you need to create a solid foundation, and light metal structures are placed on the non-combustible base of the floor.
Drawings of a bathing furnace made of metal Build a furnace with their own hands
In order to make an iron furnace for a bath, from metal will be required, pre-design it. First of all, you need to create a layout, indicating all the necessary sizes in the drawing.
Sketch is a graphic image performed on a specific scale. The stoves can be any forms, sizes and are made from different material. The furnace schemes are quite a lot and each of them is characterized by its functionality.
It is better to start with the furnace, because the furnace is the first element in the manufacture. The size of the furnace must be determined independently, based on the size of the steam room. The main thing to remember that the height and width should be the same.
Almost all sketches of the furnace consists of 2 parts. Firewood burns in the first part, and the second fulfills the function pissed. On the upper part of the furnace placed stones, it should be done with the grille. On some layouts you can see ready-made elements that can be bought, and do not cook and cut, it is: doors, handles, grids.
How to independently make a stove for a bath?
Many bath owners are thinking about how to make an oven on their own. This solution has many advantages, among which and the savings, and the ability to make a product with the necessary dimensions, and high quality furnace. However, you should consider several nuances before taking on an independent manufacture.
Bath and sauna are far from the same thing, so the furnaces for them will be completely different. If the sauna needs to create a high temperature, while the heat should be rigid and dry, then in the bath, the opposite is the opposite. The temperature also remains high, but due to high humidity, the heat is powder and the temperature is practically not felt. Such procedures are useful for both physical and mental state.
Most baths are made of wood, and the type of furnace also depends on this, which will be arranged there. For example, oak baths are designed to create high temperatures, and brick furnaces are most often built there.
Lime facilities are extremely rare due to the fact that the lime wood is a deficient product, and few people can afford such construction. Stoves here should not have a strong power . The heat should not be strong, as the lime baths belong to the discharge of the lungs. Of course, the simplest solution is to buy a finished furnace designed for a specific bath area. However, many refuse to decide.
First, I do not want to overpay. Indeed, the high-quality stove, built by hand, is two or three times cheaper than the same option from the famous manufacturer. Secondly, the oven, built with your own hands, allows the master to express himself. Thirdly, such a design can be made any size and configuration so that it perfectly stood in your bath. Furnaces manufactured by personal measurements to order are very expensive, so it is much easier to make the stove yourself.
Pros and cons of homemade structures
Independent manufacture of oven design has both its advantages and disadvantages. It is necessary to take into account both those and others in order to soberly assess their strength and understand whether it is worth it for an independent manufacture or better not to save and order a ready-made solution.
So, the advantages include the following provisions:
- Attractive appearance which can be varied at your own request. Those who have experience in welding work, as well as throughout the independent manufacture of things, can do a truly unique design, which is not inferior to factory counterparts.
- Economy . Homemade baths arranged in the right way are not inferior factory in terms of fuel economy or electricity if this option is selected.
- High performance . A properly designed and built bath furnace has a high efficiency, so that no heat disappears a gap - everything is transmitted to the pair.
- Easy to maintain . Homemade furnaces are easier to maintain, since the person manufacturing their knows where which is which places need to be cleaned carefully, and which one you can only check.
- Durability . Like the factory, furnaces made by their own hands, serve not one year, but if we are talking about brick, it can serve several dozen years.
- Saving places . Thanks to the variability of the parameters, it is possible to rationally enter the furnace construct into the bath, while leaving too large gaps or not having not even occupy a lot of space.
As for the shortcomings, they are not so much, but still they are:
- If the homemade oven is made of stone, then it can have too much weight. This will require additional strengthening the foundation, which will entail additional costs.
- There is a need to protect the environment, because it does not always have an amateur well to have the necessary knowledge as to how to reduce the temperature outside the furnace.
- It is necessary to carry out all work with a high proportion of professionalism, since the incorrectly made oven will not properly warm the room with a steam room and generally deliver more problems than joy.
Difference of the kiln from the boiler
Many mistakenly believe that the oven and the boiler are the same thing. Indeed, making the boiler is somewhat simpler than the oven, but this does not eliminate the lack of The boiler will never create the required temperature in the bath. . The main purpose of the furnace is the return of heat. It dissipates heat around or crossing it into a certain place, but does not concentrate inside itself.
With the boiler, everything is exactly the opposite. It injected heat inside, and then transmits it through pipes. However, the lion's share of heat is lost in the process of passing through the pipes, which is why the temperature drops greatly, so the boiler is not able to properly warm the bath.
Thus, the choice in favor of the furnace, not the boiler, is obvious, even though it turns out to be more difficult to manufacture. It is important that you do not be deceived by meeting in numerous instructions for assurances that the boiler and stove are the same.
To date, homemade furnaces are divided into many parameters. Among them are not only materials, but also the location of the furnace, the presence or absence of fuel, the method of heating the heating of the heating. In order to properly estimate the advantages and disadvantages of each of the options available, it is necessary to study them all.
It is important that not all of these species are available for execution of a newcomer. Most requires certain experience and knowledge regarding how to make such structures should be made, on what to concentrate attention. Knowing that the furnace of what kind you want to see in your bath will avoid when people spend time and effort to add those options that will not be used in the future. For example, The steam generator or tank is not always needed. The same applies to the dimmer With which you can set the temperature.
The last option is available only to either professional burns or people who are well-dismantled in the nuances of such technological devices and have decided to build an electric stove.
Closed and open
The division of bath furnaces to closed and open is a fundamental factor from which the type of heat is depends on the root. So, in closed furnaces, stones are covered with a lid. This is done so that the stones do not cooled longer, giving heat only as needed. Whatever the temperature in the baths with a closed pair stove will be wet, soft, easy.
In the Russian baths you can find similar stamps much more often.
As for open furnaces, then they are more characteristic of the sauna than for a bath . They give hard heat, the humidity is almost on the zero level. With all this, the stones are heated almost instantly to high temperatures.
Such a furnace to build easier Since you do not have to work on the manufacture of the lid, however, for the bath, this option is not the best due to dry hot steam. Wet steam is welcome in the bath.
The separation by material is the most obvious of all. There are not many options. Today, only metals and brick are available for independent work.
The dream of many owners of the bath is the brick oven. This is connected not only with its traditional and solid form, but also durability, the ability to save heat for a long time and other positive features. However, in order to lay out such a stove, you will have to work hard. The laying is quite a lot of time, moreover, a certain experience is required. Also It will be necessary to purchase special materials: an ordinary brick will not fit.
An important disadvantage of brick furnace structures is their weight. Small The furnace designed for heating the middle bath can weigh up to 300 kilograms, so the foundation under such a furnace will need to strengthen . However, this drawback is bothering that such a furnace is suitable for heating and a two-storey bath, and not only to create a sufficient temperature in the steam room. In addition, the aesthetically, such a stove looks most attractive precisely thanks to its traditional outforth.
Many bath owners do not represent their steam room without such an impressive design.
Metal furnaces are a more common option due to the fact that it is much easier to build this design. All that will need is a sheet metal, tools for cutting and bonding and welding skills. Thanks to such a simple set, metal options and acquired such a mad popularity among lovers.
However, the furnace can not be done from any metal. For example, Aluminum with which it is so easy to work is categorically not suitable for these purposes. . He and in the cooled state easily bends, and if he was heatting it, it will be strong and bent. As a result, the stove loses the form after the first heating.
Not suitable for these purposes and copper . Copper furnaces are excellent in operation, but in itself this color metal is quite expensive, as a result of which it turns out cheaper to buy a finished unit than to mount it manually.
Steel stoves make the easiest due to the fact that the steel is a malleable material, but not too much. Steel sheets are easy to handle, but it is difficult to drive it hand, so they are more preferable to build stoves . But practice shows that steel ovens have many flaws.
So, the steel is late to the level when the heat becomes uncomfortable and tough, because of which it is unpleasant to take such a bath. Somehow to eliminate this drawback, since this is the costs of using the steel case.
Among other things, the steel oven radiates harmful infrared radiation, which generally reduces the entire useful effect of the bath.
Steel stoves are quickly cooled, although they are quickly heated. A constant feedback will be required to save the temperature at least at one level.
You will also have to monitor what kind of firewood or other combustion sources to maintain heat are used. If you use such a heat source that has too high combustion temperatures, the furnace can deform and stop look attractive.
Cast iron furnaces enjoy mad popular, as cast iron among all metals is most well adapted for the manufacture of furnaces. This is due to some specific features inherent in cast iron.
So, the cast-iron oven heats up quite quickly. Not as fast as steel, of course, but faster than brick. At the same time, it also warms the steam room quickly. Compared to the brick oven, the cast iron "works" twice as fast.
Cast iron stoves hold the temperature for a long time, highlighting a comfortable heat for man. The heat is soft, steam is wet. In this case, there is no adverse infrared radiation that can adversely affect health. By the deadlines of the cast-iron furnace can be compared with the brick .
The cast iron is not afraid of high temperatures, so in the theory in the bath it is possible to create any temperature. Cast iron constructs are not deformed even as a result of shocks, not to mention the effect of heat. In addition, cast iron aggregates do not rust, which is an additional advantage.
As for what can be dried by a bath, then there are many options. Among them are traditional, and modern. It should be related in advance that special skills require the manufacture of electric furnaces or combined. In the first case, knowledge of the engineering case may be needed, in the second - the ability to combine several techniques in one product at once.
As a rule, such fuel options are selected for home bath furnaces, which will not require a large amount of money in the future. Energy-saving technologies or recycling raw materials are used . This is especially true of wood stoves.
Some bother with wood-chip stoves left after repair, but this is categorically not recommended to do so, since health is still useful to choose real wood (oak, birch).
Electric bathing stoves appeared not so long ago. Today, factory analogues are widely distributed. Few people venture to make such a design on their own, fearing to allow a mistake and spoil expensive raw materials. but Much more often than electric furnaces, you can meet electric fireplaces. It makes no sense to make it simply an electric oven, since with moderate electricity consumption, it will warm the pair too long, And for rapid heating will have to use too much electricity, which will negatively affect the utility bills.
It is better to use electrical feedback capabilities only to maintain the available room temperature. Then the electricity does not spend a lot, and you do not have to fight over a full-fledged electric furnace, and the maintenance of temperature on the level should be much easier.
A favorite option that most prefers are stoves on firewood. They are recognized as the best option for the bath, as the pairs from the real wooden firewood are useful for health. Build a wood-burning oven is the easiest: There are many schemes and ways, with which you can do it.
Stone wood stoves are best served However, cast iron analogues are also quite acceptable. So, Brick oven on firewood does not cool down, and if you use long burning firewood You can maintain the desired temperature at least all night.
However, problems may arise in order to fold this option correctly. To do this, you will need the help of a professional bicker, and there are quite a bit in the market. A wood-burning furnace can be made of steel or cast iron. If you have some experience, choose cast iron . It is more difficult to work with it, but the furnace will get more reliable.
To date, gas furnaces are almost as in demand, as well as wood. Often make combined options in which the furnace can be fed and firewood and gas. However, such a popular gas bath is explained not only by their ability to quickly and high-quality air in the pair.
Gas is one of the cheapest types of fuel, so there is not much money for his purchase. Among other things, The gas furnace does not have to clean and clean so often like wood Since the gas cannot score chimney or clog the fuel chamber.
An independent manufacture of a gas stove is a rather complicated procedure, because there will have to take into account many requirements, but it guarantees high safety of the stove in the future.
If you are not confident in your abilities, it is better to give up from the manufacture of a bath furnace to gas, otherwise the bath can simply turn into a gas chamber.
By location of the furnace
When the bathing stoves were only invented, the furnace was located inside the furnace and there was no thought that it could be located somehow differently. However, over time, people realized that small refinements were able to completely change the furnace structure itself, as well as the quality of air and heat in the steam room. So there were remote furnaces. To date, there are only two location options - built-in and remote.
Each of the options has its advantages and minuses, so it is definitely determined which of the options is better, it is impossible. Each of them is suitable in some particular case, often remaining the only possible.
Built-in firebox is used only in cases where it is necessary to save space. It happens that you have to abandon the presence of a fellow when it comes to a very tiny bath. However, this is all the advantages of this option ends.
Minuses have built-in firebox many times more than pluses. Thus, the location of the furnace inside the pair contributes to the fact that oxygen burns out in the room, which is so few there. The only way to fix the situation is to establish a ventilation system. . Oxygen will really become more, but this will lead to the fact that the temperature is strongly decreasing and he will have to heat the stove harder. As a result, oxygen will be flawed again. It turns out a vicious circle.
Also, the prospect of throwing firewood, if the firebox is inside the steam, does not seem tempting, because accidentally jumped coal is able to lead to the fact that the whole bath will flash like a match.
Remote firebox is much more functional, but there is enough space for it. In this case, the chamber itself is thrown into the firewood, is indoors, adjacent to the pair. Pros are obvious: there is no risk of getting from the lack of oxygen, the firewood is thrown out of another room, so the risk of fire is also minimized. Whatever the temperature in the bath, the microclimate will still be comfortable because the precious oxygen burn out will not and the heat will not seem hard.
A significant minus consists only that the bath must consist of at least two rooms, that is, to have a larger area. However, this minus can be called a minus only with stretch, because few people make a bath, consisting only of the wage.
Another important note: the fire extinguisher is better located near the furnace, just in case.
According to the heating method of heating
This clable implies the placement of stones relative to the source of heat. There are furnaces of periodic and constant heating. In the furnaces of constant heating, which are more common today, stones are not in contact directly with exiting products of combustion. They are located in a special capacity, which is located in the steam room. The stones of the middle faction remain clean, they can be pouring a little water To make couples more wet. Thus, the limiting heating temperature of stones reaches 400 degrees, steam is obtained dry and rigid, more characteristic of the Finnish sauna.
A height of periodic heating looks completely different. Here, smoke from the exhaust fuel passes directly through the stones, in the future leaving the chimney. This imposes certain restrictions: for example, It is impossible to wash in the bath until all the fuel will procee and all carbon dioxide will come out otherwise you can be lit. Stones in this case are heated to extremely high temperatures - 1000 degrees. Course is formed immediately as you are plenty of water stones. By the way, Stones for such Kamenok should be large and rounded.
By the presence of a tank
Often the baths are equipped with a water tank side. So the heat from the side walls of the stove does not disappear in vain, but heats the water located in the tank, which can be used in the future. The side of the heat exchanger also acts as a heat exchanger, due to the presence of which the optimal microclimate in the pre-banker and steam room is achieved.
Another purpose of the tank is the heating of the rest of the building. It happens that the bath is located on the ground floor at home. After the furnace was natoplen, it warmly warms the water, which is in the future to be distributed throughout the house through the pipe system.
Such improvised heating radiators can be made with their own hands, if you further explore how such a system works, what it is based on. Cooking the same ordinary tank in the side of the furnace or the chimney will not be any difficulty.
With steam generator
As for the steam generator device, this solution allows you to fill the room with a heavy wet ferry, as in Hammam, and without resorting to the complete alteration of the stove. The most interesting solution is the installation of a mini-steam generator in addition to a homemade bath furnace, which will save space, while it will be cope with its task at no worse.
In addition to the listed, there are some more varieties of bathing stoves that do not fall under any classification. One of them can serve Mobile oven. It has a much smaller size and weight, because of which it can be relatively free to move from the room in the room . Mobile stoves are usually equipped with a built-in furnace, since there would be more problems with the removable.
Bath of the upper burning, or feeding - a design, in which burning begins with the upper tier of laid firewood, gradually recking on the underlying rows. Such constructions since ancient times were used for Russian baths, as they avoid serious heat loss at the very beginning of burning.
Development of fuel occurs gradually and the damage is already on the period when the steam room is hot enough, and everything that is required is to maintain the temperature.
What to pay attention to when choosing?
Before you stop your final choice on any of the options, it is necessary to evaluate it in several parameters. Such a thorough preparation is required due to the fact that the construction of the furnace (especially brick) is the occupation of troublesome and requiring financial investments, so it is important not to be mistaken.
The assessment is made on the basis of the most obvious and common factors, and they affect both the choice of material and the design.
How quickly the oven is heated, is playing crucial if it comes to a year for year-round use. If in the summer there is practically no risk that the bathroom will not warm well, then in winter it is extremely high.
So, in the summer you can heat the bath for 3-4 hours, while in the winter it will be necessary to spend 8-12 hours to spend on it.
It is also important how well the stove keeps warm. For example, the steel design is well warmed up, but also quickly cools, which is negatively affected by the time during which in the bath you can wash. A controversial question is whether it is worth heating for 3 hours a bath to be able to get in it just for an hour. To maintain temperature, too much fuel will go, which is irrational from a financial point of view.
Here is meant the presence of a steam generator, a tank, as well as the location of the furnace relative to the furnace. All these nuances were discussed in detail in the section with classification.
The method of heating Kamenka
Contact stones with smoke from heat sources plays an important role, since it depends on how soon in the bath it will be possible to wash. It affects the temperature and humidity of the air in the bath, as well as to the microclimate. Some varieties are suitable more for saunas, others - for Russian baths, but recently Combined options are most popular when the air humidity can be varied at their own request. . For this purpose, the playgrounds of periodic heating with a miniature steam generator are most suitable.
However, if you need to receive couples only some specific type (for example, if you are a fan of the Finnish sauna and only it), then it will be more logical to save and build a stitch without additions, but only such that would be provided with the necessary parameters.
Decide in advance what you want to feed your oven. This largely depends the complexity and high cost of manufacturing the stove. So, the most simple version is a wood-based design, since it does not have to resort to technical improvements.
The optimal solution will combine in one furnace the ability to feed from several power sources. For example, when some one is over, it will be possible to use others. The most popular is a combination of gas and firewood.
In addition to those listed, there are several more factors that are not so extensive, but also significant. These include the temperature of the furnace.
It makes no sense to make a too powerful furnace for a small bath, but too small design will not cope with the heating of a large room. Be sure to relate the square of the bath with the thermal return of your product.
The temperature of the walls of the furnace unit is also not in the last place of importance. Not so long ago, the so-called "cold" stoves appeared. They have to warm them much longer, but their temperature outside never exceeds 60 degrees, while inside it can be several hundred degrees above.
Drawing up the drawing is an important and responsible step. Without proper education, make a competent drawing almost impossible, and without the right drawing, do not build a good oven. Fortunately, there is a simple solution - take advantage of the finished scheme. They are in the abundance available in free access, so you can choose the most appropriate.
Another option is to order the manufacture of drawing along your own measurements. This solution has several advantages:
- Such an aggregate will ideally accommodate the bathhouse that you have been withdrawn;
- There will be all the necessary additions (for example, a tank);
- The details connection scheme, as a rule, is immediately indicated in the drawing, so you will avoid difficulties.
The cost of such a custom version is not so high, so you can completely afford it. Money spent on the purchase of the scheme will allow you to save a lot of strength, time and nerves in the future.
As mentioned above, today there are only a small amount of materials from which bath heating structures are made.
This is due to the specific requirements that are put forward to them:
- the ability to withstand high temperatures;
- not susceptibility to corrosion, rotting;
- acceptable price;
- Durability and others.
Because of this, the list has decreased only to two positions: brick and metal. Stone furnaces were and remain the most preferred option for Russian baths, but the metal is much cheaper and easier to work. This led to the fact that metal structures gradually displacing bricks. For self-making, it is also better to prefer a metallic unit, as it is easier to do it yourself than to lay out a brick classic design.
Beautiful brick furnaces with high heat transfer. Due to the fact that they are difficult to make themselves, many refuse their facilities, but with sufficient experience, such a design can be done by himself.
Simple ovens look like this:
- Simple without finding the stove looks worthy and interesting in spite of the fact that there was no effort and time on its construction. Similar masonry can be even a newcomer.
- A more complex option posted by a professional master. Such beauty requires professionalism, but the result is worth it. It turned out a full-fledged Russian stove.
As can be seen, the brick is aesthetically attractive, but working with it requires a certain skill. Simple metal aggregates are made by home-grown masters throughout Russia, while the furnaces are not worse than the factory. They meet both products as simple as possible and with forged elements.
Approximately this species have metal constructs made by hand. The most simple aggregate with a heater and everything you need will not take much space. This furnace has a built-in furnace, so it is intended for installation in the smallest bath. A homemade chimney with forged elements and a tank for heating water perfectly fit into any bath.
The manufacture of wrought details will require blacksmithing skills or you can be ordered. Choose which material it is more suitable for you, you have to have.
The following tools will be needed for making a metal furnace:
- welding machine for airtight connection of parts;
- Bulgarian with a diamond disk for cutting metal sheets;
- drill to do small holes;
- construction level, mounting roulette, transport and marker for applying;
- Disk for metal grinding.
For a brick furnace, a more diverse toolkit is used:
- Various Cologves and spatulas for applying a solution that fastens bricks among themselves;
- Kirk for giving the bricks the necessary form and chopping unnecessary pieces;
- Laser building level for horizontal estimation;
- plumb to evaluate verticals;
- Construction "triangle" with dimensions of 40x40x57 cm;
- rule for removing the extra solution and alignment of bricks;
- buckets and pallets in which solutions for bonding bricks will be divorced.
Homemade furnaces can have a different finish, which determines their appearance. However, it all depends not only on this. First of all, beauty and aesthetic appeal determines the accuracy with which all works were carried out.
The most interesting can be the following homemade options:
As you can see, there are no metal products among them, because brick units look a lot more advantageous design.
Where to install?
The answer to this question is obvious: in the steam room. However, in fact, everything is not so simple. If the unit with a built-in furnace is simply installed in the steam room, then with the remote - only in the wall, adjacent to the room in which the firebox will go out. Also, the firebox may have an outdoor . Then it is important to evaluate where you want to see the output, and install the stove exactly there.
A decision on where the installation will be carried out, it is necessary to take on the stage of laying the foundation. Such a measure is connected with the fact that The foundation in this place will need to strengthen well Otherwise, the floor simply will not stand the weight of the oven design and fall apart. It will also be necessary in terms of laying the mounting hole under the oven if it has a remote furnace . Otherwise, the installation will have serious problems.
At the preparation stage, it is necessary to prepare not only materials from which the oven will directly be built, but also the bathroom itself. If not to do all this is quite high quality, then the likelihood of improper work of the stove is great. For example, heat can be applied not to where it is necessary, or problems with the exit of smoke, which can be dangerous to health.
The first step should search or order drawing (perhaps independent manufacture). The drawing must contain all the necessary information about the furnace.
It is also recommended to immediately specify to which maximum temperature you can hear the metal you choose. Usually, this data can be clarified in the same place where you make a purchase.
Preparation of metal
This procedure is carried out after all parts are cut in the desired size. It is necessary to release those elements of the future unit, which heat the strongest. These include sidewalls, top and furnace door . They are in contact with the burning fuel.
Release is made as follows. First, the sheets are hot enough, after which they should not cool them quickly. It is best to leave metal sheets cool slowly . It is not necessary to lower them in the cold water. After these manipulations, you may notice that the parts were swamped, lost the initial form. To return them to the view close to the original, use the hammer, having hanged the items to the desired form. If the hammer does not help or the parts have become more, then simply sprinkle the protruding parts.
This prophylactic measure avoids that the stove during the first use is swinging.
All stove values must be given in the drawings. We are talking about what the area of the foundation needs to be strengthened and how much from the walls of the walls must be protected. Based on the size of the furnace, we can say that Place Strengthening the foundation should go beyond the edge of the furnace by 30 cm . For example, making a square metallic unit with dimensions of 60x60 cm, it will take to strengthen the place 120x120 cm (30 + 60 + 30 cm on each side).
The wall should be isolated 50 cm above and on the furnace . For example, with a height of the stove, 80 cm will need to make an insulation with a height of 1.3 m from the floor. It will also be necessary to lay a metal sheet to the place where the furnace will be installed. This is done that in the case of which the fallen corner did not cause a fire. Metal reservoir should be per plane of the doors per 1 m.
Before starting work on cutting metal, all components will need to be placed. To do this, again, the data shown in the drawing are used.
Sometimes marking is done right on the go when the unit is made up of rectangular and square elements, but even in this case It is better to still draw the borders with the help of a marker . In the future, you will be easier to cut the necessary parts, following the intended lines.
Preparation of the room
This refers to laying of metal sheets to the floor and walls, the calculation of which was given in one of the previous points. Best to choose stainless steel for these purposes . Despite the fact that under the weight of the furnace it is sold, there is a dignity that completely reaches this fact - you will not come across a rust metal damage, which can greatly worsen its appearance and condition.
This stage would be more logical to position the list at the beginning, since the strengthening should be made at the base layout stage. However, if this was not done, you have a challenging phase on sex disassembly.
There is an alternative way: to choose an electric furnace, which due to the lack of fuel will not weigh so much as gas or wood-based options. However, this is also associated with some costs.
The metal furnace device does not cause such difficulties as brick, so it is logical to start a description with a simpler option.
To make a simple tube stove, use the following step by step guide:
- The easiest way is the manufacture of a log of logs. To do this, you will need a piece of pipe at least 50 cm in diameter. The quantity of the segment depends on how high you want to see your oven.
- Cut in the pipe pudded with dimensions of 0.05x0.2 m.
- Slide the opening for firebox with dimensions of 25x20 cm.
- Next, brew mounts for the rods, from which the Kamenka is compiled. For this, fittings are suitable with a diameter of 1 cm.
- Secure the mesh-heater from the rod.
- Opposite the heater cut out another coupled hole.
- Fill the stones with stones. It is forbidden to use granite or any stones containing mica for these purposes. Great talco chlorite.
- We weld top with a pipe with a diameter.
- Cut in the lid hole under the chimney. The diameter of the chimney pipe should be about 15 cm.
- Brew a chimney pipe.
Installation of a brick furnace will require much more materials, forces and time. Depending on the selected option, you will need a certain amount of brick. Pay attention to the fact that the brick is fire-resistant.
Pay attention to the following scheme. It contains a brick co-order. Follow it to build a stove right. Also bricks can be plated a metal structure. This gives the effect that the brick stove is installed in your bath, and not metal.
The thermal insulation of the stove itself is necessary if only because in the process of combustion, a lot of thermal energy is dissipated in the surrounding space. Ban owners try to level this deficiency with all their forces to rationally use all the available heat.
Thermal insulation can be carried out in several ways:
- By installing protective wall metal screens. They will reflect warm. Such a screen makes sense to place around the Kamenka located in the steam room. Then all the heat will not dissipate anywhere, but to get carried out in the steam room.
- Shielding brick. In this case, the brick thickness should be equal to half the standard, that is, the optimal use of a masonry of half the bricks.
Protection for walls and gender, which is performed from sheet metal and has been described above, also serves as a peculiar measure of thermal insulation.
When you stay in the bath there are two real dangers: get a burn or caress. To prevent burns on the occurrence, invented special material - basalt cardboard . It is placed around the heater, so that the awkward movement does not lead to a strong burn, because in the atmosphere of hot air, touching the surface as the air, the temperature is able to cause a serious second degree burn.
To avoid the danger of Ugon, they advise not to do such a furnace, which put on the steam room directly into the pair. It is best to bring it to the adjacent room or outside.
Also Need to check whether the ash was removed before "passing" Since combustion products are able to allocate carbon monoxide, which has no smell. It is not easy to understand what you suffocate.
Tips and recommendations
Experts are divided by some tricks that make the furnace manufacturing process much easier:
- Do not neglect the drawing. Without it, the probability of mistakes and build a ugly and ineffective oven design.
- Be sure to follow all the preparation of the premises, as this will reduce the risk of fire.
- The repair of the furnace must be made on time to avoid the need for a short time to replace the existing stove due to the impossibility of troubleshooting.
- If you plan to use the furnace not only for the bath, but also for heating, pride the pipe system.
- If you are not sure that you can build a dignified quality furnace, give up this venture. A sober assessment of their abilities can save you strength, time and money and save your self-esteem.
- Self-made aggregate of ferrous metal with twisted heater looks interesting and unusual. This design can decorate any pair regardless of its size.
- If the furnace looks not very attractive, it does not mean that it serves poorly. This image shows a visually visible option available in most baths. The owners did not spend a lot of time on the decoration, concentrating on the functioning of the furnace.
- The metal stove in the brick trim looks traditionally, and it is not so difficult to make it. Brick salary in this case acts as a heat insulating shield, allowing the temperature longer to persist at the initial level.
- If a person has a sufficient margin of time and patience, as well as skills in the difficult thing to lay bricks, it can get such a beautiful design. With the help of grinding bricks, the desired rounded form was dowed.
About how to make a stove for a bath from the pipe, see the next video.
Probably, any owner of individual suburban housing, if and has no one's own bath on the plot, then, most likely, puts out plans for her Construction and equipment. Bannaya Tradition in Russia is very ancient and persistent, and no modern devices and devices in the form of baths, jacuzzi, "tricky" shower cabins, electric heaters or steam generators will not replace the real heat from the heated heater and Berezova broom
The stove is one of the most important attributes of the Russian bath or a real sauna. From her The necessary atmosphere, and the required temperature and in the steam room, and in the waters, are directly dependent, and in the extensive. In this, there are quite a few models specially designed for such conditions. However, very many homemade masters prefer to make a bass oven with their own hands. This is Although quite complicated and demanding good skills of construction or welding works, but still quite sat down.
Types of bathing stoves
First of all, it is necessary to deal with the main existing varieties of bath stoves so that you can stop your choice on one of them.
1. By material manufacturing
- For a long time, the main material for bathing stoves was the burned brick. This tradition has not gone into the past today - many prefers brick stove All others, although, of course, her Building is much more difficult than the installation is already ready. But it is warm in it, it remains much longer, and even the atmosphere in the bath Creates Completely special.
С her Building may arise defined difficulties. So, for brick structures, the foundation will necessarily need a foundation that is not related to the foundation of the bath itself. In addition, the size of the building itself does not always allow you to place in Nem. Such bake Although, of course, there are projects and very small in the dimensions of the masonry.
Yet one difficulty - the construction of such a furnace requires defined Experience so that it does not become a source of potential threat to the life and health of people. Often, a desire to have exactly a stone stove makes owners Baths to turn to masters. However, you can try her Fold and independently.
- Metal bath furnaces are very popular. Let them be someworth about T T. Radii, but but they have a number of benefits:
— Her Installation Does not occupy For a long time and will not require a lot of space.
- There is a lot of ready models on sale, so there is an opportunity to choose The most optimal Option for specific Banchu. .
- Such a furnace is easier to make yourself, if there is experience with electric welding.
- For the manufacture of a metal furnace, it would be often used even, it would seem, utilized materials - trimming pipes, old discs from trucks, which came out of consumption gas cylinders, old barrels and T.P. .
In the bath, as a rule, only steel stoves are installed - cast iron in these conditions inadmissible. Yes, it has a greater Heat capacity And longer holds the desired temperature, but its fragility and instability to sharp thermal drops do not provide opportunities, for example, to splash on a hot church with cold water - cracks may appear.
Additional information about the furnaces from Stroyday.ru:
We recommend you to read the materials on the construction of the Swedish furnace with their own hands, the construction of the oven Holland - here, the furnace with their own hands from the metal - here.
In addition, we believe that information will be useful for you on how to set the furnace from metal bricks - here. Well, of course about the ranking of bath stoves and which stove is installed in the bath.
The main disadvantage of steel stoves is quite quick cooling after the end of the furnace, especially if For the manufacture used not enough thick metal sheet. However, heat can Pretty long to hold the massive heater.
- Reconcile supporters of brick and steel bath furnaces can Metal body clamp technology brick.
The massive foundation in this case will not need, the tightness of the masonry seams also That is, the process of building walls is quite simple.
In addition to good heat accumulation, brick cladding will protect against direct impact hard Infrared radiation OT. Redhead Metal surfaces. AND yet —It can be a good interior fit of the bath, the screaming is often not too Sympathetic View of steel stove.
2. According to the used Energy
The overwhelming majority of bath furnaces are designed for firebox them. There are, of course, the models and use of gas, electricity. Some folk crafts are adapting to these purposes liquid fuel units (for example, on diesel fuel), pulling out the flue part with a diesel fuel system into the street.
However, it is possible yet Start it once, no other energy carriers, in addition to natural well-dried firewood, will not be created in a pair of adherence to the healthy microclimate, for which, in principle, the sauna is most often erected.
3. By location of the furnace
And brick, and metal bath stoves can have different layouts:
In one embodiment, the entire furnace is fully, that is, produce her The firebox has to be directly from here. Such a design is definitely cheaper, much easier and manufactured, and in the installation, but there are also a number Serious shortcomings. So, for example, the stock of firewood in the steam room will not create —They simply will be soaked in moisture. Thus, if necessary, keep the fire have to Logging for them to another room or outside. In addition, the steam room is usually not such a volumetric room, and therefore is a great risk of getting a random burn against touching Rassed Fire door.
From the point of view of convenience and security of use won Stoves, W. Which the door of the furnace chamber is submitted to the pre-banker, and in the steamer itself there is a heater and, possibly, a water heating tank. In such a furnace, you can keep fire, I do not interfere with anyone, and the general level of security increases in the steam room.
4. According to the heating method of heating
Finally, bath furnaces differ in the method of heating the stones.
- Currently, constant heating stoves are most often used. In their design, stones do not have direct contact with exiting combustion products - they are placed or in a metal Capacity welded to the housing of the stove, or in special lattice bodies located on the walls or even on chimney Pipe. Such a layout of the furnace is more peculiar to the Finnish sauna. The temperature of the heating of the stones Reaches 300. –400 degrees. The stones are usually used quite a small fraction, by type of large gravel. They are not covered with soot, as isolated from combustion products.
The convenience of such a stove is that the process of firebox and, directly, the adoption of bath procedures is not separated by time - you can maintain fire and, accordingly, the temperature in the steam room is so much how much It will be necessary.
- Several differently arranged bath furnaces of periodic heating. Their design implies a removal Redhead Gas directly through the heater, followed by their access to the smoke tube. Stones are heated to extremely high temperatures - up to 1000 degrees. However, after the overting of the furnace, a complete exhaust of fuel and a carbon monoxide is waited - only after that you can move to washing. So that the Kamenka did not cool down quickly and did not give Heavy wet steam her Usually covered with or lid, or a folding door.
According to such a scheme Usually there were classic Russians Bath furnaces - the drilled bath quite enough for all family members. Water when hitting such strongly preheated stones is instantly turning into steam. The main condition - must be massive, carefully selected, rounded, expressed Dark gray Colors and their total weight should be at least 50 kilograms. From time to time, the Kamenka disassemble to clean the stones from the accumulated soot and replace the collapsed.
Similar materials on our portal
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the Fresh Article on our portal - how to make a barbecue with your own hands.
But before moving to the article about the barbecue, be sure to read how to put the brick.
Schemes of such simple stoves of periodic action will be discussed below.
- It is impossible not to note that there are models of the stoves that combine the advantages and those and others devices. In them Kamenka section on Two areas - an unbelievable, Plotted In a special channel through which combustion products pass, and open.
Such stoves are quite complex on the device, but they also accumulate warmly, and give dry steam, and throw, if necessary, firewood can be directly in the process of washing.
The oven is the heart of the bath. In the absence of proper skills, it is not easy to make it. Think more importantly: savings, most often imaginary, or a sense of comfort, accompanying you during the design of the bath and its use.
Those who prefer effective solutions should pay attention to the options for bath furnaces implemented in the finished form. Among them, you will find devices that meet all the listed quality criteria, and at the same time having an acceptable price.
So, it is possible to allocate heating plants from the Plant Dobrostal Plant among the leaders of the furnace market, the winner of the "100 best goods of Russia" contest. In the range offered to her, such concise models of stoves received the greatest popularity as:
- "Heat Extra 400";
- "Heat-suite 20".
Device body material - carbon steel, one of the strongest and ferry-resistant materials. Ergonomic performance of these wood stoves allows you to use them not only as a heating installation, but also as a good interior solution.
The heat-extra 400 heat model is designed to heat the steam room of 4 to 12 m 3 . The thickness of the arch and mass of the furnace can also vary, based on the requirements that you have.
Furnaces series "The Heat Suite" offer a wider range of model range, with the ability to choose a device for heating by a paril area from 4 to 30m 3.
The designs under consideration are equipped with a chimney-coil, which allows:
- make traction more uniform;
- Save fuel.
By the way, the chimney at any time can be disassembled for cleaning.
The configuration to devices includes:
- grate grilles;
- decorative elements;
- Cast iron door
- Closed heater with funnel for water supply;
- Detailed installation guide.
Furnaces series "The heat" are able to meet the needs of an avid fan of steam room, however, if the bath is not a passion for you, but a real passion, we advise you to pay attention to the Model "August pro", equipped with a panoramic glass door. Not comparable comfort of operation of this device will turn all parts of the bath procedure in pleasure.
The model in question is equipped:
- a closed heater;
- System steam generation.
Using the built-in system, you can choose "Mode" for your steam room:
- Traditional Russian bathhouse;
- Finnish sauna for real vikings;
- Hammam for lovers of oriental pleasures.
Convection in the "August pro" is made by adjusting special dampers.
The desired model can also be purchased in simplified model variations "Standard", "Stone", however, it is the "Profi" version of the most modified, powerful and multifunctional one.
Listed structures represent only a small product of the model range "Dobrost Factory". We advise you to explore it, and find the perfect heart for your wage.
Video: Tips for choosing a stove for a bath
Prices for fireplaces and furnaces
Fireplaces and furnaces
How to make a metal furnace for a bath Alone
Variants of metal bath furnaces - countless, and, by large account , anyone can come up with and relying on any basic models .As an example, you can bring a slightly simple in the performance of the stoves, for the manufacture of which some special knowledge and skills will be required.
Periodic heating stove for a small family Parilies
This is probably one and з The simplest options. To make a similar furnace will need a metal fox T T. Oral order 5 mm (steel T. 3). From a thinner sheet in Dann The case of making the oven does not make sense - it will very quickly procee, and the heat will be inefficient.
- The dimensions of the stove are small - only 900 mm length, 800 - height with legs, and width over front - 600 mm. Her You can accommodate even in a very small room.
- For the flue of the chimney, you will need trim pipe with a diameter of 115 mm. Its length can be different - some prefer a short pipe with a flange to connect the chimney, the other boils a sufficiently long segment to which the hot water tank can be put.
- So that all the seams differ in strength, it is better to do them on a metal corner with a shelf of 30 × 30 × 3 mm. The same profile will be needed for polo to K. Ronsteins for internal lattice partitions.
- In height, the stove space is divided into three unequal compartments. The lower, the narrowest is the asolnik (1) with the door pissed. The size of this door is usually small, in 2 –2.5 times less flopping hole.
- Between the brackets from the corner, cast-iron grains are installed on the brackets from the corner.
- If you failed to find them, you will have to cook Grid. Of the parallel rods of a diameter of at least 10 —12 mm. The distance between the rods is kept the same - about 10 mm.
- The top compartment is a heater, through which the combustion products are removed during the oven touching (5). Gases freely pass through Grid. (4), split stones and discharged in chimney Pipe (6).
- The doors of the furnace chamber and pondering-the ash spots are broadcast on the welded loops and are necessarily equipped with shikold valves.
- The back of the heaters for one third is brewed with a metal sheet (300 × 600 mm), in the center whom the hole is cut off where the chimney is boiled, which the Soots down at 100 –120 mm.
- The diagram does not show the lid, which is covered by Kamenka During the firebox Bath furnace. Her It is easy to make from thin metal (0.8 –1.0 mm) with such Calculation So that it completely overlap the heater and slightly found down the walls of the case. This lid will not give the stones to cool quickly, A B. process Pre-firebox Bani will prevent directly out of combustion products into the room by sending them to the chimney nozzle. Of course, a good thrust must be provided for this.
Immediately before starting bath procedures, this cover is cleaned, and the Kamenka remains in the open position. However, sometimes envisaged hatch That opens when you need to add a couple, and the lid is constantly on the spot, while keeping the heat of the stones longer.
- When the stove is completely welded, producing T T. Sinky sweep and check of seams, removal of burr and metal irregularities. It is recommended to cover the construction outside the heat-resistant varnish specifically designed for fireplaces and furnaces.
Laying stones in the compartment intended for them produced Later, after installing the furnace on the place in the bath and connect her To chimney. About it is speech Will go Somewhat later.
Heat from such a stove after her Flipping should be quite enough for a full-fledged bath procedure for 2 – 3human.
Metal Stove Periodic Heating with Additional Brick walls
Yet one option open Type which is true, somewhat more complicated in the manufacture, but also the ability to accumulate heat from HERE - significantly higher.
There is already a "double" technology - metal case and inner brickwork. Stal in this case is not needed too thick - enough sheets 1.5 –2.0 mm. For masonry, heat-resistant chamotte brick is used, and as a solution, it is best to purchase a ready-made dry construction mixture, specially intended for furnaces and fireplaces, and knead her In accordance with the preparation instructions.
- For a start, it is preparing the base with the legs-welded legs with the tents so that the design of the oven stood stood.
- Then, on this basis, the first solid row of brick is laid out. All other rows are performed in the "Polikirpich" in the area of the furnace, and in a "quarter" —In zone chimney canals.
- After The camera will be posted Solnik-pissed (1), between it and the furnace (2) are installed a cast-iron grate. For leaving Operactions for podded and boot windows when laying fashionably use jumpers from a metal corner 20 × 20, but only so as not to break the evenness Interdogo seams.
- Above the heat chamber is installed lattice Metal rods (Ø 12 mm), which will subsequently fit stones.
- On the left or right side of the stone masonry on the Kamenka damage, the window is left (5), which will serve to load stones, for regular inspection and cleaning them, and in the process of bath procedures - for vaporization - it is in it that water from the bucket will be splashing.
- Winding chimney The channel contributes to the most complete warming of the entire design of the furnace and full Dovzhigi. All combustion products. In the back of this channel, at the level of turning it up, leave the audit window, where it will be mounted Savka. To maximize heat saving after spent Fires.
- The upper two rows of bricks are made solid, only with a window for the exit of combustion products - in this place will then be boiled the nozzle of the chimney.
- When the brick masonry is finished, and the solution has gripped quite well, it is possible to consistently weld the walls of the metal case, which in Dann The case plays the role of a kind of "case". To ease This task, and at the same time, to achieve the tightness of the welds, on the joints on top you can put the corner of 20 × 20 mm.
- When laying the workpiece for front wall immediately outlined and cut out Emmers For the ashtar and boot chamber loading windows .After Front wall will be established on The location is welded with hinges, on which the doors of both cameras with locking devices are hung. The door canvases themselves must be at 10 –15 mm in each side wider embedded windows to ensure dense closing. No means for the installation of asbestos seal around the perimeter or even over the entire area of the inner surface of the furnace of the furnace.
- In the process of installing the side wall from the side of the steam window left in the laying, also cuts out opening And the metal door with the sealer is installed. Her It is better to make folding down and equip a "cold" handle to be able to open during a wash for sacrifice.
- The latter is boiling the cover of the stove with a pre-cut hole under the chimney nozzle. Then the segment of the pipe with a diameter of 100 mm is boil.
- Furnace Loading Stone will be made after her Installations in the bath at the prepared place.
Stoves permanent heating with open Kamenka
Build such stoves made of metal sheets or other available materials. yet simpler.
The figure shows simple in the manufacture of a stove from cropping a metal thick-walled pipe with a diameter of 325 mm.
Cracity Pipe Section on Two compartments of Colosnikova Grid. . The top, the main, serves as a firebox, the bottom - as a roller-puff. Both branches have their own doors, respectively, to bookmark firewood and Property Air supply and cleaning.
Closer to the long, completely Pushed The end of the pipe is boiling the nozzle of the chimney with a diameter of 100 mm.
From above of the cylindrical body, a metal box is welded, which will be filled with stones. In order to Ensure maximum heating of stones, you can make a chimney in this area not direct, but with a curved knee - the area of contact Rassed Pipes with Kamenka will increase significantly.
It will be easy to make a similar stove and in the form of a parallelepiped, using metal sheets as blanks.
Very often, such stoves are equipped with water tanks. In the photo of the stove from the pipe he Placed on the back plug, which is at the same time and wall Capacity For water.
In the manufacture of rectangular designs, options appears much more - the tanks are placed from any of the parties, on top, or even at all Make a "water shirt" semblance from several sides, with the inserting pipes for the supply of cold and selection of preheated water.
Yet One convenient solution to solve water heating may be the installation on chimney The pipe of a special heat exchanger tank.
Such water heaters can be made independently, but there is an opportunity to purchase and the finished factory product that has T T. Ruba defined standard diameter. It will only be left to cut this tank into a vertical part of the chimney above the stove and connect the pipe supply and water take-off.
Maybe it will interest you
We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the article, how to make a fireplace with your own bricks.
In addition, we recommend that you read the article about finishing the fireplace.
Such tanks can themselves have sufficient Volume either serve only heat exchanger and connect to the main water tank.
Video: An interesting simple design of a metal stove for a bath
Preparation of the place to install the stove
Alone to make the stove for the bath - this is just half anteen. It is necessary to carefully prepare a place for her Installations directly indoors.
Even just a metal furnace is a sufficiently massive design, especially if adding to her one's own weight stone Styling And the severity of the filled water tank. Thus, it is necessary to prepare the foundation - the peculiar podium to which it will be installed. Best to provide for HERE Own foundation.
- For this purpose, a small pit (up to 500 mm depth) is broken in the selected place.
- The bottom layer is stacked at a bottom of 100 mm, then, after tamping, yet 200 mm Gravine-rubble backfill.
- Located with a layer of shut-off waterproofing - usually a rubryoid is used for this.
- Then the concrete solution is poured to the soil level with filling from sand and small gravel.
- After the full pouring of this site (at least 3 weeks) from above HERE Locked the rubberoid layer, and then solid laying of burnt Brick
- The masonry lead or to the level of "clean" floor of the bath, or even a bit, 100 –150 mm higher building in this way Raised podium to install the stove.
It is impossible to put the furnace on the concrete base - with all the apparent monolith and strength, it in conditions of high humidity and large temperatures is required Start crack and crumble.
From walls, especially wooden, the stove should be located on Distance at least 200 mm. Walls are necessarily shed with heat-resistant material - a stainless steel sheet or " Orulom "- Foil thermal insulator Based on harmless basalt mineral wool.
Very often metallic furnaces "dress" in brickwork .it gives A number of advantages - less risk burning about Rassed walls, plus to this brickwork will be yet One is enough Cottage Battery heat.
More information about this process can be found from Special article of our portal . Here are only a few important comments:
- The distance from the metal walls to brick masonry is recommended to withstand 100 mm. This is necessary for normal air circulation - a powerful convection flow will be created that promotes a uniform and rapid warming of the room. AT These same The objects of the bottom of the masonry must be provided for special windows. The metal walls of the stove, covered outside the brick without a gap, closely, due to the violation of normal heat transfer, they will very quickly ruin.
- For masonry, only natural clay chimney or special building mixtures, designed specifically for such purposes, can be used, with pronounced properties of moisture and Hemustability .
- The stove cover the brick must be thought out in advance - this is taken into account when filling the foundation and laying out the brick podium.
Refractory brick prices
The efficiency of the homemade bath furnace will largely depend on the stones - the correctness of their selection and layout in Kamenka.
Even on A small stove requires no less than 50 kilogram styling, but still it is better for family bath to navigate on the 80. —100 kg.
Cobblestones are better to pick up a rounded shape, smooth gray, without surface flaps (cracks or faults). It is desirable that the stones are different sized - from 50 to 150 mm.
Granite for a bathing furnace Absolutely unsuitable . First, its structure is unstable to frequent processes of strong heating with the simultaneous effect of steam - destruction will very quickly begin. Secondly, granite always contains salivary splashes, and they are able to distinguish enough toxic evaporation when influencing.
Best materials, in addition to the usual natural cobblestone, are considered Talcochloride , Basalt or Jadeitis. Such stones of various sizes can be purchased in specialized stores.
It is very important to put the stones correctly. The calculation begins with such a calculation so that the largest, massive of them are below. They will not prevent the heat passing to the above and create a powerful heat supply. Then the stones of the average size are laid out, and only at the very top are small in size.
Such an order will provide the upper layer of stones heating to a temperature of 300 –400 º - exactly what is needed for Dry para . If water gets into the well-warm, evaporation stones occurs literally instantly si is accompanied by a characteristic crackle.
If the stones are flattened, then their spatial orientation is also necessarily taken into account. Long side, they must be located along the main heat flux, otherwise happen A peculiar "locking" when the bottom stones will overheat, and the upper will not reach the desired temperature regime.
Neglecting the rules of laying stones sharply reduce the general healing effect of the bath. Couple very fast Start "Heavy" and though Perhaps the total temperature in the steam room will not significantly decrease significantly, the stay in it will bring more harm than the benefit - in the converged room simply becomes nothing to breathe.
Video: How to put stones in a bathing stuff
Prices for various types of stoves for furnaces
Stones for stoves
So, the oven for the bath do it yourself - the task is quite perfect, if you consider all the technological nuances in the manufacture, and when installing the established security requirements. But the independently made stove will not only help save a sufficiently significant amount, but will become the subject of the pride of the owner, when the opportunity to invite his friends to the bath.
How to make a bass oven with your own hands?
Most of the owners of country sites, along with the construction of the house, the construction of the adjacent territory, are planning for the construction of a bath. Someone is more convenient to take advantage of the services of professional masters, and for someone, the bath, designed by its own hands, has a particularly indescribable value.
The main element of the bath is a furnace. Despite the large number of important details, it can be constructed independently if you study all the subtleties and nuances of the furnace.
With all the similarity of the furniture functional, the requirements for various models will be different. The bath stove must have a high efficiency. Since it should take a little place, at the same time have enough power for heating the steam room to significantly high temperatures, heat quickly and for a long time to keep the heat.
The design of the stove is not so complicated, but there are a number of significant conditions. Very important parameter - this is the safety of the furnace . For example, the so-called hot furnace raises the temperature of the bathroom in a short time due to the fact that its walls are heated at a temperature of up to 100 degrees Celsius.
If it is inactively hurt this hot surface, the burn is inevitable. In addition, in this case it is impossible to control the degree of heating, which is fraught with a large stress for the body and even a thermal impact. Unlike conventional furnaces for heating the room, there are additional elements in the beds, such as a heater or water tank.
Kamenka is a container into which cobblestones are stacked. Heaving to high temperatures, they contribute to the retention of heat in the bathroom, and are also direct steam generators. Stones are poured with water, evaporating water creates the necessary humidity and comfortable atmosphere in the pair.
The water tank can be equipped with a crane for greater convenience. In the absence of a central or other water supply in the bath, a hot water container becomes a necessity for the adoption of bath procedures.
There are a large number of stove models that can be made with your own hands. They differ in different characteristics. In general, conditionally bath furnaces are divided into two types - cold and hot. Hot stove, as noted above, heats up completely , including its own walls, from here and the heat is spreading to the entire room by steam room. And if such a furnace minus is that the room will overheat, then The cold furnace does not have such a problem due to heating only the firebox itself and stones in Kamenka . But in this case an additional heat source is needed, especially in winter.
There is a high probability that such a centralized heater will not cope with a large amount of air in the bath.
The following characteristic is the constancy of heating. there is Stoves with constant heating They are sleeping through the adoption of bath procedures for unlimited time. It is not necessary to make it up to very high temperatures, it is enough to constantly maintain the specified level of wood thread. With constant heating, heat and humidity are stable, in the room comfortable.
Furnace of periodic heating Prettyly fly before visiting the bath. After that, the bath will be long to keep the resulting temperature due to stones that are inside the heater. An interesting additional effect of such an oven is the smell, very pleasant with the hardcasters of wood, which arises from the settlement of the woodcot on the stones.
To make the right choice, you need to figure out how different stoves are characterized.
By material manufacturing
The first model to pay attention to is Brick oven . Experienced builders recommend that this material as the most optimal for the bath. The biggest advantage is the quality of the steam, which will turn out from the heat of this furnace. Its produced by it is characterized by soft and uniformity, so steam is obtained dense, hot, but not burning.
Another nice nuance for the owners of aesthetic taste - From bricks you can create an unusual or classic interior solution So the bake of the bath will be not only useful, but also pleasing eyes with the construction.
At the same time, you need to pay attention to that Brick oven requires free space . There are, of course, small-sized structures, but still more often the sizes of such an oven are large enough. In addition, it will take an additional foundation for its installation, since the oven is heavy, which can also affect the free square of the bath.
Brick furnaces, in turn, are also several species. Depending on the design features, the furnace will be called "on white", "on gray", "on black".
Bath "in black" Known in Russia for a long time. Once it was the only option to arrange the bath and it was believed that her visit brings health, kills a birth and strengthens the body.
The essence is: in the bathroom there is a stove stove from stones and rubble. Such a furnace does not have a separate chimney separately. Due to the simplicity of its design, such furnaces managed to design even in hiking military life, organizing baths for soldiers. That is, the oven melts, the firewood is constantly in order to achieve strong burning, smoke from extending firewood goes straight to the room .
Several hours goes to warm up the oven and room. After that, the room can be ventilated and stopped stiring. Of course, the bath will not be able to maintain heat for a long time after burning fuel, but, as a rule, it was enough for washing.
After such procedures for heating, everything in the bath was covered with a layer of soot, shelves, walls, all possible surfaces. The soot was washed off with water, and after the stones were watered with mint champs, needles. It was believed that all bacteria and microbes were destroyed in this way. , and the air with the smell of wood and Gary is very useful.
Now many adherents of Bath "in black" appear again. They argue that such a bath is really real, and everything else that exists at the moment, only a parody and does not carry any value to health and cheerfulness.
But there is an opinion that only professional buyers can organize such a bathhouse, and for people who do not know all the subtleties and nuances of a bath case, it can even be dangerous.
For the arrangement of the bath "Gray" Tube of chimney is added to the simplest design of the Kamenka furnace. Thus, smoke and carbon black gas no longer fall into the pair of room, but at the same time Kamenka is mounted in such a way that the smoke goes through a container with stones . In this case, after watering water on steam stones, it turns out with an admixture of a haze.
Soot in the bath will not be But the unique bath atmosphere will continue. This option may be suitable for connoisseurs of real Russian baths that want to avoid the minuses of Bani "in black".
Bath "White" Will warm the longest listed. But its advantage is that She holds warm for a long time .
Underground oven - Another original variety of brick bath oven. It differs from standard furnaces by the fact that air access to burning wood is carried out on top, and not below. If in the usual version of the firewood fit into the grille and set on fire, then In the subsidence, the spoken is produced from above and the direction of thrust will change to top . Such a device allows the wood to flare up evenly and maintain a certain temperature regime for a long time, unlike ovens with lower combustion, where firewood flares sharply and intensively, but also quickly roast.
Laying of firewood into a sub-furnace must occur in a certain way: large lamps are laid on the bottom, then the average, and on the very top of very small chips . Constructing the oven with the upper burning, you can refuse to install the ash bar, because with this method of the firing of evils after the end of the burning, you can simply be shielded by a broom to the scoop.
Metal furnace is a fairly common option. . It has small dimensions, it can be both square and round, quickly heats up and quickly cools. This furnace can be purchased ready, and you can cook from the sheets of steel, having a small experience of welding. Moreover, it can be made even from a utilized material, for example, pipe trimming. It is easy to burn about the metal, so in order to security items you can escalate it with a brick layer.
One of the varieties of a metal furnace is a bath boiler . If a metal furnace can be any forms and sizes, then the boiler is, as a rule, a cylindrical structure, a small-sized. The boiler can be put in a bathroom as an additional heating source.
Performing such a design with your own hands occurs according to the algorithm relating to all metal furnaces. The metal sheet is cut in shape, the housing is welded, the fuel and a heater, chimney, is equipped. After that, the boiler can be laid with bricks so as not to risk burning a hot contour.
By location of the furnace
The main technical element of the furnace is furnace. It can be located both inside the steam room and outside.
If the firebox is inside the steam room, it can be convenient because it is not necessary to go far to add heat. But at the same time, considering that, as a rule, a small steam room, there is a huge danger of burning burns.
Released furnace - much more comfortable and safe choice . In this case, the steamer is in the steam room, possibly with a tank of water, and the chamber of the furnace is put into the pre-banker. Obviously, with this location, the opportunity to burn is minimized.
To establish a heat exchanger for a bath - a special separately taken element for heating water, you need to focus on the location of the furnace, since it can be located in chimney or in the oven itself.
By type of fuel
The real bath, of course, is heated on firewood. It is the firewood - an environmentally friendly material that creates the very wellness atmosphere for which everything is asleep. But there are exceptions.
The furnace can work on gas, "fuel" can be electrical energy, and in other cases and liquid fuel like a diesel engine or diesel engine. When working out such options It is important to remember that these products are toxic And if it is decided to heat the bath that Be sure to make the flue system on the street .
Electric furnace - An interesting option for those who do not want to make a lot of effort to prepare a bath, does not like to follow the heating process. The possible disadvantage of such a furnace can be the fact that it is completely non-economical. But for those who are ready to sacrifice the atmosphere of the Russian bath In favor of convenience and comfort, such a furnace can become an ideal option. There will be no soot from such a furnace, there is no need to arrange chimney And the most important advantage is that it is possible to set the temperature of heating that will be perfect for you.
The electric furnace is purchased in the finished form and is installed according to the instructions. If you do everything correctly, such a furnace will be absolutely safe in operation, the cooling-cooling modes will be automatically adjusted, and it is very convenient to control all its functions using the remote control.
Gas oven Also has a lot of supporters. It is easy to install, ease of service, safe with proper operation and is very compact. The furnace of this type is equipped with a gas burner. There are models equipped with water tank, pallet for stones. In such a design, a fuse is necessarily located, which will not allow Gas to spread if the fire suddenly goes out.
When installing a gas furnace, you need to be guided by security rules. The main requirement is the remoteness of the stove walls from the walls of the room (at least 50 cm). The foundation for the furnace should exceed it around the perimeter at least 10 cm . You also need to pay attention to the size of the burner - they must approach the size of the furnace. The main plus of the gas model is its economy and durability. Gas Furnaces can serve about 25 years.
The furnace itself is a device of increased danger, Furnaces, working on diesel fuel, diesel and workflow have a very high class of danger . At the same time, such a furnace is the only option that can very quickly warm up a very frozen room, which can be a great advantage for those who visit the country bath several times in the winter, for example.
Deciding for the installation of such an aggregate, it is necessary to resort to help or recommendations of specialists. Since in such a furnace, the oil product is heated to high temperatures, with an incorrect approach to the device of such a furnace, the fuel is possible up to the explosion.
The furnace operating on the diesel can be dual-circuit, wick and drip. Two-kinnaya - this is a kind of heat pipe which instantly warms even the most outstanding room. Fuel consumption for it is very large, so such a type of furnace is not particularly relevant for installation in the bath.
The wick oven is more hiking design. . If there is a desire to use it for heating, you need to take care that all its parts are made of high-quality materials and carefully seen each other. But such a device in any case is very small power.
Drip oven, working on the diesel, is the most optimal option. which can be used for a bathroom.
The principle of such an apparatus is that fuel drips in the container with a hot evaporator. The furnace is started using a proposed wick, the evaporator is heated. After almost complete wick burning, fuel droplets are launched. Finding into the tank of the evaporator, the drops boil and the pairs light up, highlighting heat.
Already exist The stove "bourgeito" can be successfully removed under such a type of fuel . Be sure to carry out all work in strict accordance with the scheme made in compliance with all safety requirements.
According to the method of heating
The following important characteristic of the bath furnace is the type of device of the heater, on which the method of heating the stones, and hence the temperature and pair of indoors. Everything is simple here.
Kamenka is an open type and closed . In the open type, the stones are located above the fuel compartment. It is on them and pour hot water to obtain a couple. It is suitable for small rooms, because with a frequent watering, the water stove quickly cools. If the furnace is equipped with a water tank, such a design will be more convenient because everything will be at hand.
Closed type of heater - a more successful option for many reasons. In this design, stones are located outside the door. It will take more time to warm the bath, but the heat of the stones can be stored before the day.
With a closed type, the fuel compartment is located outside the room, thus eliminating the possibility of carbon monoxide into the steam room. The whole oven is warmed equally, which creates a soft atmosphere of uniform heat. With this location, the stones are less than the possibility of burning hot steam when painting them . Behind the closed door, the stones hold their warmth for a long time, so the temperature in the bath will remain high for a long time.
There are also copyright stove models that can be purchased and installed. These are standard structures that are improved by various characteristics. For example, aquail that retains a sufficient amount of oxygen in a steam room due to a water layer, which is laid in the furnace walls.
Kurina oven is a type of a brick furnace for a bath, which has its own features of the device for more comfortable and uniform heating of the bathroom.
Subtleties of manufacturing
It is easier to make a metal furnace with your own hands, but with a large desire and the presence of patience can be made and brick. Before starting construction, you need to have general ideas about the basic requirements for building a stove for a bathroom.
The furnace must be installed at the wall, which is located opposite the one that is equipped with shelves . The chimney tube cannot be designed to be able to lay down to ceiling surfaces, it is necessary to leave a gap, which will be further filled with refractory material and covered with a protective overlay. Before the fuel cell on the floor, a metal sheet is stacked to protect the room from a fire probability when coals wake up from the oven.
The most common structures of brick baths, which can be made, differ also in the location of the water to heal water. There are stoves with the installation of the tank below and the oven with the tank installation from above.
Before starting the construction of the furnace, you need to prepare the necessary materials:
- Brick itself;
- clay and sand;
- bowl for mixing the solution;
- Marking and masonry tools;
- insulating materials;
- Separately, you need to prepare materials for creating a tank under the water of the chimney, if it is decided to make them yourself. You can also buy them ready.
To build a furnace, which will be installed in a bathroom, Brick need to purchase higher quality than the usual for construction . It should also have refractory characteristics and have clear forms and the same dimensions.
So-called Chamotte brick - in its parameters the most suitable option for the stove Standing in the bath, but it is necessary to take into account that the cost of it will be significantly higher than the usual brick, so a variant of its use is partially, in the most significant places, for example, for the firebox - the places of the greatest heating. And for the outer walls, chimney and finishes, a conventional red brick can be used, but not low quality.
Check the possibilities of bricks can be easily, knowing a few simple ways. The first approximate parameter will be the sound. If you knock on it with a hammer, the sound coming from the surface should be ringing and clean. If the sound is deaf and as if outgoing inward, the likelihood is that inside the brick there are cracks that make brick fragile and fragile. In this case, your oven risks collapsing after a short operation.
The second indicator is the appearance of the brick. According to the standards, the brick must have dimensions 250 * 120 * 65 . Deviation within the norm is considered to be 2 mm. The brick should not be visible defects, cracks and chips. An insignificant presence of grooves is allowed. Sometimes on the surface of the product you can see the flare resembling a film. From such a brick it is necessary to refuse Since this indicates marriage in production. Such a brick will not be entrenched in the right place, as the film will prevent the necessary agsexyia.
The third landmark inside the brick. In the literal sense, the brick must be divided into two parts and carefully examine the surface of the chip. Color should be uniform and not to have darker streams and inclusions. Their presence indicates a violation of technology in the manufacture of brick facing. Such a brick for building a bath oven is categorically not recommended.
Starting construction, you need to correctly establish the basis of the future furnace. The base must be made waterproof so that it remains cold. Ruberoid leaf is perfect for this purpose.
The foundation should be more furnace approximately 10-12 centimeters . It is covered with a beam of concrete or steel and flooring will be installed on top of this overlap.
Next, it is necessary to prepare a solution that will clutch bricks with each other. It will take clay, sand and water for the mixture. It is advisable to use clay the same as that that is used in the manufacture of bricks . It must be mixed with water and leave for a day. The sand is added last. The consistency should be homogeneous and thick.
To understand whether the mixture is cooked correctly, you need to move it to the side, on the surface. The mixture should not be cracked, blurred, stick to the trowel, the solution must keep the form . There is another way. Wooden wand should be dipped into the solution. The layer of a mixture that has been masted on a stick should not be more, but not less than 2 mm. Solution is better to prepare small portions By making a new portion after using the previous one.
After installing the foundation, starting a masonry, you need to have drawings before your eyes, for which work will be performed. A pre-prepared scheme on which the brickwork will be carried out will be much simplified and streamlined the process.
Brick laying is standard and rarely performed otherwise. The first rows of bricks are stacked, as a rule, a solid layer, it will be the so-called stove pillow. Two rows will be enough . The third row start to lay, drawing on the drawing. Here they usually put the grate, a pensive door and ash compartment. The underwear door is installed using a galvanized wire. The door is attached in the middle of the wall, and its lower segments are laid out on the surface of a row of bricks. Wire hide in grooves made on the surface of bricks. And the upper part of the door will be fixed in the sixth row of bricks.
Next, four rows of bricks fit in a row. Here It is necessary to pay close attention to the alignment of the corners. . It depends on the correct installation of the ash bar and the grate grid. If at least one corner is wrong, you will have the opportunity to get smoke in a steam room . After laying solid rows, the top of the door was attached, on the sixth row of masonry.
The seventh row of bricks is the level on which the door of the firebox and grate is installed. The grille of the grate must be on the same level with brick masonry, for this, the bricks are made in the height of the britter of the lattice. The lattice is fastened with a solution. The cooler is tightly applied on a layer of the mixture and closed with a hammer for a stronger clutch. You can not allow the lattice to contact the stove walls Because the grate when heated will increase in size and create pressure on the side surfaces, which is fraught with the destruction of the furnace. The door of the firebox is attached similarly to the doors pondered.
Next, you need to make the opening under the water tank. Considering that the tank will touch the brick in some places, for the best attachment you need to wind the tank with a cord from asbestos wire. The tank is placed on the side walls.
From the next row of masonry, namely the eighth, the chimney will begin, so it is necessary to establish a partition. The ninth clock is already mounted, the tank itself is already mounted and the stove is installed. Further, the brick is installed in the height of the furnace and after that the chimney is laid according to the scheme.
The water tank can be over the chimney. But it is obvious that locating directly above the furnace, the container will warm up much faster.
Metal furnaces have their indisputable advantages. For example, simplicity of installation and rapid heating. This can also include small-sized and aesthetic appearance. But with all the advantages, it is impossible to forget that the metal furnace will be more demanding in terms of safety. Therefore, thinking by mounting a metal furnace, you need to strictly follow the instructions and follow all the installation rules.
Installed a furnace at a distance of at least 0.5 meters from the walls and interior items .
If the metal furnace is working with electricity, grounding is made. When choosing this option of heating, it is also necessary to coordinate with the fire inspection.
The ceiling and walls of the bath must be protected from fire, paving the insulation material Or having finished with brick and / or metal sheets.
On top of the walls of the furnace can be laid a stone or brickwork, which will reduce the risk of burn. An additional advantage of such a cladding will be an increase in the time of conservation of heat in the furnace.
Since the metal furnace has a small weight, build a separate foundation, as a rule, no need. Such a need may occur with the weight of the furnace more than 750 kg. In other cases, it is enough to hold a metal sheet to the future furnace or even put ordinary ceramic tiles. Such a layer is done in order to fire safety.
The furnace itself can be purchased in the finished form, but having at least small knowledge and skills, you can and cook from the metal sheets itself.
In the case of an oven for installation in a bath, it is necessary to understand that the metal must be tested for strength and possible deformation when exposed to high temperatures. In order to avoid similar surprises, it is necessary to split the metal sheets of hot and see what will happen with a sheet. . It may increase around the area and lose smoothness. Then the leaf hammer is playing in places of bugro and depressions to the original form, and the excess is cut off. Such preparation will not give the furnace to get into operation during operation.
Metal furnace most often does not provide in its design tank for water. Since the furnace itself has a small size, an additional container will make the construction more cumbersome, having deprived this option of its obvious advantage for small rooms. But of course, If necessary and desire can also be provided .
Anyway, Capacity needs to pick up small sizes, as it must have time to warm up in a short time.
Kamenka in such a furnace can be inner or outdoor. If the heater is installed outside, it can be pouring water to get steam. It looks aesthetically and beautiful, heats up to high temperatures.
Internal type heater allows stones to warm stronger Accordingly, they will maintain heat longer, but in this case the path of the chimney will run there and there will be a need for periodic deep cleaning of the heater from the settlement of combustion products.
The stones themselves are of great importance for the homemade metal furnace. Granite cobblestones - absolutely inappropriate material . They contain inclusions of mica, which, when heated, sends toxic substances. Inhalation of these poisonous vapors is very dangerous to health. The best natural stones are suitable for the bath, rounded, about identical sizes, without cracks and chips .
Specialized stores can be purchased Cobblestones from Basalt or Jadeite, which are perfect for a bath oven .
In addition to the right selection of stones, it is important and folded correctly. The biggest and heavy must be put on the bottom of the Kamenka, taking into account their form . If the stones are oblong, they are placed vertically, so that the heat, going up, could freely pass along the surface of the stone. If you neglect by this rule, the natural barrier will arise for heat and the lower stones will be very heavy, while the upper remains cold. On top of the large stones lay medium-sized stones and further, the upper layer, small pebbles .
With incorrect laying of pairs of pairs in the room will become wet and heavy, and the recreation procedure will become ineffective.
As in the case of the rest of the furnaces, in the manufacture of a metal fuel furnace can be constructed monolith. This design is installed directly in the steam room. This option is the most simple. A large number of drawings and schemes are available for those who want. An option with remote furnace is more laborious, but having a sufficient supply of patience, it is quite possible to implement it.
An important point is the design of the chimney when installing a metal furnace. This compartment must be isolated. Optimally between the inner and external casing of the pipe pave an insulating canvas.
Metal furnaces have one interesting feature. The design of the furnaces of most furnaces is such that it allows to obtain a maximum of heat for a minimum of time due to the rapid roasting of firewood.
There is a situation when the tree burned down and warmed the oven to high temperatures that cannot be adjusted. It happens so because the standard furnace is placed in a grate of a grain, which is designed to enhance combustion by supplying additional air, and therefore oxygen through its lattices. With such a device, the oven heats up very much, while the bottom and the sides are completely insignificant . Additional inconvenience appear in operation, because little pleasure is instead of bath procedures to regulate the flame.
The solution to the problem is simply like all ingenious - to abandon the grace at all. If the furnace door is maximized using an asbestos cord, firewood can be laid directly to the bottom of the furnace. On the door it is necessary to equip a small hole with the damper to be able to control air access to fire.
After such actions, firewood in the furnace will calmly be lit for an hour and more, and the oven itself will warm evenly. So simple, but effective design adjustment will make it possible to make a metal furnace as convenient as possible.
The most common model of the bath metal furnace is "burgundy" . Such a furnace is a mobile, most simple in manufacturing and operation and familiar even those who are far from furnace work.
All key elements are present in this design:
- Fire and pissed;
- Inner heater;
- Water tank.
Near the burzhuyka it is quite possible to equip a place to store firewood.
To mount the simplest version of this furnace, you will need a welding machine, a cut pipe with thick walls or a barrel as the body of the furnace and water container itself, a pipe for chimney, a grate grille or a bar for its manufacture, insulating material.
First prepare the base. To do this, we need to release the floor of the floor and dug up the depth of about 50 cm. The size of it must be in size of the furnace with an additional 30 cm around the perimeter. The bottom of the crushed stone or brick layer is lined up, after which the concrete layer is poured. The next layer is a reference sheet. It will be worth it to be seen in two layers, but only after concrete will finally dry .
Two layers of refractory bricks are placed on rubberoid sheets. The first layer on the edge. The burned brick will create a good defense of the foundation from moisture and the effects of high temperatures.
The next step is the assembly of the fuel compartment. The pipe that will be used for the fifteer is cut from both sides to get the cylinder as a result. In this cylinder, you need to cut a hole in which the fuel can be installed and pondered. Inside the pipe you need to weld fastening for grille of the grate. The grille itself also needs to be welded from metal rods.
Next, you need to prepare two circles cut out of metal sheets, to weld them to the top of the pipe one and below the other, pre-taking a hole to install the future chimney. The doors are made of metal residues.
For the proper operation of the chimney, the sequence of its installation must be observed. The inner part must be welded to the furnace and over to install the water tank so that the chimney pipe passes through the container. In one of the walls of the container you need to insert a crane. The rest of the pipe should be removed from the room. In the chimney pipe, it is also necessary to insert a valve that looks like a metal rod with a circle fixed on it. Watching the valve, you can control the incoming air.
Sometimes water tank is more expedient to install near the furnace . In this case, the tank and fuel compartment are connected by metal tubes for circulation. Such a design allows you to mount a block for stones, that is, to build a full-fledged heater.
Simple homemade options
In addition to the furnaces of brick and basic metallic models, there are also the most simplified devices for the heating of the bath. You can build them from the remedies, attaching minimal efforts. Of course, you need to understand that such structures are unlikely to differ in particular beauty or ennoble the interior, but if the target only in the heating of the room is quite acceptable to use these options.
Planning to build such a furnace, it is desirable to prepare a drawing or a scheme for which it will be collected.
An interesting furnace version may turn out from unnecessary wheels . Such a heating element is easy to perform, takes little space, quickly heats up and well gives warmth. In addition, such a furnace will be durable, durable and, if desired, it is possible to turn it not only to firewood, but also coal.
The disadvantages are those inherent in all metallic furnaces - fast cooling and the likelihood of getting a burn from a random touch to the wall. Also It should be borne in mind that at the expense of small sizes to warm up such a furnace will be able to a small room, ideally no more than 14-15 square meters. M. For the heating of the premises of a larger area, this design will not suit.
For the device case, 4 disks are needed from the cargo machine that you need to pre-prepare - clean out of contamination, possibly using the emery skirt. Two disks need to remove the middle, leaving only rims. They will be used in the form of a bottle for water. To do this, they need to be welded and to the top to attach a metal cover for the bay of water to the top, and on the bottom of the structure to attach a metal sheet in which there must be a hole for the chimney pipe. The resulting container should be hermetic. It is necessary to check and eliminate disadvantages if available.
From the remaining two discs make fuel compartment and Kamenka. In one disk you need to leave the central part, it will play the role of grille of the grate. The second disk must be released from the central segment, then when welding two parts, the second serves as a container under stones.
All parts of the furnace are collected according to the scheme, after that the furnace is installed on a pre-prepared foundation.
The oven from the wealth of iron barrels can also be a good option for small pairs . To install such a furnace, first of all, you need to put the foundation. It must be a concrete or brick base that has increased fire resistance.
The barrel must be trimmed with a baccoon to the required length. After that, the brick is laid out from the inside. The fuel compartment is distinguished using metal profiles. Stones are poured on them. After the barrel, the cover with a welded pipe for smoke is installed.
Such a furnace will heat up and give off their heat stones, and smoke to fall into the gap between them and disappear
When planning the construction of a bath oven, it is important to correctly assess your strength and opportunities. Of course, the furnace made with your own hands will heat not only the body, but also the soul. But in order for such an exciting and fruitful occupation to bring pleasure, a serious approach is needed.
Bath furnace manufacturers offer a large assortment of finished devices that require only installation. If you still pose the construction of the furnace personally, it is necessary to take into account all the advice and recommendations.
It is categorically impossible to neglect the requirements of fire safety. It must be insulated foundation. It must be remembered that for furnaces operating on different types of fuel, safety criteria will be varied. The most unreliable option is an aggregate using diesel, diesel fuel, liquid combustible mixtures.
It is necessary to provide in advance how the issue of ventilation will be solved in the bath. The correct chimney device will help to avoid leaks of smoke and carbon monoxide poisoning.
Carefully examine the needs of your family towards bath procedures. Stripping from these information you can solve, in favor of which furnace to make a choice. The metal oven quickly heats the steam room and if in your case the duration of the bath procedures - a para-triple of hours, it makes sense to install a metal structure.
For lovers to get a brick stove will be a more appropriate option. because it holds heat for a long time and generates soft comfortable steam.
Metal walls of the furnace can be chosen by brickwork, a certain average, having dignity and a brick and metal furnace
An excellent bath decision will be the acquisition of a cast-iron finished oven With the subsequent facing of its walls with bricks. Couples from such a furnace will be pleasant and dense, and the oven itself will last long. Another plus of this option is a quick heating. But you need to remember that Such a furnace is not installed directly indoors pair. The fuel should be in the pre-tribbon.
It is good when the furnace is designed in such a way that both types of heater are present - closed and open. So more opportunities to bring the steam room to the desired temperature. Kamenka can be arranged in the form of a grid filled with stones. Less metal is less than hot heat.
Stones can be put in a certain way in the form of a well, so that it is possible to pour water straight into the constructed recess. This will give a large number of a couple of good quality.
In addition to a good oven, it is important to properly make the thermal insulation of the steam room, draining water and all the internally car steam, including the walls of the walls. Perhaps you will have to think about how to organize additional heating to take into account the wishes of all family members.
Birch firewood will be the best fuel for the bath . They burn evenly, they leave little waste. The coniferous rocks of the trees during combustion very much clog chimney. They are better not to use.
The volume of water tank is usually calculated from the amount of 10 liters to wash one person .
Clay for a solution used to masonry bricks can be completely used natural, assembled on the shores of water bodies. It needs to be soaked for several days to cleanse possible impurities.
By paying attention to all the subtleties and nuances of the furnace, you can build a device that will bring joy and health.
Master class on the manufacture of a furnace See next video.